NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

Here you will get NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current are helpful in building a great foundation of concepts and make easy for the students to understand basics. It will develop logical perspective of students and they will be more scientific while answering a question. You will get step by step and to the points answers of every question given inside the textbook.

NCERT Textbook will provide you with a lot of interesting topics thus these NCERT Solutions for Class 8 will be useful in understanding in depth concepts well. Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current Class 8 Science NCERT Questions and Answers will prepare yourself well before examinations and help in improving the student's experience.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current


These Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions will be quite helpful in making learning process and effortless and more effective. Syllabus is not only difficult but quite lengthy too thus NCERT Solutions will help you in covering those essential topics. With the help of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 14, you can figure out the latest marking scheme and prepare your answers as per the demand/devise your own strategy.

 Study Material for Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current

Page No: 180

Exercise

1. Fill in the blanks.
(a) Most liquids that conduct electricity are solutions of ________, _______ and ________.
(b) The passage of an electric current through a solution causes _________ effects.
(c) If you pass current through copper sulphate solution, copper gets deposited on the plate connected to the __________ terminal of the battery.
(d) The process of depositing a layer of any desired metal on another material by means of electricity is called _________.

Answer

(a) Most liquids that conduct electricity are solutions of acids, bases and salts.
(b) The passage of an electric current through a solution causes chemical effects.
(c) If you pass current through copper sulphate solution, copper gets deposited on the plate connected to the negative terminal of the battery.
(d) The process of depositing a layer of any desired metal on another material by means of electricity is called electroplating.

2. When the free ends of a tester are dipped into a solution, the magnetic needle shows deflection. Can you explain the reason?

Answer

Electric current produces magnetic effect which causes deflection of the magnetic needle of a compass. So, when the free ends of a tester are dipped into a solution which is a good conductor of electricity, the needle shows deflection.

3. Name three liquids, which when tested in the manner shown in Fig. 14.9, may cause the magnetic needle to deflect.
Fig 14.9

Answer

Liquids like lemon juice, salt water and vegetable oil allow electricity to pass through them. Hence, these liquids can be used as in the beaker to show the given effect.

Page No: 181

4. The bulb does not glow in the setup shown in Fig. 14.10. List the possible reasons. Explain your answer.

Answer

There could be several possible reasons for not glowing of the bulb:
→ The bulb may be fused.
→ Even after replacing the bulb if it does not glow, then the connection may be loose or faulty.
→ Even after checking and repairing the connections if the bulb does not glow that means the solution does not conduct electricity.

5. A tester is used to check the conduction of electricity through two liquids, labelled A and B. It is found that the bulb of the tester glows brightly for liquid A while it glows very dimly for liquid B. You would conclude that
(i) liquid A is a better conductor than liquid B.
(ii) liquid B is a better conductor than liquid A.
(iii) both liquids are equally conducting.
(iv) conducting properties of liquid cannot be compared in this manner.
► (i) liquid A is a better conductor than liquid B.

6. Does pure water conduct electricity? If not, what can we do to make it conducting?

Answer

No. Pure water does not conduct electricity. Pure water can conduct electricity when a pinch of common salt is added to it, as salt solution is conducting in nature.

7. In case of a fire, before the firemen use the water hoses, they shut off the main electrical supply for the area. Explain why they do this.

Answer

Water may conduct electricity. If the electrical supply for the area is not shut off and water is poured over electrical appliances, then electricity may pass through water and harm the firemen. That is why, in case of a fire, the firemen shut off the main electrical supply for the area before they use the water hoses.

8. A child staying in a coastal region tests the drinking water and also the seawater with his tester. He finds that the compass needle deflects more in the case of seawater. Can you explain the reason?

Answer

Sea water contains more dissolved salts than the drinking water. Hence, it is more conducting than the drinking water. Because of this reason, the compass needle deflects more in seawater than in the drinking water.

9. Is it safe for the electrician to carry out electrical repairs outdoors during heavy downpour? Explain.

Answer

No, it is very risky and unsafe for the electrician to carry out electrical repairs outdoors during heavy downpour because rain water contains dissolved salts. Therefore, rain water can conduct electricity. The electrician may get electrical shocks while working outdoors during rain.

10. Paheli had heard that rain water is as good as distilled water. So, she collected some rain water in a clean glass tumbler and tested it using a tester. To her surprise, she found that the compass needle showed deflection. What could be the reasons?

Answer

Rain water contains dissolved salts. This makes it a conducting solution. There are no dissolved salts present in the distilled water. Hence, rain water can allow electricity to pass through it while distilled water cannot.

11. Prepare a list of objects around you that are electroplated.

Answer

→ Cars bumpers and cycles handles are chromium plated to give them shiny appearance.
→ Artificial jewellery items are gold or silver plated.
→ Iron used in constructing a building is coated with a layer of zinc to protect it from rusting.

12. The process that you saw in Activity 14.7 is used for purification of copper. A thin plate of pure copper and a thick rod of impure copper are used as electrodes. Copper from impure rod is sought to be transferred to the thin copper plate. Which electrode should be attached to the positive terminal of the battery and why?

Answer

Copper ion is positively charged. It is attracted towards the plate which is connected to the negative terminal of the battery. As copper ions are transferred to the thin copper plate, this thin pure copper plate must be connected to the negative terminal of the battery. Consequently, impure copper rod is connected to the positive terminal of the battery.

Go Back To NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions


Detailed explanation provided under each NCERT solutions will help in understanding the concepts better. It will be useful in expanding student's horizon as it cover variety of questions. Your marks play an important role in shaping future thus these NCERT Solutions for Science will become your comprehensive guide in easy learning and evaluating yourself.

Class 8 Science Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current NCERT Questions and Answers - Topics


• Do Liquids Conduct Electricity?
• Chemical Effects of Electric Current
• Electroplating

Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science  - Notes


• The materials which allow electric current to pass through them are called good conductors of electricity. For example, metals like copper and aluminium.

• Liquids which contain salt dissolved in them conduct electricity. The conduction of electricity through a liquid can be tested using two electrodes and a bulb.

• Tap water, acid solutions, basic solutions etc. are good conductors of electricity. Distilled water is poor conductor of electricity because in no salt is present in distilled water.

• When electric current is passed through a conducting solution, some chemical reaction takes place.

• Electrodes are conducting materials through which current enters or leaves a substance.

• The process of depositing a layer of any desired metal on another material by means of electricity is called electroplating. Electroplating is done to make the metals shiny. Electroplating is done over the articles made of iron to make the iron shiny and to prevent iron from getting rusted.

Chapter 14 Chemical Effects of Electric Current Class 8 Science Questions and Answers - MCQ Questions with answers


1. What are insulators?
a) Materials that conduct electricity
b) Materials that do not conduct electricity
c) Materials that conduct electricity only at low temperatures
d) Materials that conduct electricity at room temperature
► b) Materials that do not conduct electricity

2. Which of the following object is generally electroplated?
a) Cycle handle
b) Plough
c) Frying pan
d) Car engine
► a) Cycle handle

3. Which of the following is the electrolyte in a dry cell?
a) Copper sulphate
b) Zinc sulphate
c) Sulphuric acid
d) Ammonium chloride
► d) Ammonium chloride

4. Electroplating is done 
a) To protect the metals against corrosion
b) To give shiny appearance to articles
c) To repair the worn out materials
d) All of the above
► d) All of the above

5. Which of the appliances at your home does not run on electric current?
a) Television
b) Mixer grinder
c) Air conditioner
d) Gas burner
► d) Gas burner

6. The substance through which current can flow easily are called
a) Good conductor
b) Insulator
c) Resistor
d) Poor conductor
► a) Good conductor

7. Heating effect of electric current is used in
a) Electric motor
b) Electric bulb
c) Electric generator
d) Solar cell
► b) Electric bulb

8. Fuse wire is used in electric circuit to prevent
a) Electrical appliances and circuit from high current
b) Prevent the insulator
c) Us from electric shock
d) Prevent the ammeter
► a) Electrical appliances and circuit from high current

9. Which of the following energy conversions takes place in a cell?
a) Electrical energy into chemical energy
b) Chemical energy into electrical energy
c) Magnetic energy into electrical energy
d) Electrical energy into mechanical energy
► b) Chemical energy into electrical energy

10. The passage of an electric current through a solution causes
a) Heating effect
b) Lighting effect
c) Chemical effect
d) All of the above
► c) Chemical effect

Chapter 14 NCERT Questions and Answers can be used to enrich knowledge and make lessons for learners more exciting. These NCERT Solutions are prepared as per the accordance of latest CBSE guidelines so you can score maximum marks. It will make you understand the topics in most simple manner and grasp it easily to perform better.

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