# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light

You will find NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light are curated by the experts in a comprehensive which can be helpful in clearing your doubts instantly. You develop the ability to effectively respond to the high end questions that you’re confronted with. NCERT Solutions is an effective method for learning since you can be able to learn a lot within a short time. It will allow students to cover the entire syllabus effectively without any frustration.

Chapter 16 Light NCERT Questions and Answers can be used to enrich knowledge and make lessons for learners more exciting. It will improve your awareness skills sharply and you can easily memorize more things precisely. In the examinations, you will can come up with better answers and lay out the main point effectively.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light

Chapter 16 Light Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions will prepare yourself well before examinations and help in improving the student's experience. These are helpful in building a great foundation of concepts and make easy for the students to understand basics. It can be used to enrich knowledge and make lessons for learners more exciting.

Study Material for Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light

Page No: 212

Exercises

1. Suppose you are in a dark room. Can you see objects in the room? Can you see objects outside the room? Explain.

We can see any object, when light reflected by that object reaches our eyes. But in the dark room, no light is reflected by the object so we are unable to see objects in dark room. If there is light present outside the room, then we can see the objects outside the room.

2. Differentiate between regular and diffused reflection. Does diffused reflection mean the failure of the laws of reflection?

Regular reflection Diffused reflection
1. When all the parallel rays reflected from a plane surface are parallel, the reflection is known as regular reflection When all the parallel rays reflected from a plane surface are not parallel, the reflection is known as diffused or irregular reflection
2. It takes place from a smooth or regular surface It takes place from a rough surface
3. Images are formed by regular reflection. Images are not formed by irregular reflection.

The diffused reflection is not due to the failure of laws of reflection but caused by irregularities in the reflecting surface.

3. Mention against each of the following whether regular or diffused reflection will take place when a beam of light strikes. Justify your answer in each case.
(a) Polished wooden table
(b) Chalk powder
(c) Cardboard surface
(d) Marble floor with water spread over it
(e) Mirror
(f) Piece of paper

(a) Regular reflection
A polished surface is an example of a smooth surface. A polished wooden table has a smooth surface. Hence, reflections from the polished table will be regular.

(b) Diffused reflection
Chalk power spread on a surface is an example of an irregular surface. It is not smooth. Therefore, diffused reflection will take place from chalk powder.

(c) Diffused reflection
Cardboard surface is also an example of an irregular surface. Hence, diffused reflection will take place from a cardboard surface.

(d) Regular reflection
Marble floor with water spread over it is an example of a regular surface. This is because water makes the marble surface smooth. Hence, regular reflection will take place from this surface.

(e) Regular reflection
Mirror has a smooth surface. Therefore, it will give a regular reflection.

(f) Diffused reflection
Although a piece of paper may look smooth, but it has many irregularities on its surface. Due to this reason, it will give a diffused reflection.

4. State the laws of reflection.

Laws of reflection are:
→ The angle of reflection is always equal to the angle of incidence.
→ The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal to the reflective surface at the point of incidence all lie in the same plane.

5. Describe an activity to show that the incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal at the point of incidence lie in the same plane.

Place a plane mirror on the table. Take a paper sheet and make a small hole in its centre. Make sure that the light in the room is not bright. Hold the sheet normal to the table. Take another sheet and place it on the table in contact with the vertical mirror. Draw a normal line on the second sheet from the mirror. Now, light a torch on the mirror through the small hole such that the ray of light falls on the normal at the bottom of the mirror. When the ray from this hole is incident on the mirror, it gets reflected in a certain direction. You can easily observe the incident ray, reflected ray and the normal to the mirror at the point of incidence on the sheet placed on the table. This shows that the incident ray, the reflected ray, and the normal to the surface at the point of incidence all lie in the same plane.

6. Fill in the blanks in the following.
(a) A person 1 m in front of a plane mirror seems to be ________ m away from his image.
(b) If you touch your ________ ear with your right hand in front of a plane mirror, it will be seen in the mirror that your right ear is touched with your _________.
(c) The size of the pupil becomes ________ when you see in dim light.
(d) Night birds have _________ cones than rods in their eyes.

(a) A person 1 m in front of a plane mirror seems to be 2 m away from his image.
(b) If you touch your left ear with your right hand in front of a plane mirror, it will be seen in the mirror that your right ear is touched with your left hand.
(c) The size of the pupil becomes large when you see in dim light.
(d) Night birds have less cones than rods in their eyes.

7. Angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection.
(a) Always
(b) Sometimes
(c) Under special conditions
(d) Never
► (a) Always

8. Image formed by a plane mirror is
(a) virtual, behind the mirror and enlarged.
(b) virtual, behind the mirror and of the same size as the object.
(c) real at the surface of the mirror and enlarged.
(d) real, behind the mirror and of the same size as the object.
► (b) virtual, behind the mirror and of the same size as the object.

9. Describe the construction of a kaleidoscope.

Three rectangular mirror strips of dimensions 15cm x 4cm (l x b) are joined together to form a prism. This prism is fixed into a circular cardboard tube. The circular cardboard tube should be slightly longer that the prism. This circular tube is now closed at one end with a cardboard disc. This disc has a hole in it through which we can see .At the other end of the circular tube, a plane glass plate is fixed. It is important that this glass plate touches the prism mirrors. On this glass plate, several small and broken pieces of coloured glass are placed. This end is now closed by a round glass plate allowing enough space for the coloured glass pieces to move.

10. Draw a labelled sketch of the human eye.

Page No: 213

11. Gurmit wanted to perform Activity 16.8 using a laser torch. Her teacher advised her not to do so. Can you explain the basis of the teacher's advice?

Laser light is harmful for the human eyes, because its intensity is very high. It can cause damage to the retina and lead to blindness. Hence, it is advisable not to look at a laser beam directly.

12. Explain how you can take care of your eyes.

We can take care of eyes by:
→ Visit an eye specialist regularly.
→ Avoid reading in dim light and very bright light.
→ Avoid direct exposure of sunlight to the eye.
→ Clean your eyes with cold water quickly if dust particles or small insects enter your eye. Do not rub your eyes.
→ Maintain a distance of at least 25 cm between the book and your eyes while reading.

13. What is the angle of incidence of a ray if the reflected ray is at an angle of 90° to the incident ray?

As per the laws of reflection
The angle of incidence ∠i = angle of reflection ∠r
Here as given ∠i + ∠r = 90°
∴ ∠i + ∠i = 90 °
or ∠i = 90/2 = 45 °
Hence angle of incidence of a ray = 45 degree

14. How many images of a candle will be formed if it is placed between two parallel plane mirrors separated by 40 cm?

Infinite images of the candle will be formed due to parallel mirrors.

15. Two mirrors meet at right angles. A ray of light is incident on one at an angle of 30° as shown in Fig. 16.19. Draw the reflected ray from the second mirror.

The first law of reflection is used to obtain the path of reflected light.

It can be observed that the given ray of light will reflect from the second mirror at an angle 60°.

16. Boojho stands at A just on the side of a plane mirror as shown in Fig. 16.20. Can he see himself in the mirror? Also can he see the image of objects situated at P, Q and R?

A plane mirror forms a virtual image behind the mirror. The image is as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of it. A cannot see his image because the length of the mirror is too short on his side. However, he can see the objects placed at points P and Q, but cannot see the object placed at point R (as shown in the given figure).

17. (a) Find out the position of the image of an object situated at A in the plane mirror (Fig. 16.21).
(b) Can Paheli at B see this image?
(c) Can Boojho at C see this image?
(d) When Paheli moves from B to C, where does the image of A move?

(a) Image of the object placed at A is formed behind the mirror. The distance of the image from the mirror is equal to the distance of A from the mirror. Image of A is shown in the given figure

(b) Yes. Paheli at B can see this image.

(c) Yes. Boojho at C can see this image.

(d) Image of the object at A will not move. It will remain at the same position when Paheli moves from B to C.

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## Chapter 16 Light Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions

Through these NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 16, students should not waste time and adopt a strategy that helps them operate and learn at maximum efficiency. Students will develop the ability to identify what improvements and changes need to be made. It will improve your awareness skills sharply and you can easily memorize more things precisely. You can pinpoint your weaknesses and prepare accordingly to change it in a positive way.

### Class 8 Science Chapter 16 Light NCERT Questions and Answers - Topics

• What makes Things Visible
• Laws of Reflection
• Regular and Diffused Reflection
• Reflected Light Can be Reflected Again
• Multiple Images
→ Kaleidoscope
• Sunlight — White or Coloured
• What is inside Our Eyes?
• Care of the Eyes
• Visually Impaired Persons Can Read and Write
• What is the Braille System?

### Chapter 16 Light NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science  - Notes

• Light is a form of energy, which induces the sensation of vision in our eyes and makes us able to see various things present in our surrounding.

• After striking the mirror, the ray of light is reflected in another direction. The light ray, which strikes any surface, is called the incident ray. The ray that comes back from the surface after reflection is known as the reflected ray.

• A line making an angle of 90Âº to the line representing the mirror at the point where the incident ray strikes the mirror. This line is known as the normal to the reflecting surface at that point.

• The angle between the normal and incident ray is called the angle of incidence (∠i).

• The angle between the normal and the reflected ray is known as the angle of reflection (∠r).

• The angle of incidence is always equal to the angle of reflection.

• The incident ray, the normal at the point of incidence and the reflected ray all lie in the same plane.

• An image formed by a mirror the left of the object appears on the right and the right appears on the left. This is known as lateral inversion.

• When all the parallel rays reflected from a rough or irregular surface are not parallel, the reflection is known as diffused or irregular reflection.

• Reflection from a smooth surface like that of a mirror is called regular reflection .

• The periscope makes use of two plane mirrors placed in ‘z’ shaped box at 45Âº angle.

• Kaleidoscope is based on the principle of multiple reflections. It consists of three plane mirror strips arranged at 60Âº angle to each other in a hard cardboard tube.

• Structure of the eye :
→ The outer coat of the eye is white. Its transparent front part is called cornea.

→ Iris is a dark muscular structure present behind cornea is called iris. The colour of the iris determines the colour of the eye.

→ Pupil is a small opening in the iris. The size of the pupil is controlled by the iris. Thus, iris controls the amount of light entering into the eye.

→ Eye Lens is a double convex lens situated behind the iris. The eye lens has the capacity to change its focal length. So that it can focus the images of objects at different distances on the retina of the eye.

• The lens focuses light on the back of the eye, on a layer called retina. The retina contains several
nerve cells. Sensations felt by the nerve cells are then transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve.

• There are two kinds of cells–
→ cones, which are sensitive to bright light and
→ rods, which are sensitive to dim light.

• At the junction of the optic nerve and the retina, there are no rods and cones. So no vision is possible at that spot. This spot is called blind spot. Yellow spot is located at the centre of the retina. It has maximum concentration of light sensitive cells.

• The most comfortable distance at which one can read with a normal eye is about 25 cm.

• Lack of vitamin A in foodstuff is responsible for many eye troubles. Most common amongst them is night blindness.

• The most popular resource for visually challenged persons is Braille. The present system was adopted in 1932. Visually impaired people learn the Braille system by beginning with letters, then special characters and letter combinations.

### Chapter 16 Light Class 8 Science Questions and Answers - MCQ Questions with answers

1. What is the phenomenon of light bouncing back into the same medium called?
a) Reflection
b) Refraction
c) Dispersion
d) Splitting
► a) Reflection

2. Braille system is used by
a) Hearing impaired
b) Black people
c) Blind people
d) African people
► c) Blind people

3. From a source light travels as rays which are
a) Divergent
b) Convergent
c) Parallel
d) Diffused
► c) Parallel

4. An example of luminous object is
a) Star
b) Smooth surface
c) Mirror
d) Cloth
► a) Star

5. What is the perpendicular drawn at any point on a mirror called?
a) Incident ray
b) Reflected ray
c) Normal
d) Image
► c) Normal

6. What is the nature of image formed on the retina of human eye of an object?
a) Virtual and erect
b) Virtual and inverted
c) Real and erect
d) Real and inverted
► d) Real and inverted

7. Splitting of white rays of light into seven colours is called
a) Dispersion of light
b) Reflection of light
c) Refraction of light
d) Scattering of light
► a) Dispersion of light

8. What happens in lateral inversion?
a) The right side of the object will be on the right side of the image.
b) The left side of the object will be on the left side of the image.
c) The top of the object will be the bottom of the object.
d) The right side of the object will be on the left side of the image.
► d) The right side of the object will be on the left side of the image.

9. In a periscope, how are the reflecting mirrors arranged?
a) Perpendicular to each other
b) At an angle of 45°
c) At an angle of 90°
d) At an angle of 60°
► b) At an angle of 45°

10. Light always travels in straight line. This property is called
a) Rectilinear propagation of light
b) Dispersion of light
c) Convergence of light
d) Diversion of light
► a) Rectilinear propagation of light

NCERT Solutions for Science prepared by our experts try to provide all round clarity of questions. Class 8 NCERT Solutions is an effective method for learning since you can be le to learn a lot within a short time. Detailed explanation provided under each solutions will help in understanding the concepts better.