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Visualising the Nation - Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History

Here you will get to learn topic Visualising the Nation in detailed manner which is a part of Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History. You will easily memorize important dates and events so you will be very confident about your understanding by now. It is quite easy to retain the answers once you are fully aware of the concept thus notes can be beneficial for you.



Visualising the Nation - Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History

Visualising the Nation - Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 History


• During French revolution, the political words such as justice, liberty, equality which were represented through symbols. 

• The features of Liberty were the red cap, or the broken chain Justice is shown by a blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales.

• This was done because we connect more with images than words and also it help in spreading the ideas among the masses which could not read and write.

Personifying the nations

• Nation or a nation state seemed as abstract form. Artists in the 18th and 19th centuries found a way, by personifying a nation. In other words, they represented the country, as if it were a person. Nations were portrayed as female figures.

• These females did not exist in real life but present the abstract idea of the nation in visible form. Thus, the female figure became an allegory of the nation.

Allegory

• Allegory is a representation of an abstract idea through a person or a thing. An allegorical story has two meanings, one literal and one symbolic.

Marianne

• Marianne is a popular Christian name which became female allegory of France. 

• Her characteristics were drawn from those of Liberty and the Republic. 

→ Red cap that symbolises liberty, the tricolour, the cockade symbolises French republic. 

→ It became national symbol unity and people can identify them with it.

→ The statues of Marianne were established in public locations 

→ The images of Marianne were also marked on coins and stamps in France.

Germania

• Germania became the allegory of the German nation. 

• The features of Germania was warlike woman. Germania wears a crown of oak leaves, as the German oak stands for heroism.

• In post-1871 depiction, she is shown as holding a black, white and red flag of the German Empire.
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