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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes

You will get NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes will allow students to cover the entire syllabus effectively without any frustration. Through these NCERT Solutions for Science, students should not waste time and adopt a strategy that helps them operate and learn at maximum efficiency. These NCERT Solutions are prepared as per the accordance of latest CBSE guidelines so you can score maximum marks.

These NCERT Solutions for Class 7 are helpful resources that can help you not only cover the entire syllabus but also provide in depth analysis of the topics. It will help in developing a wider body of knowledge when you’re brainstorming a solution. NCERT Solutions prepared by our experts try to provide all round clarity of questions.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes


NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 6 will improve your awareness skills sharply and you can easily memorize more things precisely. In the examinations, you will can come up with better answers and lay out the main point effectively. NCERT Textbook will provide you with a lot of interesting topics thus these NCERT Solutions for Class 7 will be useful in understanding in depth concepts well.

 Study Material for Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes

Page No: 65

Exercises

1. Classify the changes involved in the following processes as physical or chemical changes:
(a) Photosynthesis
(b) Dissolving sugar in water
(c) Burning of coal
(d) Melting of wax
(e) Beating aluminium to make aluminium foil
(f) Digestion of food

Answer

(a) Photosynthesis → Chemical change

(b) Dissolving sugar in water → Physical change

(c) Burning of coal → Chemical change

(d) Melting of wax → Physical change

(e) Beating aluminium to make aluminium foil → Physical change

(f) Digestion of food → Chemical change

2. State whether the following statements are true or false. In case a statement is false, write the corrected statement in your notebook.
(a) Cutting a log of wood into pieces is a chemical change. (True/False)
(b) Formation of manure from leaves is a physical change. (True/False)
(c) Iron pipes coated with zinc do not get rusted easily. (True/False)
(d) Iron and rust are the same substances. (True/False)
(e) Condensation of steam is not a chemical change. (True/False)

Answer

(a) False 
Cutting a log of wood into pieces is a physical change.

(b) False 
Formation of manure from leaves is a chemical change.

(c) True

(d) False 
Iron and rust are different substances. Rust is oxide of iron (Fe2O3)

(e) True 

Page No: 66

3. Fill in the blanks in the following statements:

(a) When carbon dioxide is passed through lime water, it turns milky due to the formation of _________.
(b) The chemical name of baking soda is _________.
(c) Two methods by which rusting of iron can be prevented are _________ and _________.
(d) Changes in which only _________ properties of a substance change are called physical changes.
(e) Changes in which new substances are formed are called _________ changes.

Answer

(a) When carbon dioxide is passed through limewater, it turns milky due to the formation of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).

(b) The chemical name of baking soda is sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3).

(c) Two methods by which rusting of iron can be prevented are galvanization and painting.

(d) Changes in which only physical properties of a substance change are called physical changes.

(e) Changes in which new substances are formed are called chemical changes.

 4. When baking soda is mixed with lemon juice, bubbles are formed with the evolution of a gas. What type of change is it? Explain.

Answer

When baking soda is mixed with lemon juice, the bubbles which are formed with the evolution of a gas is due to the evolution of carbon dioxide gas. Since, there is formation of a new substance in this reaction, it is a chemical change.

5. When a candle burns, both physical and chemical changes take place. Identify these changes. Give another example of a familiar process in which both the chemical and physical changes take place.

Answer

When a candle burns, both physical and chemical changes take place.
The melting wax is physical change as there is no formation of new product.
The burning of wax is chemical change as light is lit up by consuming the energy from wax.
Cooking of food is both physical and chemical because raw vegetables get cooked which is a chemical change and the water changes into steam which is a physical change.

6. How would you show that setting of curd is a chemical change?

Answer

The curd is formed from milk. Both curd and milk have different properties. Also, once the curd is formed it cannot be reversed back into milk. So, there is formation of new substance with different properties and also an irreversible process, setting of curd is a chemical change.

7. Explain why burning of wood and cutting it into small pieces are considered as two different types of changes.

Answer

When we burn wood, it turns into ashes which is a new substance and process is irreversible one, hence is a chemical change. While cutting the wood into small pieces no new substance is formed, hence is a physical change.

8. Describe how crystals of copper sulphate are prepared.

Answer

Crystals of copper sulphate are prepared by the method of crystallization.
The process is as followed:
Step 1: A cupful of water in a beaker is taken.
Step 2: Few drops of dilute sulphuric acid is added to it.
Step 3: Water is heated and when it starts boiling copper sulphate powder is added slowly while    stirring till no more copper sulphate powder dissolved in it.
Step 4: Solution is filtered and let it cool without disturbance. After some time the crystals of copper can be observed in it.

9. Explain how painting of an iron gate prevents it from rusting.

Answer

Painting of an iron gate prevents it from rusting because it cut the direct contact of iron from the environment and therefore there is no further exposure of iron to oxygen in moisture which is the causes for rusting.

10. Explain why rusting of iron objects is faster in coastal areas than in deserts.

Answer

Iron objects get rusted because of the reaction with oxygen present in moist air. In coastal areas, the presence of moisture is more because of sea or ocean while in deserts the air is dry and hot. Therefore, rusting of iron objects is faster in coastal areas than in deserts due to presence of moisture.

11. The gas we use in the kitchen is called liquified petroleum gas (LPG). In the cylinder it exist as a liquid. When it comes out from the cylinder it becomes a gas (Change–A) then it burns (Change–B). The following statements pertain to these changes. Choose the correct one.
(i) Process – A is a chemical change.
(ii) Process – B is a chemical change.
(iii) Both processes A and B are chemical changes.
(iv) None of these processes is a chemical change.

Answer

(ii) Process – B is a chemical change.

12. Anaerobic bacteria digest animal waste and produce biogas (Change –A). The biogas is then burnt as fuel (Change –B). The following statements pertain to these changes. Choose the correct one.
(i) Process – A is a chemical change.
(ii) Process – B is a chemical change.
(iii) Both processes A and B are chemical changes.
(iv) None of these processes is a chemical change.

Answer

(iii) Both processes A and B are chemical changes.


Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes Class 7 Science NCERT Solutions


Class 7 NCERT Solutions is an effective method for learning since you can be le to learn a lot within a short time. Students can cross check their answers and also whether they learned it properly or not. Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes Class 7 Science NCERT Questions and Answers will allow the students to evaluate their learning almost immediately.

Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes NCERT Questions and Answers - Topics


• Physical Changes
• Chemical Change
• Rusting of Iron
• Crystallisation

Class 7 Science Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes NCERT Questions and Answers - Notes


• All changes that you see can be broadly divided into physical and chemical changes.

• Properties such as shape, size, colour and state of a substance are called its physical properties.

→ A change in which a substance undergoes a change in its physical properties is called a physical change. A physical change is generally reversible. In such a change no new substance is formed.

→ Crystallisation is a physical change, since the process involves a change in the state of matter. No new substance is created in the process of crystallisation. Some substances can be obtained in pure state from their solutions by crystallisation.

• A chemical change is permanent. A new substance is formed. Forms of energy, such as heat, light or electricity, may be emitted or absorbed during a chemical reaction.

→ Water and oxygen in the air react with iron to create a new substance called rust and the process is called rusting.

→ The rusting of iron can be prevented by coating iron with something else, such as paint, or with zinc through a process called galvanisation.

Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes Class 7 Science Questions and Answers - MCQ Questions with answers


1. Crystals of copper sulphate are prepared by the method of
(a) Fractional distillation
(b) Distillation
(c) Solidification
(d) Crystallization
► (d) Crystallization

2. Which of the following is a reversible change?
(a) Melting of ice
(b) Germination of seed
(c) Burning of matchstick
(d) Changing of milk into curd
► (a) Melting of ice

3. Which of these is the smallest particle?
(a) A molecule
(b) An atom
(c) A speck of dust
(d) A water drop
► (b) An atom

4. The product formed by dissolving a substance into another is called
(a) Solution
(b) Compound
(c) Mixture
(d) Solvent
► (a) Solution

5. What property stays the same during physical and chemical changes?
(a) Density
(b) Shape
(c) Mass
(d) Arrangement of particle
► (c) Mass

6. Which of the following changes is accompanied by sound?
(a) Photosynthesis
(b) Spoilage of food
(c) Explosion of fire works
(d) None of the above
► (c) Explosion of fire works

7. Expansion on heating and contraction on cooling of metals is a:
(a) Chemical change
(b) Physical change
(c) Irreversible change
(d) None of the above
► (b) Physical change

8. The chemical name of Baking soda is
(a) Sodium hydrogen carbonates
(b) Sodium carbonate
(c) Calcium hydrogen carbonate
(d) Calcium carbonate
► (a) Sodium hydrogen carbonates

9. In a chemical change
(a) Molecule of substance do not change
(b) Substance remain the same
(c) Molecule of substance change
(d) Change is reversible
► (c) Molecule of substance change

10. One or more new substances are formed due to
(a) Physical change
(b) Chemical change
(c) Biological change
(d) State variation
► (b) Chemical change

Given NCERT Solutions are available in understandable language in order to be effective and perform better in the class. Students will develop the ability to identify what improvements and changes need to be made. Your marks play an important role in shaping future thus these NCERT Solutions for Science will become your comprehensive guide in easy learning and evaluating yourself.

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