MCQ Questions for Class 10 History: Ch 1 Rise of Nationalism in Europe

MCQ Questions for Class 10 History: Ch 1 Rise of Nationalism in Europe

1. Nationalism brought about in Europe the emergence of :
(a) The Nation State
(b) The Modern State
(c) Multinational Dynastic State
(d) Alliances formed among many European states
► (a) The Nation State

2. The  first  clear  expression of Nationalism in Europe came with :
(a) The American Revolution
(b) The French Revolution
(c) The Russian Revolution
(d) The Industrial Revolution
► (b) The French Revolution

3. The ideas of a United Community enjoying equal rights under a Constitution were expressed by the French as :
(a) La Patrie
(b) Le Citoyen
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
► (c) Both (a) and (b)

4. Frederic Serrieu, a French artist, in his series of four prints (1848) visualised his dream of a world as:
(a) A world made up of ‘democratic and social republics’
(b) A world made up of one nation, one world
(c) A world with one absolute ruler
(d) A world following one religion, one language
► (a) A world made up of ‘democratic and social republics’

5. What kind of political and constitutional change was brought about by the French Revolution?
(a) It ended the absolute monarchy
(b) It transferred power to a body of the French citizens
(c) It proclaimed that henceforth people would constitute the nation and shape its destiny
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

6. The Civil Code of 1804, also known as the Napoleonic Code, established :
(a) Equality before the law
(b) Secured the right to property
(c) Did away with all the privileges based on birth
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

7. Socially and politically dominant class in Europe during mid-eighteenth century was __________ .
(a) The Nobility
(b) The landed aristocracy
(c) The Church
(d) The absolute monarchs
► (a) The Nobility

8. All the new regimes, set up in 1815, were autocratic because:
(a) They did not tolerate criticism and dissent
(b) They imposed censorship laws to control what was said in newspapers, plays, songs etc.
(c) They curbed activities which questioned their legitimacy
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

9. Name one kind of revolt that started in Europe in 1848.
(a) Linguistic Revolt in Germany
(b) Artisans, industrial workers and peasants revolted against economic hardships
(c) Revolt  against  monarchy  in Switzerland
(d) Revolt for freedom in Greece
► (b) Artisans, industrial workers and peasants revolted against economic hardships

10. In politics, liberalism emphasised ______________ .
(a) End of autocracy and clerical privileges, a constitution and a representative government through Parliament
(b) The inviolability of private property
(c) The right to vote
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

11. Which new spirit guided European nations after Napoleon’s defeat?
(a) Fascism
(b) Conservatism
(c) Nazism
(d) Communism
► (b) Conservatism

12. The denial of universal suffrage in Europe, led to _________________.
(a) Revolutions
(b) Women and non-propertied men organising opposition movements, demanding equal rights throughout 19th and early 20th centuries
(c) Demand of equal political rights
(d) Return of monarchy
► (b) Women and non-propertied men organising opposition movements, demanding equal rights throughout 19th and early 20th centuries

13. The three leaders who helped unification of Italy were :
(a) Giuseppe Mazzini, Victor Emmanuel II, Cavour
(b) Giuseppe Mazzini, Cavour, Giuseppe Garibaldi
(c) Victor Emmanuel, Bismarck, Cavour
(d) None of the above
► (b) Giuseppe Mazzini, Cavour, Giuseppe Garibaldi

14. In the 19th century, the French artists symbolised the French nation as :
(a) Marianne, a popular Christian name for women
(b) Marianne, a female figure, with a red cap, the tricolour and the cockade
(c) As a female named Marianne, with characteristics of liberty (a red cap, a broken chair) and the Republic (the red cap, tricolour and the cockade)
(d) All the above
► (c) As a female named Marianne, with characteristics of liberty (a red cap, a broken chair) and the Republic (the red cap, tricolour and the cockade)

15. Repression of liberal revolutionaries after 1815, in Europe, led to
(a) Armies  being  trained  by revolutionaries
(b) All revolutionaries trained to overthrow monarchy
(c) Secret societies being formed in many European states to train revolutionaries and spread their ideas
(d) All the above
► (c) Secret societies being formed in many European states to train revolutionaries and spread their ideas

16. The Nationalist Greeks got the support of the West European nations because :
(a) They were fighting against the Muslim Ottoman Empire
(b) They had sympathies for ancient Greek culture
(c) Greece was considered the cradle of European civilisation
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

17. The purpose behind the painting “The Massacre at Chios” by Eugene Delacroix, 1824, was:
(a) To appeal to the emotions of the spectators and create sympathy for the Greeks
(b) To dramatise the incident in which 20,000 Greeks were killed
(c) To focus on the suffering of women and children
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

18. German philosopher Johann Gotfried Herder claimed that true German culture was discovered through
(a) Folk songs, folk poetry, folk dances
(b) Common people — das volk
(c) Vernacular language
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

19. Cavour’s contribution to Italian unification was :
(a) Diplomatic alliance with the enemies of Austria
(b) War with Austrians and Bourbons.
(c) Diplomatic alliance with France in 1859 and strengthening Sardinia and Piedmont
(d) Defeated the Bourbon kings
► (c) Diplomatic alliance with France in 1859 and strengthening Sardinia and Piedmont

20. Which one of the following is true regarding how the new artists depicted liberty during the French Revolution?
(a) As a female figure with a torch of enlightenment in one hand and the Charter of Rights of Man in the other hand.
(b) Blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales.
(c) The gold red and black tricolour.
(d) Rays of the rising sun.
► (a) As a female figure with a torch of enlightenment in one hand and the Charter of Rights of Man in the other hand.

21. Conservatives did not believe in establishing and preserving :
(a) the monarchy
(b) the democracy
(c) traditional institutions of state and society
(d) social hierarchies
► (b) the democracy

22. Which of the following powers was not interested in Balkan peninsula?
(a) England
(b) Germany
(c) Russia
(d) Japan
► (d) Japan

23. Which one of the following is not true regarding the history of the nationalist movement in Great Britain?
(a) It was the result of a long-drawn-out process and not of a sudden revolution.
(b) The wealthy and powerful English nation steadily extended its influence over the Welsh, the Scots and the Irish.
(c) Ireland and Scotland were equal partners in the union called the United Kingdoms.
(d) The British flag and national anthem were actively promoted in this Union.
► (c) Ireland and Scotland were equal partners in the union called the United Kingdoms.

24. Which one of the following is not regarding the reforms carried out by the Union called Zollverein?
(a) Creation of a network of railways to promote nationalism
(b) Opposition to unhindered movement of goods, people and capital in member states
(c) Reduction of tariff barriers in states
(d) Reduction of number of currencies in Germany
► (b) Opposition to unhindered movement of goods, people and capital in member states

25. Which of the following was the result of the Act of Union 1707?
(a) United Kingdom of Irish
(b) United Kingdom of Scotland
(c) United Kingdom of America
(d) United Kingdom of Great Britain
► (d) United Kingdom of Great Britain

26. What emerged as a force which brought about sweeping changes in the political and material world of Europe in the nineteenth century?
(a) The emergence of the nation state
(b) The multinational dynastic empire
(c) Territorial state
(d) Absolute monarchy
► (a) The emergence of the nation state

27. Which one of the following areas was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871?
(a) The Balkans
(b) The Romanians
(c) Great Britain
(d) Germania
► (a) The Balkans

28. Which one of the following is true regarding the ideas promoted by Mazzini?
(a) Opposition to monarchy and support to democratic republic
(b) To establish liberty and freedom under a monarchy
(c) Disintegration of the German confederation under 39 States
(d) Censorship of newspapers, books, plays and songs
► (a) Opposition to monarchy and support to democratic republic

29. Which one of the following was not the feature of Napoleonic Code?
(a) Equality before the law
(b) Universal Adult Franchise
(c) Right to Property
(d) No privileges based on birth
► (d) No privileges based on birth

30. Who amongst the following Italian leaders was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat?
(a) Mazzini
(b) Cavour
(b) Garibaldi
(d) Victor Emmanuel II
► (b) Cavour

31. Which one of the following was not implemented under the Treaty of Vienna of 1815?
(a) Restoration of Bourbon dynasty
(b) Setting up series of states on the boundaries of France
(c) Restoration of monarchies
(d) Diluting the German confederation of 39 states
► (d) Diluting the German confederation of 39 states

32. Which of the following treaty recognised Greece as an independent nation?
(a) Vienna Treaty of 1815
(b) Constantinople Treaty
(c) Diplomatic Treaty of Sardenia-Piedmont
(d) None of these
► (b) Constantinople Treaty

33. Who among the following was described as ‘the most dangerous enemy of social order’ by Duke Metternich?
(a) Louis Philippe
(b) Karol Kurpinski
(c) Giuseppe Mazzini
(d) Johann Gottfried
► (c) Giuseppe Mazzini

34. What did the ideas of la patrie and le citoyen  signify  in  the  French Revolution?
(a) The motherland and the children
(b) The fatherland and the citizens
(c) The community and the citizens
(d) The state and the community
► (b) The fatherland and the citizens

35. Which one of the following areas was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871?
(a) The Balkans
(b) The Romanians
(c) Great Britain
(d) Germania
► (a) The Balkans

36. The main function of the Prussian Zollverein was to:
(a) impose customs duty on imported goods
(b) abolish tarrif barriers
(c) reduce customs duties
(d) introduce new rules for trade
► (b) abolish tarrif barriers

37. ‘Young Italy’, the secret society of Italy, was set up by:
(a) Garibaldi
(b) Cavour
(c) Mazzini
(d) Victor Emmanuel II
► (c) Mazzini

38. Elle, the measuring unit in Germany was used to measure
(a) Cloth
(b) Thread
(c) Land
(d) Height
► (a) Cloth

39. Why was the treaty of Vienna (1815) drawn up?
(a) To establish tariff barriers
(b) To restore the monarchies
(c) To divide the German Confederation of 39 states
(d) To establish democracies
► (b) To restore the monarchies

40. Which of the following best explains a Utopian Society?
(a) A Society where everybody is equal
(b) A democratic society
(c) An idealist society which can never be achieved
(d) A society with a comprehensive constitution
► (c) An idealist society which can never be achieved

41. Who said “When France sneezes, the rest of the Europe catches cold”?
(a) Garibaldi
(b) Mazzini
(c) Metternich
(d) Bismarck
► (c) Metternich

42. What does a blindfolded woman carrying a pair of weighing scales symbolise?
(a) Peace
(b) Equality
(c) Justice
(d) Liberty
► (c) Justice

43. Which one of the following countries was appreciated as ‘Cradle of European Civilisation’ by poets and artists?
(a) Greece
(b) Italy
(c) France
(d) Switzerland
► (a) Greece

44. What does the crown of oak leaves worn by Germania stand for?
(a) Courage
(b) Heroism
(c) Freedom
(d) Unity
► (b) Heroism

45. Which one of the following is true regarding the Treaty of Constantinople of 1832 ?
(a) It recognised Turkey as an independent nation
(b) It recognised Germany as an independent nation
(c) It recognised France as an independent nation
(d) It recognised Greece as an independent nation
► (d) It recognised Greece as an independent nation

46. Who led the protest movement against the Protestants in Ireland?
(a) Garibaldi
(b) Wolfe Tone
(c) Mazzini
(d) Cavour
► (b) Wolfe Tone

47. Who among the following was associated with the Treaty of Vienna of 1815?
(a) Bismarck
(b) Duke Metternich
(c) Louis Philippe
(d) Victor Emmanuel II
► (b) Duke Metternich

48. Who led the protest movement against the Protestants in Ireland?
(a) Garibaldi
(b) Wolfe Tone
(c) Mazzini
(d) Cavour
► (b) Wolfe Tone
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