NCERT Physical Education Materials for Class 11 and Class 12

Physical Education: Class XI

It is common saying in Hindi, we use to often hear from our parents. “Padhoge Likhoge banoge Nawab, Kheloge-kudoge banoge Khraab”. It means if you will study well, you will leave like king. If you spend your time in games and sports, you will have no future. This statement has no significance in modern world. Importance of sports and Physical Education can be felt in every field. Games and sports teaches us discipline. They impart qualities of leadership, team spirit, and many soft skills in an individual. Now days, sports are considered as good carrier option for youth.
mportant portion of CBSE Class 11 Physical Education Syllabus is given below.

Unit I ‒ Changing Trends & Career in Physical Education 
• Meaning & definition of Physical Education
• Aims & Objectives of Physical Education
• Career Options in Physical Education
• Competitions in various sports at national and international level
• Khelo-India Program

Unit II ‒ Olympic Value Education 
• Olympics, Paralympics and Special Olympics
• Olympic Symbols, Ideals, Objectives & Values of Olympism
• International Olympic Committee
• Indian Olympic Association

Unit III ‒ Physical Fitness, Wellness & Lifestyle 
• Meaning & Importance of Physical Fitness, Wellness & Lifestyle
• Components of physical fitness and Wellness
• Components of Health related fitness

Unit IV ‒ Physical Education & Sports for CWSN (Children with Special Needs- Divyang) 
• Aims & objectives of Adaptive Physical Education
• Organization promoting Adaptive Sports (Special Olympics Bharat; Paralympics; Deaflympics)
• Concept of Inclusion, its need and Implementation
• Role of various professionals for children with special needs
(Counsellor, Occupational Therapist, Physiotherapist, Physical Education Teacher, Speech Therapist & special Educator)

Unit V ‒ Yoga 
• Meaning & Importance of Yoga
• Elements of Yoga
• Introduction - Asanas, Pranayam, Meditation & Yogic Kriyas
• Yoga for concentration & related Asanas (Sukhasana; Tadasana; Padmasana &
Shashankasana, Naukasana, Vrikshasana (Tree pose), Garudasana (Eagle pose)
• Relaxation Techniques for improving concentration – Yog-nidra

Unit VI ‒ Physical Activity & Leadership Training 
• Leadership Qualities & Role of a Leader
• Creating leaders through Physical Education
• Meaning, objectives & types of Adventure Sports (Rock Climbing, Tracking, River  Rafting, Mountaineering, Surfing and Para Gliding)
• Safety measures to prevent sports injuries

Unit VII ‒ Test, Measurement & Evaluation 
• Define Test, Measurement & Evaluation
• Importance of Test, Measurement & Evaluation In Sports
• Calculation of BMI & Waist - Hip Ratio
• Somato Types (Endomorphy, Mesomorphy & Ectomorphy)
• Measurement of health related fitness

Unit VIII ‒ Fundamentals of Anatomy, Physiology & Kinesiology in Sports 
• Definition and Importance of Anatomy, Physiology & Kinesiology
• Function of Skeleton System, Classification of Bones & Types of Joints
• Properties and Functions of Muscles
• Function & Structure of Respiratory System and Circulatory System
• Equilibrium – Dynamic & Static And Centre of Gravity and its application in sports

Unit IX ‒ Psychology & Sports 
• Definition & Importance of Psychology in Phy. Edu. & Sports
• Define & Differentiate Between Growth & Development
• Developmental Characteristics At Different Stages of Development
• Adolescent Problems & Their Management

Unit X ‒ Training and Doping in Sports 
• Meaning & Concept of Sports Training
• Principles of Sports Training
• Warming up & limbering down
• Skill, Technique & Style
• Concept & classification of doping
• Prohibited Substances & their side effects
• Dealing with alcohol and substance abuse

Physical Education in Class XII

In class XII, Physical Education is consiedered as a subject to enhance your percentage. Its true. But in todays world, we should take this subject seriously with taking its practical apsects in consideration.

Unit I Planning in Sports
• Meaning & Objectives of Planning
• Various Committees & its Responsibilities (pre; during & post)
• Tournament – Knock-Out, League or Round Robin & Combination
• Procedure to Draw Fixtures – Knock-Out (Bye & Seeding) & League (Staircase & Cyclic)
• Intramural & Extramural – Meaning, Objectives & Its Significance
• Specific Sports Programme (Sports Day, Health Run, Run For Fun, Run For Specific Cause & Run For Unity)

Unit II Sports & Nutrition 
• Balanced Diet & Nutrition: Macro & Micro Nutrients
• Nutritive & Non-Nutritive Components Of Diet
• Eating For Weight Control – A Healthy Weight, The Pitfalls of Dieting, Food Intolerance & Food Myths

Unit III Yoga & Lifestyle 
• Asanas as preventive measures
• Obesity: Procedure, Benefits & contraindications for Vajrasana, Hastasana, Trikonasana, Ardh Matsyendrasana
• Diabetes: Procedure, Benefits & contraindications for Bhujangasana, Paschimottasana, Pavan Muktasana, Ardh Matsyendrasana
• Asthema: Procedure, Benefits & contraindications for Sukhasana, Chakrasana, Gomukhasana, Parvatasana, Bhujangasana, Paschimottasana, Matsyasana
• Hypertension: Tadasana, Vajrasana, Pavan Muktasana, Ardha Chakrasana, Bhujangasana, Sharasana
• Back Pain: Tadasana, Ardh Matsyendrasana, Vakrasana, Shalabhasana, Bhujangasana

Unit IV Physical Education & Sports for CWSN (Children with Special Needs - Divyang) 
• Concept of Disability & Disorder
• Types of Disability, its causes & nature (cognitive disability, intellectual disability, physical disability)
• Types of Disorder, its cause & nature (ADHD, SPD, ASD, ODD, OCD)
• Disability Etiquettes
• Advantage of Physical Activities for children with special needs
• Strategies to make Physical Activities assessable for children with special need.

Unit V Children & Women in Sports 
• Motor development & factors affecting it
• Exercise Guidelines at different stages of growth & Development
• Common Postural Deformities - Knock Knee; Flat Foot; Round Shoulders; Lordosis, Kyphosis, Bow Legs and Scoliosis and their corrective measures
• Sports participation of women in India
• Special consideration (Menarch & Menstural Disfunction)
• Female Athletes Triad (Oestoperosis, Amenoria, Eating Disorders)

Unit VI Test & Measurement in Sports 
• Motor Fitness Test – 50 M Standing Start, 600 M Run/Walk, Sit & Reach, Partial Curl Up, Push Ups (Boys), Modified Push Ups (Girls), Standing Broad Jump, Agility – 4x10 M Shuttle Run
• General Motor Fitness – Barrow three item general motor ability (Standing Broad Jump, Zig Zag Run, Medicine Ball Put – For Boys: 03 Kg & For Girls: 01 Kg)
• Measurement of Cardio Vascular Fitness – Harvard Step Test/Rockport Test
Computation of Fitness Index: (Duration of the Exercise in Seconds x 100)/(5.5 x Pulse count of 1 1.5 Min after Exercise)
• Rikli & Jones - Senior Citizen Fitness Test 
1. Chair Stand Test for lower body strength
2. Arm Curl Test for upper body strength
3. Chair Sit & Reach Test for lower body flexibility
4. Back Scratch Test for upper body flexibility
5. Eight Foot Up & Go Test for agility
6. Six Minute Walk Test for Aerobic Endurance

Unit VII Physiology & Injuries in Sports 
• Physiological factor determining component of Physical Fitness
• Effect of exercise on Cardio Respiratory System
• Effect of exercise on Muscular System
• Physiological changes due to ageing
• Sports injuries: Classification (Soft Tissue Injuries:(Abrasion, Contusion, Laceration, Incision,
Sprain & Strain) Bone & Joint Injuries: (Dislocation, Fractures: Stress Fracture, Green Stick, Communated, Transverse Oblique & Impacted) Causes, Prevention& treatment
• First Aid – Aims & Objectives

Unit VIII Biomechanics & Sports 
• Meaning and Importance of Biomechanics in Sports
• Types of movements (Flexion, Extension, Abduction & Adduction)
• Newton’s Law of Motion & its application in sports
• Friction & Sports

Unit IX Psychology & Sports 
• Personality; its definition & types – Trait & Types (Sheldon & Jung Classification) & Big Five Theory
• Motivation, its type & techniques
• Exercise Adherence; Reasons to Exercise, Benefits of Exercise
• Strategies for Enhancing Adherence to Exercise
• Meaning, Concept & Types of Aggressions in Sports

Unit X Training in Sports 
• Strength – Definition, types & methods of improving Strength – Isometric, Isotonic & Isokinetic
• Endurance - Definition, types & methods to develop Endurance – Continuous Training, Interval Training & Fartlek Training
• Speed – Definition, types & methods to develop Speed – Acceleration Run & Pace Run
• Flexibility – Definition, types & methods to improve flexibility
• Coordinative Abilities – Definition & types
• Circuit Training - Introduction & its importance

I hope you would like the chapters, learn from them and impart these contents in your day to day life.

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