The Sense of Collective Belonging - Chapter 2 Nationalism in India Class 10 History

You will find The Sense of Collective Belonging topic on this page which is a part of Chapter 2 Nationalism in India Class 10 History that will help the students to recall information with more precision and faster. It will make you understand the various factors through which one can improve their efficiency. Through topic explain a student will be able to frame good answers in the examinations.

The Sense of Collective Belonging - Chapter 2 Nationalism in India Class 10 History

The Sense of Collective Belonging - Chapter 2 Nationalism in India Class 10 History

• Nationalism is sense of belonging to a nation. The sense of collective belonging came partly through the experience of united  struggles. But there were also a variety of cultural processes through which  nationalism captured imagination of the people.

• History and fiction, folklores and songs, popular prints and symbols, all play an important role in the making of nationalism.


• The nation is often represented as a symbol in the form of figures or images which helps to create an image with which people can identify the nation. In the 20th century, India came to be usually associated with the image of Bharat Mata.

→ The image of Bharat Mata was first created by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. In 1870, he wrote Vandematram, which was later included in the book Anandmath and was widely sung during the Swadeshi movement in Bengal.

→ Similarly, Abanindranath Tagore painted his painting of Bharat Mata. In this portrait, Bharat Mata is shown as serene and calm, spiritual and divine. Bharat Mata was shown as a mother figure, spreading knowledge, food and clothing. The rosary in one hand emphasises ascetic quality.

→ Later various other images of Bharat Mata were painted. For example, the painting of Bharat Mata with a trishul, standing beside a lion and an elephant-both symbols of power and authority.


• In late-nineteenth-century India, nationalists began recording folk tales sung by bards and they toured villages to gather folk songs and legends which gave a true picture of traditional culture that had been corrupted and damaged by outside forces.

→ In Bengal, Rabindranath Tagore himself began collecting ballads, nursery rhymes and myths, and led the movement for folk revival. 

→ In Madras, Natesa Sastri published a massive four-volume collection of Tamil folk tales, The Folklore of Southern India.

Icons and Symbols

• As the national movement developed, nationalist leaders became more and more aware of such icons and symbols in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of nationalism.

→During the Swadeshi movement in Bengal, a tricolour flag (red, green and yellow) was designed which had eight lotuses representing eight provinces of British India, and a crescent moon, representing Hindus and Muslims. 

→By 1921, Gandhiji had designed the Swaraj flag. It was again a tricolour (red, green and white) and had a spinning wheel in the centre.
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