Quick Revision Notes of Chapter 3 Nationalism in India for Board Exams| Class 10th 

• In India, the growth of modern nationalism is connected to the anti-colonical movement.

• The Indian National Congress under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi tried to unite the different group within one movement.

• Gandhiji's idea of Satyagraha highlighted the power of truth and the need to search for truth.
→ Gandhiji decided to oppose Satyagraha when British government imposed Rowlatt Act  in 1919.

• On 13th April 1919, Jalianwala massacre happened.

• The Non-Cooperation-Khilafat Movement began in January 1921 to bring the Hindus and the Muslims closer to each other.

• In February 1922, Mahatma Gandhi decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement.
→ After the incident of Chauri Chaura in 1922, Gandhiji decided to call off the movement.

• On 6th April, 1930 Gandhiji ceremonially violated the Salt 'Law and the Civil Disobedience Movement started.
→ Civil diobedience was a widespread movement however Dailts and large sections of Muslims did not pariticpate in the movement.

• Nationalist Movement spread a sense of collective belongingness among different regions and communities.

• In the 20th century, the identity of India symbolised in the image of Bharat Mata.
→ History and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols, all played a part in the making of nationalism.

Important Terms 

• Satyagrah - The idea of Satyagraha emphasised the power of Truth. It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then physical force was not necessary.

• Boycott- Withdraw from commercial or social relations with a country organization or person as a punishment or protest. 

• Swadeshi- One's own country. 

• Civil disobedience movement- It was started by Mahatma Gandhi People were called upon to disobey the British laws. 

• Khalifa- Spiritual Heads of Islamic world.

• Begar- Labour that villagers were forced to contribute without any payment Harijan-'Children of the God' term given by Gandhiji to the ill trodden of the society. 

• Harijan - This term means 'Children of the god' which was given by Gandhiji to the ill trodden of the society.

• Picketing-A form of demonstration or protest by which people block the entrance to a shop, factory or office.

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