Quick Revision Notes of Chapter 3 Nationalism in India for Board Exams| Class 10th

Quick Revision Notes of Chapter 3 Nationalism in India for Board Exams| Class 10th 

• In India, the growth of modern nationalism is connected to the anti-colonical movement.

• The Indian National Congress under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi tried to unite the different group within one movement.

• Gandhiji's idea of Satyagraha highlighted the power of truth and the need to search for truth.
→ Gandhiji decided to oppose Satyagraha when British government imposed Rowlatt Act  in 1919.

• On 13th April 1919, Jalianwala massacre happened.

• The Non-Cooperation-Khilafat Movement began in January 1921 to bring the Hindus and the Muslims closer to each other.

• In February 1922, Mahatma Gandhi decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement.
→ After the incident of Chauri Chaura in 1922, Gandhiji decided to call off the movement.

• On 6th April, 1930 Gandhiji ceremonially violated the Salt 'Law and the Civil Disobedience Movement started.
→ Civil diobedience was a widespread movement however Dailts and large sections of Muslims did not pariticpate in the movement.

• Nationalist Movement spread a sense of collective belongingness among different regions and communities.

• In the 20th century, the identity of India symbolised in the image of Bharat Mata.
→ History and fiction, folklore and songs, popular prints and symbols, all played a part in the making of nationalism.

Important Terms 

• Satyagrah - The idea of Satyagraha emphasised the power of Truth. It suggested that if the cause was true, if the struggle was against injustice, then physical force was not necessary.

• Boycott- Withdraw from commercial or social relations with a country organization or person as a punishment or protest. 

• Swadeshi- One's own country. 

• Civil disobedience movement- It was started by Mahatma Gandhi People were called upon to disobey the British laws. 

• Khalifa- Spiritual Heads of Islamic world.

• Begar- Labour that villagers were forced to contribute without any payment Harijan-'Children of the God' term given by Gandhiji to the ill trodden of the society. 

• Harijan - This term means 'Children of the god' which was given by Gandhiji to the ill trodden of the society.

• Picketing-A form of demonstration or protest by which people block the entrance to a shop, factory or office.


Get Offline Ncert Books, Ebooks and Videos Ask your doubts from our experts Get Ebooks for every chapter Play quiz while you study

Download our app for FREE

Study Rankers Android App Learn more

Study Rankers App Promo