How the State Government Works? Extra Questions Chapter 3 Class 7 Civics

Chapter 3 How the State Government Works? Chapter 3 Class 7 Civics Extra Questions is useful in improving marks in the examinations. Extra Questions for Class 7 is very useful in preparing yourself well before examinations.

How the State Government Works? Extra Questions Chapter 3 Class 7 Civics

Chapter 3 How the State Government Works? Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. What is the full form of MLA?

Answer

Members of Legislative Assembly.

2. Who all are called oppositions?

Answer

All the members of other political party who does not belong to ruling party are called opposition.

3. What do you mean the term 'constituency'?

Answer

A constituency is a particular area from which all the voters living there choose their representatives. This could be a panchayat ward or an area that chooses an MLA.

4. What is a press conference?

Answer

A press conference is a gathering of journalists from the media who are invited to hear about and ask questions on a particular issue and are then expected to report on this to the larger public.

5. What is majority?

Answer

A political party who’s MLAs has won more than half the number of constituencies in a state are called in majority.

6. All the MLAs that gather together in the legislative Assembly are called ___________.

Answer

Legislature.

7. Who can dissolve a State Assembly before its term?

Answer

It is the Governor who can dissolve a State Assembly before its term.

9. Who is associated with making laws on certain issues in a state?

Answer

Legislative assembly.

10. Who conducts the proceedings in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer

The speaker conducts the proceeding in the Legislative Assembly. And in his absence it is done by the deputy speaker.

Chapter 3 How the State Government Works? Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. How do some MLAs become ministers or chief ministers?

Answer

After the elections the MLAs of the majority party elect their leader who becomes the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister then selects some MLAs from the party to lead different ministries. These MLAs are appointed by the Governor of the state. They are also given different departments or ministries.

2. Why should decisions taken by the Chief ministers and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer

The Chief Minister and other ministers have to take decision and run the government. However, whatever decisions are being taken have to be approved by the Members of Legislative Assembly. In a democracy, These MLAs can ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent, etc.

3. What problem are the people of Patalputram facing? What do they expect from the MLA of their area?

Answer

The people of Patalpuram are facing acute water crisis. Streams have dried up and so have tanks. In the worst affected areas, villagers have been carrying water across great distances. People at the district
headquarter, Patalpuram receive water supply once in three days. The District Hospital there is full of patients with acute diarrhoea.
The people of Patalpuram demand that the authorities must take immediate action to bring the public health situation under control. Their MLAs must take the responsibility for that.

4. How do various government departments function?

Answer

The Chief Minister and the other ministers have to take some actions to deal with the difficult situations faced by the state. They do so through various departments like the Public Works Department, the Agriculture Department, the Health Department, the Education Department, and so on. They also have to answer questions that are asked in the Legislative Assembly and convince people that proper steps are being taken.

5. What did the government do to control the situation in Patalputram district?

Answer

The Chief Minister and the minister for health visited Patalpuram district. They went to visit the families who had lost their relatives and also visited people in the hospitals from acute diarrhoea. The government announced a compensation for those families. The chief minister also said that there the problem was not only of sanitation but also of a lack of clean drinking water. He said that a high-level inquiry committee will be asked to look into the needs of the district to provide sanitation facilities and would request the minister for public works to take care of the needs of proper water supply in the region.

6. Mention three functions of the Chief Minister of a state.

Answer

The Chief Minister is the head of the state council of ministers. He/she is the actual head of the executive power of the state. He/she performs several functions:
• The Chief Minister selects ministers and hand over the list of these persons to the Governor. It is only on the recommendation of the Chief Minister that portfolios are allocated to the ministers.
• He/she presides over the meetings of the Cabinet. He/she announces the policies of the government in the Assembly.
• He/she functions as a link between the Governor and the council of ministers.

Chapter 3 How the State Government Works? Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Describe how a government functions in a state.

Answer

• The state government is headed by the Chief Minister who runs the government with the help of several ministers. These ministers are assigned to various departments of the government like the Health Department, the Education Department and so on. They are responsible for their departments. They have to answer questions that are asked in the Legislative Assembly and convince people that proper steps are being taken.
• The government can also decide to make new laws for the state regarding sanitation and health facilities. This act of making laws on certain issues is done in the Legislative Assembly of each state. The various government departments then implement these laws.
• If any law does not suit to people, they organise meetings to voice their opinions and protest against the government. In such a situation, the government reviews the law in order to satisfy the larger majority of the public.
Previous Post Next Post
X
Free Study Rankers App Download Now