MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

1. What percentage of the total number of species discovered in the world are found in India?
(a) Three percent
(b) Eight percent
(c) Fifteen percent
(d) Thirty percent
► (b) Eight percent

2. Which of the following birds do not fall in the category of ‘critical’ species?
(a) Pink-headed duck
(b) Peacock
(c) Mountain quail
(d) Forest-spotted owl
► (b) Peacock

3. Which of the following plays a key role in the ecological system?
(a) Rocks
(b) Roads
(c) Forests
(d) None of the above
► (c) Forests

4. Biodiversity is very important for which of the following creatures?
(a) Plants
(b) Earthworms
(c) Humans
(d) Aliens
► (c) Humans

5. What percentage of India’s wild flora and mammals are on the threatened list?
(a) 10 percent of recorded wild flora and 20 percent of mammals
(b) 20 percent of recorded wild flora and 10 percent of mammals
(c) 10 percent of cultivated species of flora and 20 percent animals
(d) None of the above.
► (a) 10 percent of recorded wild flora and 20 percent of mammals

6. The black buck belongs to which of the following categories of fauna?
(a) Extinct species
(b) Rare species
(c) Endemic species
(d) Endangered species
► (d) Endangered species

7. Of the estimated 47,000 plant species found in India, about 15,000 flowering species belong to which category?
(a) Endangered species
(b) Extinct species
(c) Endemic species
(d) Vulnerable species
► (c) Endemic species

8. Which one among the following are not a part of the complex web of ecological system?
(a) Plants
(b) Animals
(c) Computers
(d) Humans
► (c) Computers

9. Determination of the different categories of existing plant and animal species are based on which of the following agencies?
(a) The State Forest Department
(b) International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).
(c) Forest Survey of India
(d) Earth Summit
► (b) International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).

10. Which of the following species of animals is a rare species?
(a) Wild Asiatic buffalo
(b) Gangetic dolphin
(c) Indian rhino
(d) Black buck
► (a) Wild Asiatic buffalo

11. Which of the following is a species of grass categorised as a ‘critical’ species among the threatened list of flora and fauna?
(a) Madhuca insigins
(b) Tamarindus indica
(c) Hubbardia heptaneuron
(d) Mangifera indica
► (c) Hubbardia heptaneuron

12. The Gangetic dolphin belongs to which of the following categories of fauna?
(a) Endangered species
(b) Vulnerable species
(c) Rare species
(d) Extinct species
► (b) Vulnerable species

13. In which of the following years was the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act implemented?
(a) 1962
(b) 1972
(c) 1992
(d) 1999
► (b) 1972

14. Which of the following types of agriculture has led to wide scale deforestation and degradation of forests in north-eastern and central India?
(a) Plantations
(b) Intensive Subsistence Farming
(c) Shifting Cultivation
(d) Commercial Agriculture
► (c) Shifting Cultivation

15. Which of the following species was declared extinct in India long back in 1952?
(a) Leopard
(b) Gangetic dolphin
(c) Black buck
(d) Asiatic cheetah
► (d) Asiatic cheetah

16. Cleaning of forests is still continuing in Madhya Pradesh mainly due to which of the following reasons?
(a) Dolomite mining
(b) Commercial plantations
(c) Industrialisaiton and urbanisation
(d) Narmada Sagar (River Valley) Project
► (d) Narmada Sagar (River Valley) Project

17. Who among the following is in charge of management of forests and wildlife resources of India?
(a) World Wildlife Foundation
(b) Geological Survey of India
(c) Forest Department
(d) Non-government organisations

18. What is the Himalayan Yew?
(a) A type of deer
(b) A medicinal plant
(c) A species of bird
(d) A food crop grown in the Himalayas
► (b) A medicinal plant

19. In which of the following years was the ‘Project Tiger’ launched?
(a) 1951
(b) 1973
(c) 1993
(d) 2009
► (b) 1973

20. In which of the following states, a very high percentage of its forests is managed by local communities?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Himachal Pradesh
► (b) Arunachal Pradesh

21. Which of the following states has the largest area under permanent forests?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Maharashtra
► (b) Madhya Pradesh

22. Which of the following species was included for the first time in list of protected species in 1991?
(a) Insects
(b) Fishes
(c) Plants
(d) Reptiles
► (c) Plants

23. In which of the following tiger reserves have the local communities fought for conservation of the forests?
(a) Manas Tiger Reserve
(b) Periyar Tiger Reserve
(c) Simlipal Bio Reserve
(d) Sariska Tiger Reserve
► (d) Sariska Tiger Reserve

24. Forests and wastelands belonging to both private individuals and government are known as:
(a) Sacred groves
(b) Reserved forest
(c) Protected forests
(d) Unclassed forests
► (d) Unclassed forests

25. Species that are found in some particular areas, usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers, are known as:
(a) Vulnerable
(b) Endemic
(c) Extinct
(d) Endangered
► (b) Endemic

26. Which of the following is an extinct species?
(a) Blue sheep
(b) Asiatic cheetah
(c) Black buck
(d) Asiatic elephant
► (b) Asiatic cheetah

27. Which of the following is not one of the reasons for depletion of forests?
(a) Mining
(b) Multi-purpose river valley projects
(c) Grazing
(d) Creation of shelter belts
► (d) Creation of shelter belts

28. Which one of the following states has the largest area under permanent forests?
(a) Bihar
(b) Kerala
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
► (c) Madhya Pradesh

29. What was the aim of Chipko Movement?
(a) Human rights
(b) Political rights
(c) Agriculture expansion
(d) Forest conservation
► (d) Forest conservation

30. Which of the following types of species are known as the extinct species?
(a) Species whose population levels are normal
(b) Whose population has declined
(c) Species with small population
(d) Species which are not found
► (d) Species which are not found

31. In which of the following states is Bandhavgarh National Park located?
(a) Gujarat
(b) Assam
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Kerala
► (c) Madhya Pradesh

32. Which one of the following belongs to vulnerable species?
(a) Black buck
(b) Crocodile
(c) Indian rhino
(d) Blue sheep
► (d) Blue sheep

33. Which of the following is not one of the reasons for depletion of forests?
(a) Mining
(b) Multi-purpose river valley projects
(c) Grazing
(d) Creation of shelter belts
► (d) Creation of shelter belts

34. Sariska wildlife sanctuary is located in which state?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Uttar Pradesh
(c) Gujarat
(d) West Bengal
► (a) Rajasthan

35. Sunderban National Park is located in which state?
(a) Assam
(b) West Bengal
(c) Tripura
(d) Gujarat
► (b) West Bengal

36. How many species of flora are found in India?
(a) 81000
(b) 47000
(c) 15000
(d) 41000
► (b) 47000

37. Which one of the following movements is not associated with the protection of trees?
(a) Chipko Movement
(b) Navdanya Andolan
(c) Project Tiger
(d) Beej Bachao Andolan
► (c) Project Tiger

38. The Buxa Tiger Reserve is situated in which of the following states?
(a) Madhaya Pradesh
(b) West Bengal
(c) Gujarat
(d) Orissa
► (b) West Bengal

39. Which species of fauna are found in an area separated by natural or geographical barriers? 
(a) Rare
(b) Extinct
(c) Vulnerable
(d) Endemic
► (d) Endemic

40. When was Asiatic Cheetah declared extinct in India?
(a) in 1958
(b) in 1989
(c) in 1922
(d) in 1952
► (d) in 1952

41. Which one of the following is the example of endemic species?
(a) Asiatic elephant (b) Gangetic dolphin
(c) Mithun (d) Asiatic Cheetah
Ans. (c)

42. India has nearly ............... percent of total number of species in the world
(a) 5
(b) 10
(c) 8
(d) 2
► (c) 8

43. Which of the following two factors are majorly responsible for depletion of forest resources?
(a) Mining of fuel-wood collection
(b) Mining and grazing
(c) Flood and Grazing
(d) Grazing and fuel-wood collection
► (d) Grazing and fuel-wood collection

44. Which one of the following is not considered a sacred tree in India?
(a) Peepal
(b) Neem
(c) Banyan
(d) Mango
► (b) Neem
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