MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 3 Water Resources

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 3 Water Resources

1. Which of the following is a reason for water scarcity in a region with sufficient water to meet the requirements of the people?
(a) Huge population
(b) Less rainfall
(c) Power requirement
(d) Pollution
► (d) Pollution

2. Which of the following problems arises due to water pollution?
(a) Sedimentation of water bodies
(b) Water-borne diseases
(c) Discharge of industrial waste
(d) Spawning of aquatic life
► (b) Water-borne diseases

3. Which of the following data shows the percentage of global precipitation that is received by India?
(a) 96.5 per cent
(b) 30 per cent
(c) 4 per cent
(d) 2.5 per cent
► (c) 4 per cent

4. Which of the following contributes approximately 22 per cent of the total electricity produced in India today?
(a) Solar power
(b) Hydroelectric power
(c) Industries
(d) Geothermal energy
► (b) Hydroelectric power

5. Which of the following areas would you immediately associate with water scarcity?
(a) Deserts of Rajasthan
(b) The Ganga Plains
(c) Hills of North-Eastern India
(d) Coastal areas of Orissa
► (a) Deserts of Rajasthan

6. Which of the following is one of the largest artificial lakes of ancient India built in the 11th century?
(a) Govindsagar Lake
(b) Hauz Khas
(c) Bhopal Lake
(d) Dal Lake
► (c) Bhopal Lake

7. Which of the following hydraulic structures is built in river basins?
(a) Lakes
(b) Dams
(c) Tanks
(d) Water harvesting
► (b) Dams

8. Which of the following hydraulic structures is not a feature of ancient times?
(a) Multipurpose river valley projects
(b) Dams built of stone rubble
(c) Reservoirs or lakes
(d) Embankments and canals
► (a) Multipurpose river valley projects

9. Which of the following hydraulic structures was constructed by Iltutmish in the 14th century for supplying water to Siri Fort area?
(a) Water harvesting at Sringaverapura near Allahabad
(b) Bhopal Lake
(c) Tank in Hauz Khas, Delhi
(d) Irrigation work at Nagarjunakonda
► (c) Tank in Hauz Khas, Delhi

10. Which of the following multipurpose projects is found in the Satluj-Beas river basin?
(a) Hirakud Project
(b) Damodar Valley Corporation
(c) Bhakra Nangal Project
(d) Rihand Project
► (c) Bhakra Nangal Project

11. In which of the following areas can you find one of the oldest water-harvesting systems of India?
(a) Sringaverapura near Allahabad
(b) Kalinga, Orissa
(c) Bennur, Karnataka
(d) Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh
► (a) Sringaverapura near Allahabad

12. On which of the following rivers is the Hirakud dam constructed?
(a) Satluj
(b) Beas
(c) Mahanadi
(d) Narmada
► (c) Mahanadi

13. Which of the following state governments have raised the Krishna-Godavari dispute?
(a) Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
(b) Gujarat and Rajasthan
(c) Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
(d) Karnataka and Maharashtra
► (a) Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh

14. On which of the following issues did the Narmada Bachao Andolan first focus?
(a) Benefits of irrigation to landless farmers
(b) Environmental issues related to submergence of trees under the dam water
(c) Rehabilitation of the people displaced due to construction of the dam
(d) Economic issues of wastage of money for the construction of the dam
► (b) Environmental issues related to submergence of trees under the dam water

15. On which of the following rivers are the Tilaiya, Panchet, Maithon, Konar and Bokaro dams located?
(a) R. Satluj
(b) R. Damodar
(c) R. Mahanadi
(d) R. Krishna
► (b) R. Damodar

16. Which of the following environmental damages are not induced due to multipurpose projects?
(a) Water-borne diseases and pests
(b) Pollution resulting from excessive use of water
(c) Earthquakes
(d) Volcanic activity
► (d) Volcanic activity

17. In which of the following areas are ‘guls’ and ‘kuls’ used to channel water for agriculture?
(a) Deccan Plateau
(b) Deserts of Rajasthan
(c) Western Himalayas
(d) Ganga Plains
► (c) Western Himalayas

18. Which of the following river projects or groups of river projects provide hydroelectricity to the industries of Maharasthra?
(a) Pravara Project and Koyna Project
(b) Hirakud Project
(c) Nagarjuna Sagar Project and Tungabhadra Project
(d) Ghatprabha Project and Mettur Project
► (a) Pravara Project and Koyna Project

19. Due to which of the following reasons are rooftop rainwater harvesting commonly practised, particularly in Rajasthan?
(a) To store water for irrigation
(b) To keep the house cool
(c) To store drinking water
(d) To clean the rooftops
► (c) To store drinking water

20. Which of the following dams are part of Chambal Project?
(a) Maithon, Panchet, Tilaiya, Konar, Bokaro
(b) Pravara, Ramagundam
(c) Rana Pratap Sagar, Gandhi Sagar
(d) Sardar Sarovar Dam
► (c) Rana Pratap Sagar, Gandhi Sagar

21. In which of the following states is the bamboo-drip irrigation system prevalent?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) West Bengal
(d) Meghalaya
► (d) Meghalaya

22. Who among the following proclaimed dams as the temple of modern India?
(a) Rajendra Prasad
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Sardar Patel
(d) Mahtama Gandhi
► (b) Jawaharlal Nehru

23. Which one of the following is not an adverse effect of dams?
(a) Interstate water disputes
(b) Excessive sedimentation of Reservoir
(c) Displacement of population
(d) Flood control
► (d) Flood control

24. Bamboo drip irrigation is prevalent in which of the following states?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Karnataka
(d) Madhya Pradesh
► (b) Meghalaya

25. Which of the following structures are known as ‘tankas’?
(a) Underground tanks for storing rainwater harvested from roof tops for drinking purpose
(b) Tanks constructed on rooftops for storing rainwater
(c) Tanks constructed in agricultural fields to store rainwater
(d) Tanks constructed to store floodwater
► (a) Underground tanks for storing rainwater harvested from roof tops for drinking purpose

26. Which of the following rivers is not having any multipurpose river project?
(a) Satluj-Beas
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Narmada
(d) Yamuna
► (d) Yamuna

27. Roof tap rainwater harvesting system in Rajasthan is known as:
(a) Guls
(b) Kuls
(c) Tankas
(d) Baobs
► (c) Tankas

28. Which of the following is not a method of water haresting used in Rajasthan?
(a) Johads
(b) Khadins
(c) Guls
(d) Tankas
► (c) Guls

29. On which one of the following rivers Mettur dam is constructed?
(a) River Kaveri
(b) River Krishna
(c) River Godavari
(d) River Mahanadi
► (a) River Kaveri

30. How much of the earth surface is covered with water?
(a) About 1/4
(b) About 1/2
(c) About 3/4
(d) About 2/3
► (c) About 3/4

31. Which of the following rivers is not having any multipurpose river project?
(a) Satluj-Beas
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Narmada
(d) Yamuna
► (d) Yamuna

32. Which of the following is a source of Fresh water?
(a) Precipitation
(b) Surface runoff
(c) Groundwater
(d) All the above
► (c) Groundwater

33. In which one of the following states was rooftop rainwater harvesting practised?
(a) West Bengal
(b) Haryana
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Punjab
► (c) Rajasthan

34. On which one of the following rivers the Tehri Dam is being constructed?
(a) Bhagirathi
(b) Yamuna
(c) Koshi
(d) Sutlej
► (d) Sutlej

35. What is the contribution of hydroelectricity in the total generation of electricity?
(a) 52%
(b) 42%
(c) 32%
(d) 22%
► (d) 22%

36. Salal Dam is built on which river?
(a) Chenab
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Krishna
(d) Satluj
► (a) Chenab

37. Hirakud dam is built on which river?
(a) Chenab
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Krishna
(d) Satluj
► (b) Mahanadi

38. Which of the following is not one of the reasons for criticism of multipurpose river valley projects?
(a) They create a rockier stream bed
(b) They create poorer habitats for the river’s acquatic life
(c) The reservoirs created in the floodplain submerge vegetation
(d) They help in generation of hydroelectricity
► (d) They help in generation of hydroelectricity

39. In which of the following regions, people built ‘Guls’ and ‘Kuls’ for irrigation?
(a) Northern Plains
(b) Western Himalayas
(c) Coastal areas
(d) None of these
► (b) Western Himalayas

40. Tanka, a rainwater harvesting technique, is associated with which of the following states?
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) West Himalayas
(c) Gujarat
(d) Rajasthan
► (d) Rajasthan

41. What percentage of the total volume of world’s water is estimated to exist as oceans?
(a) 94.5%
(b) 95.5%
(c) 96.5%
(d) 97.5%
► (c) 96.5%

42. Against the construction of which one of the following multipurpose projects was the Narmada Bachao Andolan launched?
(a) Sardar Sarovar
(b) Bhakra Nangal
(c) Rihand
(d) Tehri
► (a) Sardar Sarovar

43. On which of the following rivers is Koyena dam built?
(a) Krishna
(b) Kaveri
(c) Ganga
(d) Mahanadi
► (a) Krishna

44. In which one of the following states palar pani is considered the purest form of natural water?
(a) Gujarat
(b) Rajasthan
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Chhattisgarh
► (b) Rajasthan

45. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is built on which river?
(a) Clenab
(b) Mahanadi
(c) Krishna
(d) Satluj
► (c) Krishna
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