MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 1 Resources and Development

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 1 Resources and Development

1. Fossil fuels are examples of which of the following types of resources?
(a) Renewable
(b) Flow
(c) Biological
(d) Non-renewable
► (d) Non-renewable

2. Which of the following resource is non-recyclable?
(a) Coal
(b) Iron-ore
(c) Copper
(d) Gold
► (a) Coal

3. What is the main reason behind global ecological crises such as global warming and environmental pollution ?
(a) Depletion of resources
(b) Accumulation of resources in a few hands
(c) Indiscriminate exploitation of resources
(d) Use of resources
► (c) Indiscriminate exploitation of resources

4. Which are the main factors that determine creation of a resource?
(a) Nature and technology
(b) Nature and human beings
(c) Nature, human beings and technology
(d) Technology and human beings
► (c) Nature, human beings and technology

5. Under which of the following types of resources can solar energy be categorised?
(a) Flow resource
(b) Human-made resource
(c) Non-recyclable resource
(d) Exhaustible resource
► (a) Flow resource

6. From which Five Year Plan has India made concerted efforts for achieving the goals of resource planning ?
(a) First Five Year Plan
(b) Fifth Five Year Plan
(c) Annual Plans
(d) Tenth Five Year Plan
► (a) First Five Year Plan

7. On the basis of ownership, plantations can be better considered as which of the following types of resources?
(a) Individual resource
(b) Community owned resource
(c) National resource
(d) International resource
► (a) Individual resource

8. What is necessary for sustained quality of life and global peace?
(a) Stopping use of resources
(b) Saving resources for future
(c) Exploitation of resources
(d) Equitable distribution of resources
► (d) Equitable distribution of resources

9. Which of the following is a human-made resource?
(a) Petroleum
(b) Forests
(c) Machines
(d) Land
► (c) Machines

10. The oceanic resources beyond 200 km of the Exclusive Economic Zone can be termed as which of the following types of resource ?
(a) Individual resources
(b) Community owned resources
(c) National resources
(d) International resources
► (d) International resources

11. What was the main contribution of the Brundtland Commission Report, 1987?
(a) Sustainable development as means for resource conservation
(b) Advocated resource conservation for the first time
(c) Presented Gandhian philosophy
(d) All the above
► (a) Sustainable development as means for resource conservation

12. What is land used for grazing cattle and livestock known as?
(a) Forests
(b) Barren land
(c) Pasture land
(d) Fallow land
► (c) Pasture land

13. Which of the following is the root cause for resource depletion at global level, according to Gandhiji?
(a) Conservation of resources
(b) Use of resources
(c) Greedy and selfish individuals and exploitative nature of modern technology.
(d) Backward technology.
► (c) Greedy and selfish individuals and exploitative nature of modern technology.

14. Q.19. What is arrangement of soil in different layers or horizons known as?
(a) Soil Composition
(b) Soil Erosion
(c) Soil Profile
(d) Soil Texture
► (c) Soil Profile

15. Which of the following regions in India possesses rich reserves of minerals and fossil fuels?
(a) Plains
(b) Mountains
(c) Plateaus
(d) Deserts
► (c) Plateaus

16. Which among the following is a type of resources classified on the basis of exhaustibility?
(a) Biotic and abiotic
(b) Renewable and non-renewable
(c) National and individual
(d) Potential and reserves
► (b) Renewable and non-renewable

17. How much desired area is required for forest in our country?
(a) 16%
(b) 20%
(c) 23.2%
(d) 33%
► (d) 33%

18. Which one of the following soil is ideal for growing cotton?
(a) Regur Soil
(b) Laterite Soil
(c) Desert Soil
(d) Mountainous Soil
► (a) Regur Soil

19. Which of the following method will not help in soil conservation?
(a) Contour ploughing
(b) Strip cropping
(c) Creating shelter belts
(d) Ploughing up and down the slopes
► (d) Ploughing up and down the slopes

20. How can the resources be classified on the basis of their origin?
(a) Biotic and Abiotic
(b) Renewable and Non-renewable
(c) Individual and Community
(d) Potential and Reserves
► (a) Biotic and Abiotic

21. ‘Laterite’ has been derived from the Greek word ‘later’ which means:
(a) Mountain
(b) Brick
(c) Rock
(d) Stone
► (b) Brick

22. In which of the following states is overgrazing responsible for land degradation?
(a) Jharkhand and Orissa
(b) Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
(c) Punjab and Haryana
(d) Kerala and Tamil Nadu
► (b) Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan

23. How can the resources be classified on the basis of their origin?
(a) Biotic and Abiotic
(b) Renewable and Non-renewable
(c) Individual and Community
(d) Potential and Reserves
► (a) Biotic and Abiotic

24. Which one of the following is not the community owned resource?
(a) Grazing grounds
(b) Burial grounds
(c) Village ponds
(d) Privately owned house
► (d) Privately owned house

25. When running water cuts through clayey soils and makes deep channels, they lead to:
(a) Gully erosion
(b) Sheet erosion
(c) Deforestation
(d) Afforestation
► (a) Gully erosion

26. Which one of the following is a Biotic Resource?
(a) Land
(b) Water
(c) Human beings
(d) Rocks
► (c) Human beings

27. Which one of the following is an example of biotic resources?
(a) Rock
(b) Iron ore
(c) Gold
(d) Animal
► (d) Animal

28. There is enough for everybody’s need and not for any body’s greed,’’ who among the following has given the above statement?
(a) Vinoba Bhave
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Atal Behari Vajpayee
► (b) Mahatma Gandhi

29. The mountain share in the total land area is:
(a) 30%
(b) 27%
(c) 43%
(d) 40%
► (a) 30%

30. Which one of the following states mostly has laterite soil?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Meghalaya
► (d) Meghalaya

31. Which one of the following is not a ‘Biotic Resource’?
(a) Flora and Fauna
(b) Rocks
(c) Fisheries
(d) Livestock
► (b) Rocks

32. What is the percentage share of plains in the total land area?
(a) 43%
(b) 23%
(c) 33%
(d) 27%
► (a) 43%

33. Which one of the following is not a renewable resource?
(a) Solar energy
(b) Wind energy
(c) Forests
(d) Fossil fuels
► (d) Fossil fuels

34. Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?
(a) Intensive Cultivation
(b) Overgrazing
(c) Deforestation
(d) Over-irrigation
► (d) Over-irrigation

35. Under which of the following types of resource can tidal energy be put?
(a) Human made
(b) Biotic
(c) Non-recyclable
(d) None of these
► (d) None of these

36. Which cold desert is relatively isolated from the rest of country?
(a) Leh
(b) Kargil
(c) Ladakh
(d) Dras
► (c) Ladakh

37. Resources which are found in a region but have not been utilised are called
(a) developed resources
(b) stock
(c) international resources
(d) potential resources
► (d) potential resources

38. Soil formed by intense leaching is:
(a) alluvial soil
(b) red soil
(c) laterite soil
(d) desert soil
► (c) laterite soil

39. In which of the following states is black soil found?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Bihar
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Jharkhand
► (c) Rajasthan

40. Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?
(a) Extensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation
(c) Overgrazing
(d) Over-irrigation
► (d) Over-irrigation

41. Which one of the following crops is grown in the black soil?
(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Cotton
(d) Tea
► (c) Cotton

42. Resources which are found in a region but have not been utilised are called
(a) developed resources
(b) stock
(c) international resources
(d) potential resources
► (d) potential resources
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