## NCERT Revision Notes for Chapter 7 Test, Measurement and Evaluation Class 11 Physical Education

Topics in the Chapter
• Definition of Test
• Definiton of Measurement
• Definition of Evaluation
• Importance of Test, Measurement and Evaluation
• Calculation of B.M.I and Waist-Hip ratio
• Somato-Types (Endomorph, Mesomorphy & Ectomorphy)
• Procedures of Anthropomatric Measurement - (Height, Weight, Arm and Leg Length)

Flow Chart for Test, measurement and Evaluation

Definition of Test

→ A test is a tool which is used to evaluate the skills, performance and reliability of the task completed by a sports person.

Definition of Measurement

→ Measurement is about the collection of data about performance or task completed by a sports person by using a test.

Definition of Evaluation

→ It is a systematic determination of a subject’s merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.

Importance of Test and Measurement
• To frame the objectives
• To evaluate the learners
• To evaluate the teaching programme
• To know the capacities and abilities
• To discover the needs of the participants

Body Mass Index (B.M.I)

→ It is the value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.

Formula for calculating BMI
Body Mass Index =  (Mass of Body (Kg))/(Height of Body (m))

Waist Hip Ratio

→ Waist Hip Ratio is the ratio of the circumstances of waist to that of the hips

Formula for calculating Waist Hip Ratio
Waist Hip Ratio = (Waist Circumferance)/(Hip Circumferance)

Somato Types (Endomorph, Mesomorph, Ectomorph)

→ Somato Types means human body shape and physique type.

→ According to W.H. Sheldon, human beings can be classified into three extreme body types.

1. Endomorphy: People with endomorph body structure have rounded physique. Their excessive mass hinders their ability to compete in sports. Suitable games weight lifting and power lifting.

2. Mesomorphy: People with mesomorphy body structure have thick bones and muscles with rectangular shaped body. They have larger and broader chest and shoulders and can be top sports person in any sport.

3. Ectomorphy: These are slim persons because their muscles and limbs are elongated. They have flat chest and have less muscle mass. They have less strength but dominate endurance sports.

Anthropometric Measurement

→ Anthropometric measurements means measurements of height, weight, arm, leg length, waist circumference and skin folds etc.

Procedures of Anthropometric Measurement

• Height: Height of an individual must be measured using a stadiometer to the nearest half of a centimeter.

• Weight: Correct weighing machine should be used and measurement must be recorded to the nearest 0.1 k.g.

• Arm Length: Measurement should be done from the body tip of the shoulder to the tip of the little finger.

• Upper Arm Length: To measure the upper length the arm should be bent 90 degree at the elbow with palm facing upwards.

• Leg Length: It can be measured by using flexible steel tape from the outside edge of centre of the foot to the upper edge of the greater trochanter.

• Upper Leg Length: Bend the knee at 90 degree angle & sit up straight. Measure the upper leg length from inguinal crease to the proximal borader of patella to the nearest of 0.1 centimeter.

Skin Fold Measurement
• Arms (triceps) skin fold
• Sub Seapula skin fold
• Suprailiac skin fold
• Abdomen skin fold
• Thigh skin fold
X