Notes of Ch 5 Panchayati Raj Class 6th Civics

Notes of Chapter 5 Panchayati Raj Class 6th Civics

Panchayati Raj System

• A process through which people participate in their own government. 

• The Panchayati Raj system is the first tier or level of democratic government.

• It functions at three levels: Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti and Gram Panchayat.

→ The Zila parishad or District Panchayat is the highest level of Panchayati Raj system.

→ The Panchayat Samiti functions at the block level under the Zila Parishad.

→ Under the Panchayat Samiti there are many Gram Panchayats that comprise Panchs and Sarpanchs at village level.

Gram Sabha

• The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat.

• This could be only one village or a few villages. 

• Anyone who is 18 years old or more and who has the right to vote is a member of the Gram Sabha.

Functions of Gram Sabha

• It is the place where all plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people.

• It prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people. 

• It keeps an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who
elected them.

Gram Panchayat

• It is the executive wing of the Gram Sabha.

• Every village Panchayat is divided into wards, i.e. smaller areas.
→ Each ward elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member (Panch). 

• All the members of the Gram Sabha also elect a Sarpanch who is the Panchayat President.

• The Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch form the Gram Panchayat. 
→ The Gram Panchayat is elected for five years.

• The Gram Panchayat has a Secretary who is not an elected person but is appointed by the government. 
→ The Secretary is responsible for calling the meeting of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat and keeping a record of the proceedings.

Functions of Gram Panchayat

• The construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage, school buildings and other common property resources.

• Levying and collecting local taxes.
• Executing government schemes related to generating employment in the village.

Sources of funds for the Panchayat

• Collection of taxes on houses, market places etc.
• Government scheme funds received through various departments of the government – through the Janpad and Zila Panchayats.
• Donations for community works etc.


Watch age fraud in sports in India

GET OUR ANDROID APP

Get Offline Ncert Books, Ebooks and Videos Ask your doubts from our experts Get Ebooks for every chapter Play quiz while you study

Download our app for FREE

Study Rankers Android App Learn more

Study Rankers App Promo