Notes of Ch 3 What is Government? Class 6th Civics

Notes of Chapter 3 What is Government? Class 6th Civics

Government

• Government is the group of people with the authority to govern a country or state.

Work of a Government

• It make decisions and get things done. 

• The government also takes action on many social issues.

• It does other important things such as running postal and railway services.

• Protecting the boundaries of the country and maintaining peaceful relations with other countries.
• It is responsible for ensuring that all its citizens have enough to eat and have good health facilities.

• It is the government that mainly organizes aid and assistance for the affected people during tsunami and earthquake.

• If there is a dispute or if someone has committed a crime you find people in a court, a part of the government.

How various tasks are performed by the Government

• Governments do this on behalf of their people by exercising  leadership,  taking decisions and implementing these among all the people living in their territory.

Levels of a Government

• Local Level: Governments in village, town or locality. 

• State Level: Governments that covers an entire state like Haryana or Assam.

• National Level: Government for the entire nation.

Laws and the government

• The government makes laws and everyone who lives in the country has to follow these.

• Without these laws the government's power to make decisions is not of much use. 

Types of Government

Monarchy

• This is form of government in which king or queen has the power to make decisions and run the government.

• The monarch have a small group of people to discuss matters with, but the final decision-making power remains with the monarch. 

Democracy and Democratic government

• Democracy is rule by the people.
→ The basic idea is that people rule themselves by participating in the making of these rules.

Representatives Democracies

• It is type of democracy in which people do not participate directly but, instead, choose their representatives through an election process. 

Voting Rights

• In their earliest forms governments allowed only men who owned property and were educated, to vote. 

Universal adult franchise 

• A government cannot call itself democratic unless it allows what is known as universal adult franchise.

• This means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote.


GET OUR ANDROID APP

Get Offline Ncert Books, Ebooks and Videos Ask your doubts from our experts Get Ebooks for every chapter Play quiz while you study

Download our app for FREE

Study Rankers Android App Learn more

Study Rankers App Promo