Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 6 Political Parties Civics

Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 6 Political Parties Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. What is meant by ‘Political Party’?

Answer

A political party is a group of people come together to contest elections to hold power in the government.

2. What is an important function of a political party in India?

Answer

To contest elections.

3. Why is one party political system not considered a good democratic system?

Answer

Because one party system has no democratic option.

4. Name a country that has one-party system.

Answer

China.

5. Name the alliance formed by the Congress Party.

Answer

United Progressive Alliance (UPA).

6. Which party was the principal opposition party in Lok Sabha in 2004?

Answer

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. What are the components of a political party?

Answer

A political party has three components:
• Its leaders
• Its active members and
• Its followers.

2. Describe any three main features of Two-Party system.

Answer

Main features of two-party system:
• Power usually changes between two parties, several other parties may exist.
• In such system, people get clear choice.
• The party that wins majority forms the government and the other sits in opposition.

3.What is a multi-party system? Why has India adopted a multi-party system? Explain.

Answer

Multi-party system: If several parties compete for power and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or in alliance with others, we call it a multi-party system.
India adopted a Multi party system because:
• There is social and geographical diversity in India.
• India is such a large country which is not easily absorbed by two or three parties.

4. What is a political party? State any two points of the ideology of Bharatiya Janta Party?

Answer 

A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on some policies and programmers for the society with a view to promote the collective good.
Ideology of BJP:
• Wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
• A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion.
• Cultural nationalism.

5. What is meant by ‘regional political party’? State the conditions required to be recognized as a ‘regional political party’.

Answer 

A regional party is a party that is present in only some states.
Conditions required for a party to be recognized as a regional political party are:
• A party that secures at least six percent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a state.
• Wins at least two seats in the Legislative Assembly.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. Describe any five major functions of political parties.

Answer 

Functions of political parties:
• Parties contest elections.
• They put forward policies and programmes.
• Parties play a decisive role in making laws.
• Parties form and run government.
• Defeated parties in the election play its role of opposition to the parties in power.

2. How do money and muscle power play an important role in elections? Explain.

Answer 

Money and muscle power play an important role in elections because:
• Role of money and muscle power in parties especially during elections is growing.
• Parties tend to nominate those candidates who have or can raise lots of money.
• Rich people and companies who give funds to the parties tend to have influence on the policies and decisions of the party.
• In some cases, parties support criminals who can win election.
• Democrats all over the world are worried over the increasing role of rich people and big companies in democratic politics.

3. Explain two functions each of the ruling party as well of the opposition parties.

Answer 

Functions of the ruling parties:
• They play a major role in making laws for the country.
• They form the government and run the country.
• They recruit leaders, train them and then make ministers to run the government.

Functions of the opposition parties:
• They oppose the government by voicing different views.
• They criticize government for its failure and wrong policies.
• They mobilize opposition to the government.

NCERT Solutions of Chapter 6 Poitical Parties

Notes of Chapter 6 Politcal Parties

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