Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 7 Outcomes of Democracy Civics

Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 7 Outcomes of Democracy Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. What is meant by transparency?

Answer

Any citizen can examine the process of decision-making in a democracy.

2. How does democracy produce an accountable government?

Answer

People have the right to elect the leaders to form government and if possible they participated in decision making process.

3. How can you say that democracies are based on political equality?

Answer

All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives.

4. Which form of government is better-democratic or non-democratic?

Answer

Democratic government is better.

5. What is meant by economic inequality?

Answer

It refers to disparities in the distribution of economic assets and income.

6. Which system can reduce the possibility of tension and conflict among different groups of society?

Answer

Democratic system

7. In which area does democracy fail to achieve the same results as in dictatorship?

Answer

Economic development.

8. When do we start cursing the idea of democracy?

Answer

If some of our expectations are not fulfilled.

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1.“There is overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world.” Support the statement.

Answer 

There is an overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world because: 
• A democratic government is people’s own government. 
• The evidence from South Asia shows that the support exists in countries with democratic regimes.
• People wished to be ruled by representatives elected by them.

2. State any three merits of democracy.

Answer 

Merits of Democracy are: 
• Democracy assures equality in every spheres of life like political, social and economic. 
• It upholds basic individual liberties like freedom of speech, etc. 
• Due obedience to laws.

3. When is democracy considered successful? Explain.

Answer 

Democracy is considered to be successful because: 
• The rulers elected by the people must take all major decision and not the rich and powerful. 
• The election must offer a free choice and opportunity to the people. 
• The choice should be available to all the people based on political equality.

4. What outcomes can one reasonably expect of democracies?

Answer 

The outcomes one can reasonably expect of the democracy are: 
• In the political sphere we can expect accountable and legitimate government.
• In the economic sphere we can expect minimised economic inequalities. 
• In the social sphere we can expect equal protection to oppressed classes and women.

5. Establish the relationship between democracy and development.

Answer 

Relationship between democracy and development are: 

• Democracy lags behind the dictatorships in terms of development. However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible.
• Development depends upon many factors, i.e., size of population, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. 
• Thus, democracy cannot guarantee of economic development but it has several other positive outcomes.

6. Discuss any three factors that describe the successful working of democracy in India.

Answer 

Factors for the success of democracy: 
• Transparency of democracy. 
• It is accountable and responsible of ruling. 
• It provides legitimacy.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. How are complaints treated as testimony to the success of democracy? Explain.

Answer 

To some extent complaints are treated as testimony to the success of democracy. We can prove the statement by analysing certain facts like: 
• Some people complain that democracy is a less effective governments and it is slow in functioning. There is no doubt that non-democratic government can be more effective because they are fast in their decision making. But it is not certain that decisions are right or wrong.
• There is no denying the fact that democracies do not appear to have been successful in reducing economic inequality. 
• But, it is only possible in a democracy that people can raise their voice against not only economic inequalities, but also against all types of inequalities. All these facts show that complaints are treated as testimony to the success of democracy.

2. Explain with examples, how the dignity and freedom of citizens are best guaranteed in a democracy.

Answer

• Democracies throughout the world have recognized the fact that people should be treated with due respect. The passion for respect and freedom is the basis of democracy. 
• Democracies recognize all individuals as equal. This equality is a big thing for the societies which have been built for long on the basis of subordination and domination. 
• Most societies across the world are male-dominated but democracies have created sensitivity that equal treatment of women are necessary ingredients of a democratic society. 
• Caste-based inequalities and atrocities are also not acceptable to democracies. All these combined together enhance the dignity and freedom of the individual.

3. Democracy has failed to reduce economic inequality and poverty.’’ Do you agree? Give arguments in support of your answer.

Answer
In actual life, democracies do not appear to be reducing inequalities. 
• The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party likes to lose their votes, yet democratically elected governments have not addressed the question of poverty as one would have expected them to. 
• The people in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies. 
Argument in support: 
• It enhances the dignity of the individuals. 
• It improves the quality of decision-making. 
• It provides a method to resolve conflicts.


Notes of Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy


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