NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Ch 6 Political Parties Civics Social Studies (S.St)

Ch 6 Political Parties Class 10 Civics NCERT Solutions is very helpful in revising the significant topics given in the chapter such as meaning of political party, functions of political party, party system, parties in India and challenges to political parties. NCERT Solutions for Chapter 6 Political Parties will make you aware of the basic concepts so you can easily understand questions and how to answer them.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Ch 6 Political Parties Civics

 Study Reference for Class 10 Chapter 6 Political Parties

    Page No: 87

    Exercises

    1. State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.

    Answer

    The various functions political parties perform in a democracy are:
    → Candidates are put forward by political parties to contest in elections. These candidates may be chosen by the top leaders, or by members of the party.
    → Parties put forward their policies and programmes for voters to chose from them.
    → Political parties play a major role in making laws for the country. No law can become a bill unless majority parties support it.
    → Political parties form and run governments.
    → Parties that lose election play the role of opposition.to the party in power.
    → Parties shape public opinion.
    → Political parties form an important link between the government and the people. It is easy for the public to approach their local leader than a government official.The local leader has to listen to the public demand, otherwise he will lose the next election.

    2. What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

    Answer

    The various challenges faced by political parties are:

    → Lack of Internal democracy:
    • Every member of the party does not have a chance to take part in decision-making process.
    • Every member is not consulted before taking a decision.
    • There is no proper organisation or registration of members.
    • Power remains in the hands of a few top leaders, who do not consult ordinary members.
    • Ordinary members have no information about the internal working of the party.

    → Dynastic Succession: With power in the hands of a few top leaders, all party positions go to their family members. These members may not be qualified or have the ability to hold their positions.

    → Money and Muscle Power:
    • Money is needed to organise demonstrations, public meetings and speeches to publicise the image of the party. Parties choose those candidates who can raise money for the party and win elections with their money.
    • Sometimes parties also support criminals candidates because they can win elections.

    → Meaningful choice to others: Most of the political parties have same fundamental and ideological issues. Voters do not have a meaningful choice. Even leaders keep changing parties, thus confusing the voter.

    3. Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?

    Answer

    Some reforms to strengthen parties are:
    → A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties.
    → It should be mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets, about 1/3rd to the women candidates.
    → There should be state funding of elections. The government should give parties money to support the election expenses.

    4. What is a political party?

    Answer

    A political party is a group of people who follow an ideology and thus come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.

    5. What are the characteristics of a political party?

    Answer

    Characteristics of a political party are:
    → A political party has members who agree on some policies and programmes for the society
    with a view to promote common good.
    → It seeks to implement the policies by winning popular support through elections.
    → The presence of a leader, the party workers and supporters.
    → It is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.

    6. A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a ______________________.

    Answer

    Political Party

    7. Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List I
    List II
    1.
    Congress Party
    Α.
    National Democratic Alliance
    2.
    Bharatiya Janata Party
    Β.
    State party
    3.
    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
    C.
    United Progressive Alliance
    4.
    Telugu Desam party
    D.
    Left Front


    1
    2
    3
    4
    (a)
    C
    A
    B
    D
    (b)
    C
    D
    A
    B
    (c)
    C
    A
    D
    B
    (d)
    D
    C
    A
    B

    Answer

    1
    2
    3
    4
    (c)
    C
    A
    D
    B

    9. Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
    A. Kanshi Ram
    B. Sahu Maharaj
    C. B.R. Ambedker
    D. Jotiba Phule

    Answer

    A. Kanshi Ram

    Page No: 88

    10. What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?
    A. Bahujan Samaj
    B. Revolutionary democracy
    C. Integral humanism
    D. Modernity

    Answer

    D. Modernity

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