NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings

Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science can be helpful during the preparation in the examination time and complete homework on time. These NCERT Solutions are helpful resources that can help you in covering the entire syllabus and prepare you answers by taking help. You will understand the topics like physical and chemical nature of matter and evaporation in this chapter.

Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings Questions and answers will give good experience and provide opportunities to learn new things. These NCERT Solutions will help you in analyzing the problems and answering it with precision and the right concepts. It will prepare students to do better during immense pressure and make much easier to memorize topics faster and frame better answers.

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings


NCERT Textbook will provide you with a lot of interesting topics thus these NCERT Solutions for Class 9 will be useful in understanding in depth concepts well. It will improve your awareness skills sharply and you can easily memorize more things precisely. Through Chapter 1 Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions will help you in pinpoint your weaknesses and prepare accordingly to change it in a positive way.

In Text Questions

Page No: 3

1. Which of the following are matter?
Chair, air, love, smell, hate, almonds, thought, cold, cold drink, smell of perfume.

Answer

Chair, air, almonds and cold drink

2. Give reasons for the following observation:
The smell of hot sizzling food reaches you several metres away, but to get the smell from cold food you have to go close.

Answer

Solids diffuse at a very slow rate. But, if the temperature of the solid is increased, then the rate of diffusion of the solid particles into air increases. This is due to an increase in the kinetic energy of solid particles. Hence, the smell of hot sizzling food reaches us even at a distance, but to get the smell from cold food we have to go close.

3. A diver is able to cut through water in a swimming pool. Which property of matter does this observation show?

Answer

This observation shows that the particles of matter have intermolecular spaces. The intermolecular spaces in liquids is fair enough to let the diver pass through it.

4. What are the characteristics of particles of matter?

Answer

The characteristics of particles of matter are:
→ Particles of matter have spaces between them.
→ Particles of matter are continuously moving.
→ Particles of matter attract each other.

Page No: 6

1. The mass per unit volume of a substance is called density (density = mass/volume).
Arrange the following in order of increasing density - air, exhaust from chimney, honey, water, chalk, cotton, and iron.

Answer

air, Exhaust from chimneys, cotton, water, honey, chalk, and iron.

2. (a) Tabulate the differences in the characteristics of states of matter.
(b) Comment upon the following: rigidity, compressibility, fluidity, filling a gas container, shape, kinetic energy, and density.

Answer

(a)

Property
Solid state
Liquid state
Gaseous state

Definite shape and volume. No definite shape. Liquids attain the shape of the vessel in which they are kept. Gases have neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
2.
Incompressible Slightly Compressible  Highly compressible
3.
Cannot flow Can flow Can flow
4.
Particles don't move freely Particles move freely but are confined within the boundary. Particles move freely.
5.
Force of attraction between particles is maximum. Force of attraction between particles is less than solid but more than that in gas Force of attraction between particles is least.

(b)
→ Rigidity: It is the property of matter to resist the change of its shape.
→ Compressibility: It is the property of matter in which its volume is decreased by applying force.
→ Fluidity: It is the ability of matter to flow.
→ Filling a gas container: On filling a gas takes the shape of the container.
→ Shape: Having definite boundaries.
→ Kinetic Energy: It is the energy possessed by the particles of matter due to its motion.
→ Density: It is the ratio of mass with per unit volume.

3. Give reasons:

(a) A gas fills completely the vessel in which it is kept.
► The force of attraction between particles of gas is negligible. Because of this, particles of gas move in all directions. Thus, a gas fills the vessel completely in which it is kept.

(b) A gas exerts pressure on the walls of the container.
► Particles of gas move randomly in all directions at high speed. As a result, the particles hit each other and also hit the walls of the container with a force. Therefore, gas exerts pressure on the walls of the container.

(c) A wooden table should be called a solid.
► A wooden table has fixed shape and fixed volume, which are the main characteristics of solid. Thus a wooden table should be called a solid.

(d) We can easily move our hand in air, but to do the same through a solid block of wood, we need a karate expert.
► Particles of the air have large spaces between them. On the other hand, wood has little space between its particles. Also, it is rigid. For this reason, we can easily move our hands in the air, but to do the same through a solid block of wood, we need a karate expert.

4. Liquids generally have lower density as compared to solids. But you must have observed that ice floats on water. Find out why.

Answer

Ice which is solid has vacant spaces between water molecules thus making ice lighter than water. Thus ice floats on water.

Page No: 9

1. Convert the following temperature to Celsius scale:

(a) 300 K
► 300 K = (300 - 273)°C
= 27°C

(b) 573 K
► 573 K = (573 - 273)°C
= 300°C

2. What is the physical state of water at:

(a) 250°C
► Gaseous State (As Boiling temperature of the water is 100° C).

(b) 100°C
► Since water boils at this temperature thus it can exist in both liquid and gaseous form. At this temperature, after getting the heat equal to the latent heat of vaporisation, water starts changing from liquid state to gaseous state.

3. For any substance, why does the temperature remain constant during the change of state?

Answer

During the change of state of any substance, the heat supplied or released is utilised in phase change. Such heat is called latent heat. So, the temperature of any substance remains constant during the change of state.

4. Suggest a method to liquefy atmospheric gases.

Answer

The gases can be converted into liquids by bringing its particles closer so atmospheric gases can be liquefied either by decreasing temperature or by increasing pressure.

Page No: 10

1.Why does a desert cooler cool better on a hot dry day?

Answer

A desert cooler increases the humidity of the surrounding air. The water particles in the air take the heat from the surrounding objects and evaporate. In hot and dry days the moisture level is very low in the atmosphere which increases the rate of evaporation. Because of faster evaporation, the cooler works well. That’s why desert cooler cools better on a hot dry day.

2. How does water kept in an earthen pot (matka) become cool during summers?

Answer

There are some pores in an earthen pot through which the liquid inside the pot evaporates. This evaporation makes the water inside the pot cool. In this way, water kept in an earthen pot becomes cool during summers.

3. Why does our palm feel cold when we put some acetone or petrol or perfume on it?

Answer

Acetone, petrol, and perfume evaporate at low temperatures. When some acetone, petrol, or perfume is dropped on the palm, it takes heat from the palm and evaporates, thereby making the palm cooler.

4. Why are we able to sip hot tea or milk faster from a saucer than a cup?

Answer

A liquid has a larger surface area in a saucer than in a cup. Thus, it evaporates faster and cools faster in a saucer than in a cup. Thus, we are able to sip hot tea or milk faster from a saucer than a cup.

5. What type of clothes should we wear in summers?

Answer

We should wear cotton clothes in summers as cotton is a good sweat absorber. Sweat is absorbed by the cotton and is exposed to the atmosphere making evaporation faster. During this evaporation, particles on the surface of the liquid gain energy from our body surface, making the body cool.

Page No: 12

Exercises

(For Conversion Process we must know,
Kelvin is an SI unit of temperature, where 0°C = 273 K approx.)

1. Convert the following temperatures to Celsius scale.

(a) 300 K
► 300 K = (300 - 273) °C
= 27 °C

(b) 573 K
► 573 K = (573 - 273) °C
= 300 °C

2. Convert the following temperatures to Kelvin scale.

(a) 25°C
►25 °C = (25 + 273) K
= 298 K

(b) 373°C
► 373 °C = (373 + 273) K
= 646 K

3. Give reason for the following observations.

(a) Naphthalene balls disappear with time without leaving any solid.
(b) We can get the smell of perfume sitting several metres away.

Answer

(a) Naphthalene balls disappear with time without leaving any solid because of they undergoes sublimation easily i.e., the change of state of naphthalene from solid to gas takes place easily.

(b) Perfumes have high degree of vaporisation and its vapour diffuses into the air easily. Therefore, we can get the smell of perfume sitting several metres away.

4. Arrange the following substances in increasing order of forces of attraction between particles-- water, sugar, oxygen.

Answer

Oxygen, Water, Sugar.

5. What is the physical state of water at-

(a) 25°C
► Liquid State

(b) 0°C
► Solid State, can also be in liquid state(conditions required).

(c) 100°C
► Gaseous State can also be in liquid state(conditions required).

6. Give two reasons to justify-

(a) water at room temperature is a liquid.
(b) an iron almirah is a solid at room temperature.

Answer

(a) Water at room temperature is a liquid because it has fluidity also it has no shape but has a fixed volume that is, it occupies the shape of the container in which it is kept.

(b) An iron almirah is a solid at room temperature it has rigid and fixed shape.

7. Why is ice at 273 K more effective in cooling than water at the same temperature?

Answer

Ice at 273 K has less energy than water (although both are at the same temperature). Water possesses the additional latent heat of fusion. Hence, at 273 K, ice is more effective in cooling than water.

8. What produces more severe burns, boiling water or steam?

Answer

Steam has more energy than boiling water. It possesses the additional latent heat of vaporisation. Therefore, burns produced by steam are more severe than those produced by boiling water.

9. Name A, B, C, D, E and F in the following diagram showing change in its state.


Answer


Go Back To NCERT Solutions of Class 9 Science

Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science


Through these Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions, students should not waste time and adopt a strategy that helps them operate and learn at maximum efficiency. Students can cross check their answers and also whether they learned it properly or not. Chapter 1 of NCERT Solutions Class 9 Science consists of 9 exercise questions and 17 in-text questions.

Topics in the Chapter

• Physical Nature of Matter
→ Matter is Made Up of Particles
• Characteristics of Particles of Matter
→ Particles of Matter Have Space Between Them
→ Particles of Matter Are Continuously Moving
→ Particles of Matter Attract Each Other
• States of Matter
→ The Solid State
→ The Liquid State
→ The Gaseous State
• Can Matter Change its State?
→ Effect of Change of Temperature
→ Effect of Change of Pressure
• Evaporation
→ Factors Affecting Evaporation
→ How Does Evaporation Cause Cooling?

Class 9 Science Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings NCERT Solutions will develop the ability to identify what improvements and changes need to be made. Given NCERT Solutions are available in understandable language and also detailed explanation provided under each solutions will help in understanding the concepts better.

NCERT Solutions for Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 Structure of the Atom
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 5 The Fundamental Unit of Life
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 6 Tissues
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 7 Diversity in Living Organisms
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 8 Motion
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 9 Force and Laws of Motion
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 10 Gravitation
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 11 Work and Energy
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 12 Sound
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 13 Why Do We Fall Ill?
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 14 Natural Resources
NCERT Solutions for Chapter 15 Improvement in Food Resources

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