RD Sharma Solutions Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry Exercise 14.5 Class 10 Maths
Chapter Name  RD Sharma Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry 
Book Name  RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 10 
Other Exercises 

Related Study  NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths 
Exercise 14.5 Solutions
1. Find the area of a triangle whose vertices are :
(i) (6, 3), (3, 5) and (4, 2)
(ii) (at_{1}^{2}, 2at_{1}), (at_{2}^{2}, 2at_{2}) and (at_{3}^{2}, 2at_{3})
(iii) (a, c + a), (a, c) and (a, c – a)
Solution
(i) Coordinates of ∆ABC are A (6, 3), B (3, 5) and C (4, 2)
(ii) Coordinates of ABC are A(at_{1}^{2}, 2at_{1}), B(at_{2}^{2}, 2at_{2}) and C(at_{3}^{2}, 2at_{3})
(iii) Coordinates of △ABC are (a, c+a), (a, c) and (a, ca)
∴ Area of △ABC
2. Find the area of the quadrilaterals, the coordinates of whose vertices are
(i) (3, 2), (5, 4), (7, 6) and (5, 4)
(ii) (1, 2), (6, 2), (5, 3) and (3, 4)
(iii) (4, 2), (3, 5), (3, 2), (2, 3)
Solution
(i) Let vertices of quadrilateral ABCD be A (3, 2), B (5, 4), C (7, 6) and D (5, 4)
Join AC
(ii) Let the vertices of quadrilateral ABCD be A(1, 2), B(6, 2), C(5, 3) and D(3, 4).
Join AC
(iii) Area of the quadrilateral ABCD whose coordinates are A(4, 2), B(3, 5), C(3, 2) and D(2, 3).
Join the diagonal AC which divides the quadrilateral ABCD into the triangle ABC and ACD.
3. The four vertices of a quadrilaterals are (1, 2), (5, 6), (7, 4) and (k, 2) taken in order. If the area of the quadrilateral is zero, find the value of k ?
Solution
Let the vertices of quadrilateral ABCD be A (1, 2), B (5, 6), C (7, 4) and D (k, 2).
Join AC.
We get two triangles ABC and ADC.
Now, area of Î”∆ABC
Area of quadrilateral ABCD = (6  15 + 3k)
= (9 + 3k) sq. units
But area of quadrilateral ABCD = 0 (given)
9 + 3k = 0
⇒ 3k = 9
⇒ k = 9/3
⇒ k = 3
4. The vertices of ∆ABC are (2, 1), (5, 4) and (2, 3) respectively. Find the area of the triangle and the length of the altitude through A.
Solution
Vertices of ∆ABC are A (2, 1), B (5, 4) and C (2, 3) and AD ⊥ BC, let AD = h
Now area of ∆ABC,
5. Show that the following sets of points are collinear
(a) (2, 5), (4, 6) and (8, 8)
(b) (1, 1), (2, 1) and (4, 5)
Solution
We know that points are collinear if the area of the triangle formed by them is zero
(a) Vertices of ∆ABC are A(2, 5), B(4, 6) and C(8, 8)
∵ Area of ∆ABC = 0
∴ Points A, B and C are collinear.
(b) Vertices of ∆ABC are A(1, 1), B(2, 1) and C(4, 5)
∵ Area of ∆ABC = 0
∴ Points A, B and C are collinear.
6. Find the area of a quadrilateral ABCD, the coordinates of whose varieties are A (3, 2), B (5, 4), C (7, 6) and D (5, 4).
Solution
Area of quadrilateral ABCD
= area of ∆ABC + area of ∆ACD
= 42 + 38 = 80 sq. units
∴ Area of quadrilateral = 80 sq. units
7. In ∆ABC, the coordinates of vertex A are (0, 1) and D (1, 0) and E (0, 1) respectively the midpoints of the sides AB and AC. If F is the midpoint of side C, find the area of ∆DEF.
Solution
Let B (p, q), C (r, s) and F (x, y)
Midpoint of AB = Coordinates of D
8. Find the area of the triangle PQR with Q (3, 2) and the midpoints of the sides through Q being (2, 1) and (1, 2).
Solution
In ∆PQR, L and N are mid points of QR and QP respectively coordinates of Q are (3, 2) of L are (2, 1) and of N are (1, 2).
9. If P (5, 3), Q (4, 6), R (2, 3) and S (1, 2) are the vertices of a quadrilateral PQRS, find its area.
Solution
P (5, 3), Q (4, 6), R (2, 3) and S (1,2) are the vertices of a quadrilateral PQRS.
Join PR which forms two triangles PQR and PSR.
10. If A (3, 5), B (2, 7), C (1, 8) and D (6, 3) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD, find its area.
Solution
A (3, 5), B (2, 7), C (1,8) and D (6, 3) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD
Join AC
11. For what value of ‘a’ the points (a, 1), (1, 1) and (11, 4) are collinear?
Solution
Let the vertices of ∆ABC are A (a, 1), B (1, 1) and C (11, 4)
12. Prove that the points (a, b), (a_{1}, b_{1}) and (a – a_{1}, b – b_{1}) are collinear if ab_{1} = a_{1}b.
Solution
Let the points (a, b), (a_{1}, b_{1}) and (a – a_{1}, b – b_{1}) be the vertices of a triangle, then
13. If the vertices of a triangle are (1, 3), (4, p) and (9, 7) and its area is 15 sq. units, find the value(s) of p.
Solution
The vertices of a triangle are (1, 3), (4, p) and (9, 7) and area of triangle = 15 sq. units
14. If (x, y) be on the line joining the two points (1, 3) and (4, 2), prove that x + y + 2 = 0.
Solution
Point (x, y) be on the line joining the two points (1, 3) and (4, 2)
Points (x, y), (1, 3) and (4, 2) are collinear
Let the points (x, y) (1, 3) and (4, 2) are the vertices of a triangle, then
15. Find the value of k if points (k, 3), (6, 2) and (3, 4) are collinear.
Solution
Let the points (k, 3), (6, 2) and (3, 4) be the vertices of a triangle, then
16. Find the value of k, if the points A (7, 2), B (5, 1) and C (3, 2k) are collinear.
Solution
Points A (7, 2), B (5, 1) and C (3, 2k) are collinear
area of ∆ABC = 0
∵ Points are collinear
∴ area of ∆ABC = 0
⇒ 4  2k = 0
⇒ 2k = 4
⇒ k = 2
17. If the point P (m, 3) lies on the line segment joining the points A (2/5, 6) and B (2, 8), find the value of m.
Solution
The point P(m, 3) lies on the line segment joining the points A(2/5, 6) and B(2, 8)
Points A, P, B are collinear.
Area of ∆APB = 0
∵ Area of ∆APB = 0
∴ m + 4 = 0
⇒ m = 4
Hence, m = 4