The Indian Constitution Extra Questions Chapter 1 Class 8 Civics

Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Class 8 Civics Extra Questions will be useful in knowing how questions can be framed in the examinations and prepare accordingly. Extra Questions for Class 8 guide students to act in a better way an frame better answers in the exams.

The Indian Constitution Extra Questions Chapter 1 Class 8 Civics

Chapter 1 The Indian Contitution Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. What does our constitution contain?

Answer

Our Constitution contains our national goals such as democracy, secularism. These goals are kept in mind while framing laws.

2. What is Right against Exploitation?

Answer

Under this Right the Constitution prohibits trafficking, forced labour and children working under 14 years of age.

3. What is Right to Equality?

Answer

Right to Equality means that all persons are equal before the law.

4. What do you mean by federalism?

Answer

The term federalism refers to the existence of more than one level of government in the country.

5. What is human trafficking?

Answer

Human trafficking is the practice of the illegal buying and selling of different commodities across national borders. In the content of fundamental rights, it refers to illegal trade in human beings, particularly women and children.

6. What does the word ‘State’ refer to?

Answer

The word ‘State’ refers to a political institution that represents a soveriegn people who occupy a definite territory.

7. What do you mean by a secular state?

Answer

A secular state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion.

8. What caused fear among the members of the Constituent Assembly?

Answer

They feared that the executive might become too strong and ignore its responsibility to the legislature.

9. Why do the people of Nepal not want to adhere to their previous Constitution?

Answer

The previous Constitution does not reflect the ideals of the country that want Nepal to be, and that they have fought for.

10. What do you mean by 'Right to Constitutional Remedies'?

Answer

This Fundamental Right allows citizens to move to the court if they believe that any of their Fundamental Rights has been violated by the state.

Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Why did Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar urge Scheduled Castes to join the government as well as the civil services?

Answer

Dr. Ambedkar was an important member of the Constituent Assembly. He believed that his participation in the Assembly helped the Scheduled Castes get some safeguards in the draft Constitution. But he also stated that although the laws might exist, scheduled castes still had reason to fear because the administration of these laws were in the hands of upper caste Hindu officers. Therefore, he urged scheduled castes to join the government as well as the civil services. It would give them a chance to play their role in law-making.

2. Explain 'Parliamentary form of government'?

Answer

In a parliamentary system, the head of state is normally a different person from the head of government. It is a system of democratic governance of a state in which the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from, and is held accountable to, the legislature. The executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected.

3. What is a Constitution? What purposes does it serve?

Answer

A Constitution is a written document containing certain rules. It serves several purposes. It tells us what the fundamental nature of our society is. A country is usually made up of different communities of people who share certain beliefs but they may not necessarily agree on all issues. A Constitution helps serve as a set of rules and principles that all persons in a country can agree upon as the basis of the way in which they want the country to be governed.
The second important purpose of a Constitution is to define the nature of a country’s political system. In countries that have adopted a democratic form of government, the Constitution lays out certain important guidelines that govern decision-making within these societies.

4. Who do you mean by federal form of government? Why is it important?

Answer

Our Constitution provides for a federal form of government. This means that the responsibility of governing our country has been divided into the central government and the state governments. Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government.
India is a vast country. Different communities of people live here. Hence, a system of government needed to be devised that did not involve only persons silting in the capital city of New Delhi and making decisions for everyone. Instead, it was necessary to have another level of government in the states so that decisions could be made for that particular area. In this way, it will be easier to make positive efforts for the development of the country as well as the states.

5. What were the challenges before the members of the Constituent Assembly?

Answer

The following were the challenges before the members of the Constituent Assembly:
• The country was made up of several different communities who spoke different languages, practised different religions and had distinct cultures.
• At the time the Constitution was being written, the country was going through considerable turmoil. The partition of the country was imminent, some of the Princely States remained undivided about their future.
• The socio-economic condition of the vast mass of people appeared dismal. (d) Poverty was another major challenge.

6. What is meant by 'separation of power'? Why do you think it is important?

Answer

According to the Constitution, there are three organs of the State – the legislature, the excutive and the judiciary. In order to prevent the misure of power by anyone branch of the State, the Constitution says that each of these organs should exercise different powers. This is known as separation of powers.

7. Describe Right to Equality in detail.
 
Answer

Our Constitution states that all persons are equal before the law. This means that all persons shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. The Constitution also states that no citizen can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, caste or sex. Every person has an access to all public places such as hotels, playgrounds, shops, etc. The state cannot discriminate against anyone in matters of employment.

8. What were the different adverse situations that the Constitution makers had to face while drafting the constitution?

Answer

• The country was made up of several different communities who spoke different languages, belonged to different religions, and had distinct cultures.
• When the Constitution was being written, India was going through considerable turmoil because of its partition.
• Some of the Princely States remained undecided about their future and the socio-economic condition of the vast mass of people appeared dismal.

Chapter 1 The Indian Constitution Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Describe all the Fundamental Rights mentioned in the Constitution.

Answer

The Constitution of India guarantees certain basic rights to all its citizens. These rights are called Fundamental Rights. There are altogether six Fundamental Rights:

• Right to Equality. All persons are equal before the law. It means that all persons shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. It also states that no citzen can be discriminated against on the basics of their religion, caste or sex. Every person has access to all public places such as restaurants, parks, etc. The state cannot discriminate against anyone on matters of employment.

• Right to Freedom. Everyone has the right to freedom of speech and expressions, the right to move freely and reside in any part of the country and the right to practise any profession, occupation or business. 

• Right against Exploitation. The Indian Constitution prohibits trafficking, child labour and children working under 14 years of age.

• Right to Freedom of Religion. Everyone has the right to enjoy religious freedom. It means that everyone has the right to practise, profess and propagate the religion of their choice.

• Cultural and Educational Rights. Our Constitution states that all minorities, religious or linguistic, can set up their own educational institutions in order to preserve and develop their own culture.

• Right to Constitutional Remedies. A person has the right to go to the court for justice if he/she feels that his/her Fundamental Rights are being violated.

2. Describe the key features of the Indian Constitution.

Answer

The key features of the Indian Constitution are given below: 

• Federalism: Our Constitution has provided for a federal form of government. This means that we have government at the state level and at the centre. Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government. 

• Parliamentary form of Government: The different tiers of government consists of representatives who are elected by the people. The Constitution of India guarantees universal adult franchise for all citizens. This means that people of India have a direct role in electing their representatives. At the same time, every citizen of the country, irrespective of his/ her social background, can also contest in elections. These representatives are accountable to the people. 

• Separation of Powers: There are three organs of the state— the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. In order to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of the state, the Constitution says that each of these organs should exercise different powers. In this way, each organ acts as a check on the other organs of the state and this establishes a balance of power between the three.

• Fundamental Rights: Fundamental Rights are called the conscience of the Indian Constitution. These Rights protect against the absolute exercise of power by the state. The Constitution thus guarantees the rights of individuals against the state as well as against other individuals.

• Secularism: It is an important feature of our Constitution. A secular state is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion.
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