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Agriculture Extra Questions Chapter 4 Class 8 Geography

Chapter 4 Agriculture Extra Questions for Class 8 Geography Extra Questions will be useful during the preparation of exams and passing with flying colours. Class 8 Extra Questions provided will help you in understanding important points inside the chapter properly.

Agriculture Extra Questions Chapter 4 Class 8 Geography

Chapter 4 Agriculture Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Where is mixed farming practised?

Answer

Mixed farming is practised in Europe, eastern USA, Argentina, Southeast Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

2. What are tertiary activities?

Answer

Tertiary activities are those which provide support to primary and secondary activities.

3. What is arable land?

Answer

The land on which crops are grown is called arable land.

4. What is the basic function of the three basic types of economic activities?

Answer

The three types of economic activities are involved in the transformation from a plant to a finished product.

5. What is the basic function of the three basic types of economic activities?

Answer

The three types of economic activities are involved in the transformation from a plant to a finished product.

6. Where is nomadic herding practised?

Answer

Nomadic herding is practised in semi- arid and arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India.

7. What is the main feature of plantation agriculture?

Answer

In plantation agriculture only a single crop is grown over a large area.

8. Why is mixed farming called so?

Answer

In mixed farming the land is used for growing crops as well as rearing livestock.

9. Which two countries lead in the production of jute?

Answer

India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute.

10. What is organic farming?

Answer

Organic farming is a type of farming in which organic manure and natural pesticides are used instead of chemicals. No genetic modification is done to increase the yield of the crop.

11. How is subsistence farming classified?

Answer

Subsistence farming is classified into intensive and primitive subsistence agriculture.

12. What weather conditions are required in the growing and harvesting seasons of wheat?

Answer

In the growing season wheat requires moderate temperature and rainfall and in the harvesting season it needs bright sunshine.

Chapter 4 Agriculture Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Describe the climate conditions required for the proper cultivation of rice. Mention the main regions of its production.

Answer

Rice is a major food crop in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. Its cultivation needs high temperature, high humidity and rainfall. Its growth is best in alluvial clayey soils, since they have water retention capacity. China and India are the leading producers in the world. In favourable climatic conditions, even two to three crops are grown in a year.

2. Describe various types of economic activities. Give examples.

Answer

The three types of economic activities are primary, secondary and tertiary.
• Primary Activities: Those activities which involve direct extraction and production of natural resources are called primary activities. Examples: agriculture, fishing, mining.
• Secondary Activities: Those activities which are concerned with the processing of natural resources are called secondary activities. Examples: manufacturing of finished products.
• Tertiary Activities: Those activities which fall neither in the primary category nor the secondary category are called tertiary activities. They form a support to primary and secondary activities. Examples: selling goods, advertising and banking.

3. Distinguish between subsistence farming and commercial farming.

Answer

Subsistence farming is practised to meet the needs of the farm’s family. In this farming low levels of technology and household labour are used to produce small output. This is an old- fashioned method of farming.
In commercial farming crops are grown and animals are reared for sale in market. This farming is done on large areas and the amount of capital used is also very large. Most of the work is done by machines. This is a modern method of farming.

4. What do you understand by agricultural development?

Answer

Agricultural development refers to efforts made to increase production in farms so as to meet the ever growing demand of the population. The activities that come under this development are increasing the cropped area, growing more crops, improving irrigation, using fertilisers, sowing HYV (high-yielding variety) of seeds and by promoting mechanisation. Mechanisation ensures that little labour is done by the farmers; instead machines are used to provide efficiency.

5. Write in brief about intensive subsistence farming.

Answer

Intensive subsistence farming is a type of farming in which the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. Climate with large number of days with sunshine and fertile soils permit growing of more than one crop annually on the same small plot. Rice is the main crop grown by farmers under this method. Other crops are wheat, maize, pulses and oilseeds. Intensive-farming is prevalent in the thickly populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.

Chapter 4 Agriculture Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Describe commercial farming and its types in detail.

Answer

Commercial farming is the practice in which crops are grown exclusively for commercial purpose, i.e. for sale in the market. A large area is cultivated and huge capital is involved unlike subsistence farming. Machines are used to a large extent.
Commercial grain farming is a class of commercial farming. Crops like wheat and maize are grown for commercial purpose. The temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia are some common areas where it is seen.
Mixed farming is another type of commercial farming. The land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock. Some areas where it is followed are Europe, eastern USA, Argentina, south-east Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Plantations are a type of commercial farming where only a single crop (like tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton) is grown. Large amount of labour and capital are required. The produce is processed in the farm itself or nearby factories.

2. What are the important beverage crops. What are the climatic conditions required for their growth?

Answer

The important beverage crops are tea and coffee.
• Tea: It is grown on plantations. This requires cool climate and well-distributed high rainfall throughout the year for the growth of its tender leaves. It needs well-drained loamy soils and gentle slopes. It also needs labour in large number to pick up the leaves.
• Coffee: It is also grown on plantations. It requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop.
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