A Shirt in the Market Extra Questions Chapter 8 Class 7 Civics

Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market Class 7 Civics Extra Questions is very helpful in fetching good Marks in the examinations and encourage students to learn new topics. Extra Questions for Class 7 will inculcate correct learning habits among students.

A Shirt in the Market Extra Questions Chapter 8 Class 7 Civics


Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. _______ weaves clothes that have been made on order from the merchant.

Answer

Weaver.

2. How farmers are depended upon traders?

Answer

To take loans for cultivations, and for other expenses like illness, education of their kids etc.

3. When cotton is harvested?

Answer

The bolls carrying cotton takes several days to ripe and after it ripens it is harvested.

4. Where is cloth market of Erode located?

Answer

The cloth market of Erode is located in Tamil Nadu and is one of the largest cloth markets in the world.

5. Which products are produced in powerlooms?

Answer

A variety of sarees, towels, shirting, ladies’ dress material and bedsheets are produced in powerlooms.

6. Give an example of putting out system.

Answer

They use the cloth to make different dress.

7. What is a ginning mill?

Answer

A ginning mill is a factory where seeds are removed from cotton balls.

8. How government helps the weaver’s cooperatives?

Answer

The government helps the weaver’s cooperatives by buying cloth from them at a reasonable price.

9. Why are weavers depend on the merchants for raw materials?

Answer

Weavers are poor people. They cannot manage raw materials on their own. So they depend on the merchants for this. They are also dependent on the merchants for markets.

10. What does market offer?

Answer

Markets offer people different opportunities of buying and selling.

11. In what way weavers dependent upon cloth merchants?

Answer

Weaver weaves clothes that have been made on order from the merchant. Merchant also provide them yarn to weave clothes.

12. How garment exporting factories maximise their own profit?

Answer

They maximise their own profits by getting maximum work from workers at lowest price and supply the foreign buyers at cheap rates.

Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Differentiate between a large farmer and a small farmer.

Answer

A Large farmers sell their crop to the crop market at higher prices. Their situation is quite different from poor and small farmer because a small poor farmer needs to borrow money for cultivation and at the other time of exigencies. They have to sell their crops to the traders as they took loan from them and had no bargaining power. Large farmers don’t depend on others for money to start cultivation.

2. What will happen if weavers themselves purchase raw materials?

Answer

Weavers would definitely earn more. But they are too poor to buy yarn on their own. They need loan at reasonable rate of interest, the weavers will buy yarn at the lowest possible price and will sell cloth at the highest possible price.

3. Why do foreign businesses buy products from suppliers?

Answer

Foreign buyers do business strictly on their own terms. They demand the lowest prices from the supplier. In addition, they set high standard for quality of production and timely delivery. Any defects or delay in delivery is dealt with strictly. The garment exporters agree on these demands because they need order in bulk. They try their best to meet the conditions set by these powerful buyers by cutting costs.

4. Where do you think the large farmers would sell their cotton? How is their situation different from small and poor farmers?

Answer

Large farmers would sell their cotton to the cotton market at higher prices. Their situation is quite different from poor and small farmer because unlike them, A small poor farmer needs to borrow money for cultivation and at the other time of exigencies. They have to sell cotton to the traders as they took loan from them and had no bargaining power. Large farmers don’t depend on others for money to start cultivation.

5. Why the putting-out-system is advantageous for the weavers?

Answer

The putting-out-system is advantageous for the weavers in the following two ways:
• The weavers do not have to spend their money on purchase of yarn.
• The problem of selling the finished cloth is taken care of. They do not need to bother for the sale of the finished cloth.

Chapter 8 A Shirt in the Market Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Describe in briefly about Erode market?

Answer

The cloth market of Erode in located is Tamil Nadu. It is a bi-weekly market and oneof the largest cloth markets in the world. A large variety of cloths are sold in this market. Cloth that is made by weavers in the villages around is also brought here for sale. Around the market are offices of cloth merchants who buy this cloth. Other traders from many south Indian towns also come to purchase cloth in this market. On market days, weavers bring cloth that has been made on order from then merchant. These merchants supply cloth on order to garment manufacturers and exporters around the country. They purchase the yarn and give instructions to the weavers about the kind of cloth that is to be made. At the cloth market, the merchants sell the cloth to the garment factories.

2. What do you mean Putting-out-system?

Answer

Putting-out-system is a system in which a merchant supplies the raw material to the weavers and receives the finished product. For the weavers, this arrangement seemingly has two advantages. They do not have to spend their money on purchase of yarn. Also, they don’t have to bother for the sale of the
finished cloth. But at the same time this system is harmful too. It increases the dependence of
weavers on the merchants both for raw materials and markets. As a result the merchants become powerful. They give orders for what is to be made and they pay a very low price for making the cloth. The weavers have no way of knowing who they are making the cloth for or at what price it will be sold. At the cloth market the merchants sell the cloth to the garment factories and earn huge profits. On the other hand, the weavers who work so hard earn very little.
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