The Mughal Empire Extra Questions Chapter 4 Class 7 History

On this page you will get Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Extra Questions for Class 7 History which will be helpful in getting more marks in the examinations. Class 7 Extra Questions will let you know about important points given inside the chapter.

The Mughal Empire Extra Questions Chapter 4 Class 7 History

Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. What were the Mughals proud of?

Answer

The Mughals were proud of their Timurid ancestry.

2. Name the Mughal ruler who followed the coparcenary inheritance.

Answer

Humayun.

3. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari?

Answer

Abul Fazl.

4. Mughals permanently lost Qandhar during the reign of _______.

Answer

Shah Jahan.

5. Chittor was the capital of __________.

Answer

Sisodiya Rajputs.

6. What is the name of the policy of peaceful co-existence adopted by Akbar?

Answer

Sulh-i-kul.

7. The immediate threat in the year 1500 to the Mughal authority was the _________.

Answer

Afghans.

8. Who constructed Fatehpur-Sikri?

Answer

Akbar.

9. Akbar became emperor at the age of ______ years.

Answer

13 years.

10. Who was Genghis Khan?

Answer

The founder of the Mongol Empire.

11. What do you understand by Zabt?

Answer

A revenue system.

12. What was the real name of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan?

Answer

Khurram.

13. Name the autonomous state founded by Saadat Khan.

Answer

Awadh.

14. The system in which elder son succeeds father after death was ________.

Answer

Primogeniture inheritance.

15. Between whom the battle of Khanua was faught?

Answer

Ranthambor.

16. Who was Mughal’s Mongol competitor?

Answer

Uzbeks.

17. In what form does the Mansabdars received salaries?

Answer

Jagirs.

18. In 1527, Akbar defeated which ruler at Kahuna?

Answer

Rana Sanga.

19. In Iran, he received help from whom?

Answer

Safavid Khan.

20. What was the previous name of Jahangir?

Answer

Salim.

21. In which year did Aurangzeb defeat the atoms?

Answer

1663.

22. Empire was divided into province called______.

Answer

Subas.

23. Name the place captured by Akbar after the capture of the Sisodiya capital Chittor.

Answer

Qandahar.

24. What is a dogma?

Answer

A dogma is a statement or an interpretation declared as authoritative with the expectation that it would be followed without question.

Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. What important measures were taken by Akbar to consolidate his empire?

Answer

Akbar ascended the throne in 1556 A.D. He was a great ruler who took various steps to consolidate his empire. He founded an empire that was truly secular in character. Being a great warrior and conqueror Akbar extended his boundaries by conquering Gujarat, Bengal, Kashmir, Sind, Central India, Deccan states, and many other states.He followed the policy of religious tolerance and established friendly relations with the Rajputs in particular and the Hindus in general.He organized his administration on sound footing and took various steps for the welfare of his subjects.

2. Give a brief account of Babur and the major events of his reign.

Answer

Babur founded the Mughal empire in India. He was only 12 years old when he succeeded to the throne of Ferghana. But he was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of the Uzbegs, a Mongol group. He wandered for years and finally seized Kabul in 1504. The year 1526 had a great significance in his life. In this year he defeated the Delhi Sultan, Ibrahim Lodi and captured Delhi and Agra. However, he could rule only for four years, i.e. from 1526 to 1530.

3. What were the military responsibilities of Mansabdars?

Answer

Military responsibilities of Mansabdars were:
• The Mansabdar was required to maintain a specified number of cavalrymen
• The mansabdar had to bring his cavalrymen for review, get them registered and get their horses branded.

4. Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar?

Answer

Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Akbar adopted a special policy to handle the Rajputs. He was a far sighted ruler who knew that there could be no permanent Mughal rule in India without the support of the Rajputs. Akbar wanted to be friendly with these Rajputs states instead of subjugating. For this he adopted all possible measures like matrimonial alliances and assigning higher posts to Rajput chiefs. This made his position stronger and they became his loyal Comrades.

5. What were the reasons for Babur's success in the First battle of Panipat?

Answer

The reasons for success of Babur in the first battle of Panipat were:
• Strong artillery which was a new introduction in the Indian army and a well-trained cavalry
• Good generalship. Babur arranged his soldiers in such a way that they could move easily from one part of the battle to other.

6. Explain the Mughal relations with other rulers.

Answer

Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against rulers who refused to accept their authority. But as the Mughals became powerful, many other rulers joined them voluntarily. The Rajputs were a good example. Many of them married their daughters into Mughal families and received high positions. But many resisted as well.

7. Describe Akbar's idea of sulh-i-kul or universal peace.

Answer

Akbar’s idea of sulh-i-kul or universal peace was based on the idea of tolerance. This idea of tolerance did not discriminate between people of different religions in his realm. Instead it focused on a system of ethics such as honesty, justice and peace. This system was universally applicable.

8. Who were Mansabdars?

Answer

The term 'mansabdar' refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a 'position or rank'. It was a grading system used by the Mughals to fix the rank, salary and military responsibilities. Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called 'zat'. The higher the 'zat', the more prestigious was the noble's position in court and was larger his salary. 'Mansabdars' received their salaries as revenue assignments called 'jagirs' which were somewhat like iqtas.

9. Write a short note on Shah-Jahan military campaigns.

Answer

Shah Jahan became the ruler in 1627 A.D. Mughal campaigns continued in the Deccan under Shah Jahan. He faced rebellions of Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi who was defeated by him. He failed in his central Asian campaigns .The campaign to seize Balkh from the Uzbegs was unsuccessful and Qandahar was lost to the Safavids. He led various campaigns against the three Deccan states. Ahmadnagar was taken in 1633 A.D. Bijapur was submitted in 1636 A.D. and Golconda in 1665 A.D.

10. Give a brief account of the conquests of Akbar?

Answer

When Akbar was crowned in 1556 A.D. the Mughal Empire was scattered. He established a vast kingdom by conquering other kingdoms.
• He captured Gwalior, Ajmer, Jaunpur and Malwa. He also succeeded in capturing the famous forts of Ranthambhor and Chittor.
• Military campaigns in Gujarat were followed by campaigns in the east in Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. • Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan.
• From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar.

11. Describe the revenue system started by Todar Mal?

Answer

Todar Mal was Akbar’s revenue minister. He introduced a new system for assessing the land revenue. Under this system, he carried out a careful survey of crop yields, prices and areas cultivated for a 10-year period, 1570-1580. On the basis of this data, tax was fixed on each crop in cash. Todar Mal divided each province into revenue circles with its own schedule of revenue rates for individual crops. This revenue system was known as zabt.

12. What do you know about the relationship between the Mughals and the Rajputs?

Answer

The Mughal relations with the Rajputs were more or less friendly. The Mughal rulers campaigned constantly against the rulers who refused to accept their authority. But as the Mughals became powerful many other rulers joined them voluntarily. The Rajputs were prominent among them. Many of them married their daughters into Mughal families and received high positions. But many resisted as well. The Sisodiya Rajputs refused to accept Mughal authority for a long time. But when they were defeated, the Mughals did not insult them. Instead they treated them honourably.

Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. What were the main features of Akbar's administration?

Answer

• Mughal administration under Akbar was a centralised monarchy. Although the King enjoyed absolute power, the welfare of the people was given top priority.
• Akbar’s empire was divided into provinces called subas, governed by a subadar who carried out both political and military functions. Each province also had a financial officer or diwan.
• For the maintenance of peace and order in his province, the subadar was supported by other officers such as the military paymaster (bakhshi), the minister in charge of religions and charitable patronage (sadr), military commanders (faujdars) and the town police commander (Kotwal). The qazi was the chief justice of the empire.
• The mansabdari system was an important feature of the Mughal’s administration. The mansabdar had to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. He brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary. Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs.

2. Describe the Mansabdari or the Jagirdari system of Mughal India.

Answer

• Turkish Nobles, Indian Muslims, Afghans and Rajputs joined the Mughal services as mansabdars. Amansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a rank or a position used by the Mughals to fix rank, salary and military responsibility of the individual.
• His military responsibility required him to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. His salary was determined by the numerical value ofzat.
• The higher the numerical value of zat, the higher was his salary and position in court. Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called Jagirs.
• They did not actually reside in their Jagirs but appointed servants to collect revenues from the people.
• They even got paid on the quality of horses that they maintained.

3. Define the following terms in one line:-

Akbarnama, Shahinshah, Sulh-i-kul, Mansabdar, Sarkar and Imperial.

Answer

Akbarnama - Biography of Akbar by Abul Fazal
Shahinshah - The Emperor
Sulh-i-kul - Peace & Harmony
Mansabdar - Military Governer
Sarkar- The province under Mughals
Imperial - Pertaining to the emperor.
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