The Delhi Sultans Extra Questions Chapter 3 Class 7 History

Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Class 7 History Extra Questions with answers is available on this page that will help you in knowing about important points given inside the chapter. Extra Questions for Class 7 will be used to prepare yourself well before examinations.

The Delhi Sultans Extra Questions Chapter 3 Class 7 History

Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Who was the founder of the Sayyed dynasty?

Answer

Khizr Khan.

2. Delhi was made capital by the rulers of__________.

Answer

Tomar dynasty.

3. During whose reign Sultanate faced maximum Mongol invasion?

Answer

Alauddin Khalji.

4. Mughal emperor Humayun, was defeated by_______.

Answer

Sher shah.

5. Who invaded Southern India for the first time?

Answer

Alauddin Khalji.

6. Who made the plan to capture Monghol territory?

Answer

Mohammad Tughluq.

7. Where the idea of "Three orders" was first formulated?

Answer

France.

8. Who abolished Iqta?

Answer

Alauddin Khalji.

9. A type of coin minted at Delhi is known as the __________.

Answer

The Dehliwal type.

10. Which language was the administrative language of the Delhi Sultanates?

Answer

Persian.

11. Who was Rudramadevi?

Answer

Rudramadevi was queen of Kakatiya dynasty of Warangal.

12. The Quwat-al-Islam is located in__________.

Answer

Delhi.

13. The holders of Iqta were known as ____________.

Answer

Iqtadars.

14. Who founded the City of Delhi called the "Sanctuary of the World"?

Answer

Muhammed Tughlaq.

15. Name a famous traveler who came from the country of Morocco in the fourteenth century.

Answer

Ibn batuta.

16. Who was the emperor in charge of constructing the Moth Ki Masjid?

Answer

Sikander Lodi.

17. Moth Ki Masjid was constructed during the time of ________.

Answer

Kharaj.

18. When was Begumpuri mosque built?

Answer

During the regime of Muhammad Tughluq.

19. Who was Queen Didda?

Answer

Queen Didda was ruler in Kashmir between 980-1003.

20. When did Raziyya become Sultan?

Answer

Raziyya became Sultan of Delhi in 1236.

Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. State the conditions under which Delhi became an important commercial centre.

Answer

Delhi first became a capital kingdom under the Tomara Rajputs. They were defeated by the chauhans or the Chamanas in the twelfth century who were from Ajmer. It was then that Delhi became a commercial centre. Many Jaina merchants lived in the city and constructed important temples.Coins minted here had a wide circulation.

2. Mention all the ways in which the chieftains arranged themselves for their defense?

Answer

A fourteenth century traveler 'Ibn Battuta' explained that the Chieftains fortified themselves in mountains, in Rocky, uneven and rugged places, as well as in bamboo groves. They lived in these forests, which serve them as ramparts, inside which was their cattle and the crop, and water was available for them, this is usually rain water. These chieftains cannot be subdued except by powerful armies who enter the forests by cutting the bamboos with special instruments.

3. Why was Raziya, daughter of Sultan Iltutmish removed from the throne of Delhi?

Answer

In 1236, Sultan iltutmish's daughter Raziya became the Sultan. Minhaj-i-Siraj the chronicler of that time recognised that she was better qualified than her brothers to rule the kingdom but as per the rules and norms of Gender distinctions and Birthright he was not comfortable with a female becoming the ruler,even the nobles were not happy. She was removed from the throne in 1240.

4. What do you know about the authors of tawarikh?

Answer

The authors of tawarikh were learned men, secretaries, administrators, poets and courtiers, who both recounted events and advised rulers or governance, emphasising the importance of just rule. They also advised rulers on the need to preserve an ideal social order based on birthright and gender distinctions. Their ideals were not shared by everybody. They usually lived in cities and often wrote their histories for Sultans in the hope of rich rewards.

5. Discuss briefly the types of taxes in Delhi Sultanate.

Answer

There were three types of taxes:
• The tax levied on crops was called 'kharaj' which was about 50 percent of the peasant's produce.
• The second tax was on the cattle.
• The third tax was on the Houses.

6. Who were the iqtadars or the muqti and what was their role?

Answer

The Khalji and the Tughlaq monarchs appointed military commanders as governers of territories. These land were called the Iqta and the landholders were called Iqtadars or the muqti. The role of the muqti was to lead military campaigns and to maintain peace and order in their Iqtas.

7. Why do you think Barani critisised Sultan Muhammed Tughluq?

Answer

Sultan muhammed Tughluq appointed Aziz Khummar, a wine distiller, Firuj Hajjam, a barber, Manka tabbakh, a cook and two garderners Ladhs and Pira to high administrative posts.Ziyauddin barani , a fourteenth century chronicler reported the appointments as a sign of the sultan's loss of judgement and his incapacity to rule. Thus, Barani critisised Sultan Muhammed Tughluq.

8. Who were the bandagans and what was their role in the Delhi Sultanate?

Answer

The Bandagans were special slaves purchased for military service by the early sultans especially Illtutmish. They were carefully trained to man important political offices in the kingdom. They were totally dependent on the masters and the Sultan could trust them implicitly.

9. What forced the two rulers Allauddin Khilji and Muhammed Tughluq to mobilise a large standing army in Delhi?

Answer

The Mongols under Genghis Khan attacked the Delhi Sultanate repeatedly after 1219.This forced the two rulers to mobilise a large standing army in Delhi because the attacks increased during the reign of Allaudin Khilji and in the early years of Muhammed Tughluq's rule.

10. According to the 'Circle of Justice' why was it important for military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind?

Answer

Peasantry formed the most important segment of the society. A king’s administration could run
smoothly only when peasants were in the capacity to pay the revenue. And peasants could pay revenue only when they were prosperous and happy. That happened when the king promoted justice and honest governance.

11. What did the Iqtadar or Muqtis do with the revenue they collected from the region?

Answer

The duty of Iqtadar or Muqti was to maintain law and order in their iqtas. In exchange of their services, they collected revenues of their assignments as salary. They also paid the soldiers from the revenue they collected. These muqti's were assigned iqtas for a short period of time to maintain control.

12. What happened to the landed chieftains and rich landlords under Alauddin Khalji?

Answer

The Delhi Sultan brought the hinterland of the cities under their control and forced the landed chieftains and rich landlords to accept their authority. Under Alauddin Khalji the state brought the assessment and collection of land revenue under its own control. As a result, the rights of the local chieftains to levy taxes were cancelled and they were also forced to pay taxes.

13. Why did the Delhi Sultans use to give high political positions to their slaves? How did it become a cause of political instability?

Answer

The early Delhi Sultans favoured their special slaves, purchased for military service. They were carefully trained to man some of the most important political offices in the kingdom. Since they were totally dependent upon their masters, the Sultans could trust and rely upon them. However, that also introduced an element of political instability. Slaves were loyal to their masters and patrons, but not to their heirs. New Sultans had their own servants. As a result, the accession of a new monarch often saw conflict between the old and the new nobility.

14. How did the Delhi Sultanate face the Mongols onslaught?

Answer

Mongol attacks on the Delhi Sultanate increased during the reign of Alauddin Khalji and in the early years of Muhammad Tughluq’s rule. This forced the two rulers to mobilise a large standing army in Delhi as a defensive measure. Alauddin was able to repulse the Mongol attacks by dint of this army. Muhammad Tughluq also succeeded in defeating the Mongol army. He was confident about the strength of his army and his resources to plan an attack on Transoxiana and finally defeating the Mongols.

15. What is meant by the 'internal' and 'external' frontiers of the Sultanate?

Answer

The Delhi Sultanate expanded during the reigns of Ghiyasuddin Balban, Alauddin Khalji and Muhammad Tughluq. The first set of campaigns occurred along the internal frontier of the Sultanate. It aimed at consolidating the hinterlands of the garrison towns. The second expansion occurred along the ‘external frontier’ of the Sultanate. It aimed at the south Indian rulers like the Kakatiyas, Hoysalas, and others. 

Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Describe the main features of Alauddin Khalji's administration.

Answer

• Like the earlier Sultans, Alauddin Khalji too favoured his special slaves purchased for military service. He also raised people of humble birth, who were often his clients, to high political positions. They were appointed as generals and governors. They were kept in charge of territories of varying sizes. These lands were called iqtas and their holder was called iqtadar or muqti.
• These muqtis were assigned to lead military campaigns and maintain law and order in their iqtas. In exchange for their military services, the muqtis collected the revenues of their assignments as salary.
• These muqtis were kept under effective control. Accountants were appointed by the state to
check the amount of revenue collected by the muqtis.
• As the Delhi Sultans brought the hinterland of the cities under their control, they forced the landed chieftains and rich landlords to accept their authority.
• Under Alauddin Khalji the state brought the assessment and collection of land revenue under its own control. The rights of the local chieftains to levy taxes were cancelled and they were also forced to pay taxes. The Sultan’s administrators measured the land and kept careful accounts.

2. How can you say that Muhammad Tughluq's administrative measures were a failure?

Answer

Muhammad Tughluq’s administrative measures were a failure in the following ways:
• His campaign into Kashmir was a disaster. He then gave up his plans to invade Transoxiana and disbanded his large army.
• His administrative measures created complications . He shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad
because it was more centrally located than Delhi in the Sultanate. He was right upto this. But he made a
mistake by ordering the common people as well as his court and officials to shift from Delhi to Daulatabad. This decision of Tughluq was severely resented.
• The raising of taxes during the time of a severe famine in the Ganga-Yamuna belt led to widespread rebellion.
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