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The Making of Regional Cultures Extra Questions Chapter 9 Class 7 History

Chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures Class 7 History Extra Questions is very helpful for the purpose of the exams. Extra Questions for Class 7 will guide students to act in a better way an frame better answers in the examinations.

The Making of Regional Cultures Extra Questions Chapter 9 Class 7 History


Chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. "Lilatilakam" deals in grammar and ___________.

Answer

Poetics.

2. The songs of Maynamati and Gopichandra together makes_________.

Answer

Nath literature.

3. The kathak caste was traditionally associated in the temples of _______________.

Answer

Northern India.

4. Name the author of Rasamanjari.

Answer

Bhanudatta.

5. Who was the last Nawab of Awadh?

Answer

Wajid Ali Shah.

6. When Lilatilakam was written?

Answer

4th century.

7. Name the painting style that developed in 17th century near the Himalayan foothills.

Answer

Basohli

8. State one of the unique features of the Kangra painting.

Answer

Lyrical treatment of themes.

9. The first literary works in Malayalam language resembles with which language?

Answer

Sanskrit language.

10. Rajasthan was called Rajputana by the_________.

Answer

British.

11. Official records were kept in regional language by ________.

Answer

Chera kingdom.

12. _________ are considered as contributors to the distinctive culture of Rajasthan.

Answer

Rajputs.

13. The women of defeated kings sometimes committed _______.

Answer

Jauhar.

14. Who used to perform Jauhar?

Answer

Women belonging to royal household.

15. In Persian language, spiritual guide is known as_______.

Answer

Pir.

16. The traditions that inspired the Kangra paintings due to which it developed into miniature paintings were____________.

Answer

Vaishnavite tradition.

17. Why Puri is famous?

Answer

Rathayatra festival.

18. Name the place where Malayalam is mostly spoken?

Answer

Kerala.

19. Who was the leader of the Vaishnava bhakti movement in Bengal?

Answer

Chaitanyadeva.

20. Name a Ganga king, who declared himself as the "Deputy" of the god.

Answer

Anangabhima.

Chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Who were Kathaks?

Answer

Kathaks were originally a caste of story tellers in the temples of north India. They performed in village squares and temple courtyards. They were mostly specialized in recounting mythological and moral tales from the scriptures, and embellished their recitals with hand gestures and facial expressions.

2. Write short notes on miniature paintings.

Answer

Miniature paintings are small in size and generally are drawn in water colour on cloth or paper. The earliest miniatures were drawn on palm leaves or wood. Some of the most beautiful miniatures are found in western India and were used to illustrate Buddhist and Jaina texts. Themes used in the miniature paintings were from Indian epics like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata Purana, Rasamanjari as well as ragas of Indian classical music, etc.

3. When was the Chera Kingdom established?

Answer

The Chera kingdom of Mahodayapuam was established in the ninth century in the south-western part of the peninsula, part of present day Kerala. The language of this region was Malayalam.

4. How did Kathak evolve as a dance form?

Answer

Kathak is the major classical dance form of northern India. The word Kathak means ‘to tell a story’. It is derived from the dance dramas of ancient India. As the name implies, this dance form originated in the temples where the priests would recite and emote out mythological stories and accompany them
with hand gestures and facial expressions. This form of story-telling was adopted by story-tellers in temples, streets and various gatherings and evolved into an early version of the dance form that was passed on from generation to generation. The bhakti movement brought new influences of devotion and love to Kathak. Dances to stories of Radha-Krishna and other Hindu Gods were incorporated into the dance form.

5. Name the regions that attracted the miniatures.

Answer

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, miniature artists who were patronised by the Mughal emperors moved to the regional courts of Deccan and the Rajput courts of Rajasthan. They depicted the rulers and court scenes and themes from mythology and poetry. The core of miniature painting lies in Rajasthan and can be traced back to its school of Jodhpur, Jaipur, Mughal, Kangra and Mewar. While the Mughal School features muted colours, giving it a shadow and depth, the Rajasthan School uses bold primary colours which give the painting an abstract look.

6. Bengali literature can be divided into how many categories?

Answer

Bengali literature can be divided into two categories:
• One category of literature is indebted to Sanskrit. Under this category come the translated Sanskrit epics, the Mangalakavyas (auspicious poems) and bhakti literature such as the biographies of Chaitanya, the leader of the Vaishnavite movement.
• The second category includes Nath literature such as the songs of Maynamati and Gopichandra stories concerning the worship of Dharma Thakur and tales, folk tales and ballads.

7. Who built Jagannath temple at Puri and which deities are worshipped over there?

Answer

In the 12th century, a ruler of Ganga dynasty Anantavarman erected a temple for Purushottama Jagannatha at Puri. The Jagannath temple at Puri gained great importance and became a centre of pilgrims for both Hindus & Buddhists.The three deities namely Jagannatha, Sudhadra and Balbhadra represents Buddha, Dharma and Sangha, are worshipped over there.

8. What was the style of miniature that developed in Himachal Pradesh?

Answer

In the region of Himachal Pradesh by the late seventeenth century, a bold and intense style of miniature painting called Basohli developed. This style of painting is characterized by vigorous use of primary colours and a peculiar facial formula prevalent in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries in the foothills of the Western Himalayas in the Jammu and Punjab States

9. Explain in brief the gharanas of Kathak dance form.

Answer

After Mughals, several schools or styles known as gharnas like Lucknow gharna, Jaipur gharana, Banaras gharana which helped the artists to take new challenges and obtain their individual mastery. Jaipur gharana include a command of complicated pure dance patterns. Lucknow style is famous for graceful expression of romantic feelings. It is characterized by precise, fine detailed movements and an emphasis on the exposition of thumri, a semi classical style of love song. Pandit Birju Maharaj also belong to Lucknow gharana.

10. What was the Kangara school of painting?

Answer

Nadir Shah invaded India and captured Delhi in 1739. This invasion resulted in the migration of Mughal artists to the hills. They found new school called the Kangara school of painitng. They got the inspiration from the Vaishnavite tradition. The famous colours of this were soft colours such as blue and green.

11. Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagnnatha at Puri?

Answer

The Jagannath temple at Puri gained importance as a centre of pilgrimage in due course. Its authority in social and political matters also increased. Therefore, all those who conquered Orissa, such as the Mughals, the Marathas and the English East India Company, tried to gain control over the temple. They felt that this would make their rule easily acceptable to the local people.

12. Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of hearoes?

Answer

Stories about Rajput heroes and their valour were recorded in poems and songs and were recited by specially trained minstrels. These preserved the memories of the heroes and were expected to inspire others to follow their example. Ordinary people were also attracted by these stories which often depicted loyalty, friendship, love, valour, etc.

Chapter 9 The Making of Regional Cultures Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Give a short note on temple construction activity in Bengal?

Answer

Temple building started in the 19th century with the influence of Bhakti saints led by Chaitanya. Temples were constructed by individuals or groups to represent their might of power. Through proclaiming deity they gained wide acceptance of people. Brick and terra cota temples were built in Bengal during this period. Some of the important temples built during this period are Vishupur (17th century) and Kantaji's temple of Dinajpur(18th century) now in Bangladesh built by low social groups like bell metal workers (kansari) and oil pressers (kolu).Some of these temples are double or four roofed.

2. Describe the growth of Bengali as a regional language.

Answer

Bengali is recognised as a language derived from Sanskrit but early Sanskrit texts suggest that the people of Bengal did not speak Sanskritic languages. This contradiction raises a question how the new language emerged.
• From the fourth-third centuries BCE, commercial ties began to develop between Bengal and Magadha, which might have led to the growing influence of Sanskrit. During the fourth century the Gupta rulers established political control over north Bengal and began to settle brahmanas in this area. Thus, the linguistic and cultural influence from the mid-Ganga valley became stronger.
• From the eighth century, Bengal became the centre of a regional Kingdom under the Palas. Between the 14th and 16th centuries, Bengal was ruled by Sultans. In 1586, when Akbar conquered Bengal, it formed the nucleus of the Bengal suba. While Persian was the language of administration, Bengali developed as a regional language.
• By the 15th century, the Bengali group of dialect came to be united by a common literary language based on the spoken language of the western part of the region, now known as West Bengal. Thus, although Bengali is derived from Sanskrit, it passed through several stages of evolution.
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