Life in the Temperate Grasslands Extra Questions Class 7 Geography

Here you will find Life in the Temperate Grasslands Class 7 Geography Extra Questions that is very useful in knowing how questions can be framed in the examinations and prepare accordingly. Extra Questions for Class 7 will increase concentration among students and learning diverse topics.

Life in the Temperate Grasslands Extra Questions Class 7 Geography


Life in the Temperate Grasslands Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. Temperate grass land of North America is known as _______.

Answer

Prairies.

2. Which city is known as the gold capital of world?

Answer

Johannesburg.

3. In which two broad categories are the world's grasslands divided?

Answer

The world’s grasslands are divided into two broad categories: temperate grasslands and tropical grasslands.

4. Kimberly is famous for _____.

Answer

Diamond.

5. Where Drakensburg mountain lies?

Answer

South Africa.

6. Cattle farms in the North American grassland is known as?

Answer

Ranches.

7. What are velds?

Answer

Velds are the temperate grasslands of South Africa. They are rolling plateaus with varying heights ranging from 600 m to 1100 m. 

8. The word prairie originated from Latin word priata which means ______.

Answer

Meadow.

9. What do you know about 'Chinook'?

Answer

Chinook is a local, hot wind blowing in winter in the prairies. It raises the temperature within a short time.

10. Why prairies are known as the “GRANARIES” of the world?

Answer

Because of the huge surplus of wheat production prairies are also known as the granaries of the world.

11. What is the major crop of prairies area?

Answer

Major crops are-maize, and other crops including potatoes, soya bean, cotton and alfa-alfa grass.

12. What is combine?

Answer

A machine which can sow, plough and work as thresher all by itself.

13. Name the main crops of South African grassland?

Answer

Main crops are-maize, wheat, barley, oats and potato and cash crops like tobacco, sugarcane and cotton are grown.

14. Name the countries that are covered by the velds.

Answer

Swaziland, Mozambique, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Namibia.

Life in the Temperate Grasslands Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Describe the climate of prairies grassland.

Answer

Being located in the heart of a continent, the climate is of continental type with extreme temperatures. The summer is warm with temperature or around 20 degree centigrade while the winter is -20 degree centigrade has been recorded Winnipeg, Canada.

2. What are the temperate grasslands of South Africa known as?

Answer

The temperate grasslands of South Africa are known as the velds. Velds are rolling plateaus with varying heights. The veld region is bound by the Drakensburg mountains on the east. To its west lies the Kalahari desert. The northeastern part of the plateau is called the high velds which attain a height of more than 1600 m in some places. The tributaries of rivers Orange and Limpopo drain the region.

3. What type of climate found in veld?

Answer

The veld has a mild climate due to the influence of the Indian Ocean. Winters are cold and dry. Temperatures vary between 5 to 10 degree and July is the coldest month. Summer is short and warm.

4. In temperate grassland, there is major difference in temperature in various parts. Why?

Answer

In temperate grassland, there is major difference in temperature in various parts because of two regions:
• Difference in the distance from the sea
• Differences in north-south extension of the region.

5. What is the major and most important occupation of the people of the South African grassland?

Answer

Gold, diamond and mining are major occupation and sheep rearing is the most important occupation of the people of the South African grassland. Dairy farming is the next important occupation.

6. Describe the flora and fauna of the South African grasslands.

Answer

The South Africa grasslands or the velds do not have rich vegetation cover. Grasses dominate the landscape. Red grass grows in bush velds. In the high velds acacia and maroola are seen to be growing. The animals found in the velds are lions, leopards, cheetah and kudu.

7. How have the prairies become the 'Granaries of the World'?

Answer

The people of the prairie region are very hardworking and up-to-date. They use the latest technology to make the maximum utilisation of their rich natural resources. Two of the most developed countries in the world the USA and Canada are located in this region. Scientific methods of cultivation and use of
tractors, harvesters and combines has made North America a surplus food producer. The prairies are also called the ‘Granaries of the world’ because of the huge surplus of wheat production.

8. Describe the location of the North American grasslands.

Answer

Prairies are found both in USA and Canada, roughly between 40°N and 55°N latitudes. They are bound by the Rocky Mountains in the west and the Great Lakes in the East. In the USA, the prairies extend over the states of North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Montana and Iowa. The area of American prairies is drained by the tributaries of Mississippi and the Canadian prairies are drained by the tributaries of Saskatchewan rivers. The Canadian prairies include provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Ontario.

Life in the Temperate Grasslands Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Describe the flora and fauna found in the prairies.

Answer

• Flora: Prairies are almost treeless. Where water is available, trees such as willows, alders and poplars grow. Places that receive rainfall of over 50 cm are suitable for farming as the soil is fertile. Though the major crop of this region is maize, other crops including potatoes, soyabean, cotton and alfa-alfa are also grown. Areas where rainfall is very little or unreliable, grasses are short and sparse.

• Fauna: The prairie region is suitable for cattle rearing. Large cattle farms called ranches are looked after by cowboys. Bison or the American buffalo is the most important animal of this region. It is on the verge of extinction due to its indiscriminate hunting. So it has been declared a protected species. The other animals found in the prairie region are rabbits, coyotes, gophers and prairie dog.
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