Life in the Deserts Extra Questions Chapter 9 Class 7 Geography

Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts Extra Questions for Class 7 Geography is very helpful in knowing about important points given inside the chapter and improving marks in the exams. Class 7 Extra Questions will increase concentration among students and framing good answers.

Life in the Deserts Extra Questions Chapter 9 Class 7 Geography


Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs):


1. ____ is one of the coldest inhabited places on earth is located in Ladakh.

Answer

Drass.

2. Where are depression formed?

Answer

Depression are formed when wind blow away the sands.

3. The chiru is an endangered species hunted for its wool known as _____.

Answer

Shahtoot.

4. Where are the hot desert found?

Answer

The hot desert are found mainly on the western margins of the continent between latitudes 15 to 30 degree both north and south of the equator.

5. What mainly attracts tourist to Ladakh?

Answer

Meadows and glacier mainly attracts tourist to Ladakh.

6. Name the famous monasteries of Ladakh.

Answer

The famous monasteries of the Ladakh are Hemis, Thiksey, Shey and Lamayuru.

7. What is desertification?

Answer

Every year about 1, 22,000 sq. kms of agricultural land is made worthless. This process is called desertification.

8. How is an oasis formed?

Answer

Depressions are formed when the wind blows away the sands. In the depressions where underground water reaches the surface, an Oasis is formed.

9. The national highway 1A connects Leh to Kashmir valley through the _______ pass.

Answer

Zojila.

10. How many countries touches the Sahara desert?

Answer

Eleven.

11. What are the two types of deserts found in the world?

Answer

Two types of deserts found in the world are hot deserts and cold deserts.

12. Name the world’s largest desert.

Answer

Sahara.

13. Tafilalet oasis in ______ is a large oasis with an area of about 13000 sq.km.

Answer

Morocco.

14. Name the trees that grow in Ladakh.

Answer

Willows and poplars.

Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts Short Answer Questions (SAQs):


1. Describe the type of animals and plants found in hot Sahara desert region.

Answer

Vegetation in Sahara desert includes cactus, date, palms and acacia. In some place there are oasis, green islands with date palms surrounding them. Camels, hyenas, jackal, foxes, scorpions, Snakes and lizards are the prominent species.

2. Mention the relief features of Ladakh region.

Answer

Ladakh is located in the Great Himalayas, on the eastern side of Jammu and Kashmir. The Karakoram range lies in the north and the Zanskar mountains lie in the south. Several rivers including Indus flow through Ladakh. The rivers form deep valley and gorges. Several glaciers are found in Ladakh.

3. What type of vegetation of cold desert Ladakh found?

Answer

In Ladakh, due to high aridity the vegetation is sparse. There are scanty patches of grasses and shrubs for animals to graze. Grove of willows and poplars are seen in the valleys.

4. What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?

Answer

Ladakh is located at high altitude. So the climate here is extremely cold and dry. The air at the altitude of 8,000 m is so thin that the heat of the sun can be felt intensely. The day temperatures in summers are just above zero degree and the night temperatures below –30°C. It is freezing cold in the winters because temperatures may remain below –40°C for most of the time. There is a little rainfall. The area experiences freezing winds and burning hot sunlight.

5. Describe the flora and fauna found in the cold desert like Ladakh.

Answer

• Flora: Vegetation cover is sparse in Ladakh. There are scanty patches of grasses and shrubs for animals to graze. Groves of willows and poplars are seen in the valleys. During the summers, fruit trees such as apples, apricots and walnuts grow.

• Fauna: Birds like robins, redstarts, Tibetan snowcock, raven and hoopoe are common in Ladakh. The animals of Ladakh include wild goats, wild sheep, yak and special kinds of dogs.

6. Give a brief description of the location and extent of the Sahara desert.

Answer

The Sahara desert is the world’s largest desert. This hot desert lies in Africa. It extends across north Africa from the Atlantic Ocean in the west upto the Red Sea in the east. It has an area of about 8.54 million sq. km. The desert touches eleven countries.

Chapter 9 Life in the Deserts Long Answer Questions (LAQs):


1. Describe the people of Ladakh. Give a brief account of their summer and winter activities.

Answer

The people in Ladakh are either Muslims or Buddhists. Several Buddhist monasteries can be seen in Ladakh with their traditional gompas. In the summer season the people are busy cultivating crops like barley, potatoes, peas, beans and turnip. They also grow a variety of vegetables and fruits. Many people keep livestock which include yaks, sheep and goats. These animals live on the extensive pastures on the mountain slopes.
During the winter months the climate is so harsh that people stop working in the fields. They, however, keep themselves busy in festivities and ceremonies. The women are hardworking. They work not only in the house and fields, but also manage small business and shops. People in Ladakh live very close to nature. Hence, they know very well to maintain balance and harmony with nature. Since resources are scarce, they discard nothing. They value water and fuel.
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