MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

1. Karl Marx wanted workers to overthrow :
(a) capitalism
(b) rule of private property
(c) accumulation of profits by capitalists
(d) radicals
► (a) capitalism

2. Which among the following groups was against any kind of political or social change?
(a) nationalists
(b) conservatives
(c) liberals 
(d) radicals
► (b) conservatives

3. The people who wanted to put an immediate end to the existing governments in Europe (in 1815) were called:
(a) nationalists
(b) liberals
(c) revolutionaries
(d) radicals
► (c) revolutionaries

4. Which of these statements is/are correct about Europe after the French Revolution?
(a) Suddenly it seemed possible to change the aristocratic society of the 18th century.
(b) However not everyone wanted a complete transformation of society.
(c) Some wanted gradual shift, while others wanted complete change of society.
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

5. Industrialisation did not lead to which of the following problems?
(a) poor wages
(b) long hours of work
(c) liberalism
(d) development of new industrialised regions
► (c) liberalism

6. The majority religion of Russia was ___________ but the empire also included _________
(a) Russian Orthodox Church, grown out of Greek Orthodox Church
(b) Russian Orthodox Church
(c) Catholics, Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists
(d) Both (b) and (c)
► (d) Both (b) and (c)

7. Which of the statements given about the Socialist Revolutionary Party is not true?
(a) The Socialist Revolutionary Party was formed by socialists active in the countryside
(b) They struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land from nobles be transferred to them
(c) They were one united group fighting for their rights
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (c) They were one united group fighting for their rights

8. According to the views held by the people of Europe regarding social change, they came to be called
(a) liberals
(b) radicals
(c) conservatives
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

9. Which of the following statement (s) is/are correct regarding what the ‘liberals’ wanted?
(a) Not to tolerate all the religions
(b) To oppose uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers
(c) Universal adult franchise
(d) Government appointed by the king
► (b) To oppose uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers

10. What were the ideas of ‘conservatives’ regarding social change in the 19th century?
(a) They accepted that some change was required
(b) They believed that change should be done by a slow process
(c) They were completely opposed to any such change
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

11. In order to develop societies, liberals and radicals believed
(a) in the value of individual effort, labour and enterprise
(b) in the privileges of the old aristocracy
(c) that those who had capital should work with restraint
(d) all the above
► (a) in the value of individual effort, labour and enterprise

12. How can you say that the ‘liberals’ were not ‘democrats’?
(a) They did not believe in universal adult franchise
(b) They felt that only men of property should have a right to vote
(c) Women should not have right to vote
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

13. What kind of developments took place as a result of new political trends in Europe?
(a) Industrial Revolution occurred
(b) New cities came up
(c) Railways expanded
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

14. Who conspired in Italy to bring about a revolution?
(a) Bismarck
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Guiseppe Mazzini
(d) None of the above
► (c)

15. Why did some liberals and radicals become revolutionaries in France, Italy, Russia etc.?
(a) They wanted to concentrate powers in their own hands
(b) They wanted to overthrow the existing monarchs
(c) They were against equal rights
(d) None of the above
► (b) They wanted to overthrow the existing monarchs

16. When was the Socialist Revolutionary Party formed in Russia?
(a) 1898
(b) 1900
(c) 1905
(d) 1910
► (b) 1900

17. By the mid-19th century in Europe, the idea which attracted widespread attention on the restructuring of society was
(a) Capitalism
(b) Socialism
(c) Dictatorship
(d) None of the above
► (b) Socialism

18. The procession of workers to the Winter Palace was attacked by the police killing
100 workers. This incident is called
(a) Black Sunday
(b) Bloody Sunday
(c) Rebellious Sunday
(d) Unlucky Sunday
► (b) Bloody Sunday

19. Which of the following is true about the peasants of Russia?
(a) Except in a few cases, they had no respect for the nobility
(b) Peasants wanted the land of the nobles to be given to them
(c) Frequently they refused to pay rent and even murdered the landlords
(d) All the above
► (b) Peasants wanted the land of the nobles to be given to them

20. What were the demands made by the workers in St. Petersburg who went on a strike?
(a) Reduction of working time to eight hours
(b) Increase in wages
(c) Improvement in working conditions
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

21. In the World War I, which started in 1914, Russia fought against
(a) Britain and France
(b) Germany and Austria
(c) America
(d) All the above
► (b) Germany and Austria

22. Why did the Tsar dismiss the first Duma within 75 days of its election?
(a) Because it was incapable of taking good decisions
(b) Because the Tsar did not want anyone to question his authority
(c) The term of first Duma was of 75 days only
(d) None of the above
► (b) Because the Tsar did not want anyone to question his authority

23. What was the position of Russia’s army in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916?
(a) Russian army brought a lot of destruction in Germany and Austria.
(b) It killed a large member of people and was victorious
(c) Russian army lost badly
(d) None of the above
► (c) Russian army lost badly

24. Why did the support of people to the Tsar for war gradually started decreasing?
(a) Because of rising prices
(b) Army was sick and tired of war
(c) Because Tsar Nicholas II refused to consult the main parties in Duma
(d) None of the above
► (c) Because Tsar Nicholas II refused to consult the main parties in Duma

25. Why did a lockout take place at a factory on the right bank of the River Neva on 22 February, 1917?
(a) It was extremely cold for the workers to work, because of frost and heavy snow
(b) The workers were being forced to join the army
(c) Food shortages were deeply felt in the workers’ quarters situated on the left bank of the River Neva
(d) Both (a) and (c)
► (d) Both (a) and (c)

26. In order to control the situation, the government called the cavalry. How did the cavalry react?
(a) The cavalry killed a large number of workers
(b) Most of the cavalry did not turn up due to extreme cold
(c) The cavalry refused to fire on the demonstrators
(d) None of the above
► (c) The cavalry refused to fire on the demonstrators

27. When did the government suspend the Duma?
(a) 25 February, 1917
(b) 26 February, 1917
(c) 27 February, 1917
(d) 28 February, 1917
► (a) 25 February, 1917

28. Which of the following events took place after the Tsar abdicated on 2nd March?
(a) Provisional government was formed
(b) It was decided to set up a Constituent Assembly
(c) Constituent Assembly was formed by revolutionaries only
(d) Both A and B
► (d) Both A and B

29. On 27th February 1917, soldiers and striking workers gathered to form a council called
(a) Soviet Council
(b) Petrograd Soviet
(c) Moscow Union
(d) Russian Council
► (b) Petrograd Soviet

30. In the context of Russia who launched the slogan-‘‘Peace, Land and Bread’’?
(a) Chernov
(b) Rasputin
(c) Lenin
(d) Trotsky
► (c) Lenin

31. When did the Tsar abdicate the throne?
(a) 28 February, 1917
(b) 2 March, 1917
(c) 10 April, 1917
(d) 15 May, 1918
► (b) 2 March, 1917

32. In the context of Russia, which group was the supporter of women’s ‘Suffragette Movements’?
(a) Liberals
(b) Radicals
(c) Conservatives
(d) None of these
► (b) Radicals

33. Why were most of the Bolshevik Party members initially surprised by ‘April Theses’?
(a) They wanted continuation of World War I
(b) They thought that time was not ripe for a socialist revolution
(c) Government needed to be supported at this time
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

34. Socialists took over the government in Russia through the?
(a) October Revolution in 1917
(b) November Revolution in 1918
(c) December Revolution in 1919
(d) February Revolution in 1920
► (a) October Revolution in 1917

35. Who led the Bolshevik group in Russia during Russian Revolution?
(a) Karl Marx
(b) Friedrich Engels
(c) Vladimir Lenin
(d) Trotsky
► (c) Vladimir Lenin

36. In the context of Russia who launched the slogan-‘‘Peace, Land and Bread’’?
(a) Chernov
(b) Rasputin
(c) Lenin
(d) Trotsky
► (c) Lenin

37. Who started ‘Collectivisation Programme’ in Russia?
(a) Lenin
(b) Karl Marx
(c) Rasputin
(d) Stalin
► (d) Stalin

38. Which one of the following refers to the secret police of Russia?
(a) Cheka
(b) Gestapo
(c) Security Police
(d) F.B.I.
► (a) Cheka

39. In the context of Russia, what was ‘KULAK’?
(a) A collective Farm
(b) A Russian Church
(c) Well-to-do Peasants
(d) Landless Labourers
► (c) Well-to-do Peasants

40. After the abdication of Tsar Nicolas II in 1917, Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a:
(a) National Government to run the country
(b) Provisional Government to run the country
(c) Local Government to run the country
(d) Central Government to run the country
► (b) Provisional Government to run the country

41. The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in
(a) 1898 by Socialists
(b) 1899 by Communists
(c) 1899 by Lenin
(d) 1899 by Middle Class
► (a) 1898 by Socialists

42. After 1905, most committees and trade unions were:
(a) declared illegal
(b) declared legal
(c) active
(d) none of the above
► (a) declared illegal

43. Russian peasants were different from other European peasants because:
(a) They had no respect for the nobility
(b) They pooled their land together
(c) They were not different
(d) both (a) and (b)
► (d) both (a) and (b)

44. The Jadidists of Russia aimed that:
(a) Socialist should rule Russia
(b) Democrats should rule Russia
(c) Modernised Muslims should rule Russia
(d) Liberal Christians should rule Russia
► (c) Modernised Muslims should rule Russia

45. At the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of Russian people worked in the:
(a) Industrial sector
(b) Agricultural sector
(c) Mining sector
(d) Transport sector
► (b) Agricultural sector

46. Which religion was followed by most of the people of Russia?
(a) Catholics
(b) Protestants
(c) Russian Orthodox Christianity
(d) None of the above
► (c) Russian Orthodox Christianity
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