MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 1 French Revolution

MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 1 French Revolution

1. That ‘each member should have one vote’ was advocated by :
(a) Georges Danton
(b) Rousseau
(c) Jean Paul Marat
(d) The Jacobins
► (b) Rousseau

2. How does a ‘Subsistence Crisis’ happen?
(a) Bad harvest leads to scarcity of grains
(b) Food prices rise and the poorest cannot buy bread
(c) Leads to weaker bodies, diseases, deaths and even food riots
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

3. The Third Estate comprised
(a) Poor servants and small peasants, landless labourers
(b) Peasants and artisans
(c) Big businessmen, merchants, lawyers etc.
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

4. Which of the following decisions was taken by the convention?
(a) Declared France a constitutional monarchy
(b) Abolished the monarchy
(c) All men and women above 21 years got the right to vote
(d) Declared France a Republic
► (d) Declared France a Republic

5. Which of the following statements is untrue about the Third Estate?
(a) The Third Estate was made of the poor only
(b) Within the Third Estate some were rich and some were poor
(c) Richer members of the Third Estate owned lands
(d) Peasants were obliged to serve in the army, or build roads
► (a) The Third Estate was made of the poor only

6. The word livres stands for:
(a) unit of currency in France
(b) tax levied by the Church
(c) tax to be paid directly to the state
(d) none of these
► (a) unit of currency in France

7.  In the war against Prussia and Austria, the army sang which patriotic song?
(a) 'Liberty', written by an unknown woman poet
(b) ‘Marseillaise’ written by the poet Roget de L’Isle
(c) ‘Viva France’ written by a French peasant
(d) None of the above
► (b) ‘Marseillaise’ written by the poet Roget de L’Isle

8. What was the ‘Subsistence Crisis’ which occurred frequently in France?
(a) An extreme situation endangering the basic means of livelihood
(b) Subsidy in foodgrains
(c) Large-scale production of foodgrains
(d) None of the above
► (a) An extreme situation endangering the basic means of livelihood

9. What was the name of tax which was directly paid to the state by the Third Estate?
(a) tithes
(b) livres
(c) taille
(d) all of these
► (c) taille

10. Who wrote the pamphlet called ‘What is the Third Estate’?
(a) Mirabeau, a nobleman
(b) Abbe Sieyes
(c) Rousseau, a philosopher
(d) Montesquieu
► (b) Abbe Sieyes

11. A guillotine was ___________
(a) a device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded
(b) a fine sword with which heads were cut off
(c) a special noose to hang people
(d) none of the above
► (a) a device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded

12. The term ‘Old Regime' is usually used to describe
(a) France before 1000 B.C.
(b) Society of France after 1789 A.D.
(c) Society and institutions of France before 1789 A.D.
(d) None of the above
► (c) Society and institutions of France before 1789 A.D.

13. What was ‘Estates General’?
(a) Post of Army General
(b) A political body
(c) Head of all landed property
(d) Advisor of the king
► (b) A political body

14. When did Louis XVI call an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes?
(a) 2 January, 1775
(b) 10 March, 1780
(c) 5 May, 178
(d) 14 July, 1789
► (c) 5 May, 178

15. The term ‘Old Regime' is usually used to describe
(a) France before 1000 B.C.
(b) Society of France after 1789 A.D.
(c) Society and institutions of France before 1789 A.D.
(d) None of the above
► (c) Society and institutions of France before 1789 A.D.

16. In the meeting of the Estates General, the members of the Third Estate demanded that
(a) All the three Estates should have one vote altogether
(b) Each member of the three Estates should have one vote
(c) Each Estate should have one vote
(d) None of the above
► (a) All the three Estates should have one vote altogether

17. Which of these provisions were passed by the Assembly on the night of 4 August, 1789?
(a) Abolition of feudal system of obligations
(b) Clergy had to give up its privileges
(c) Tithes were abolished
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

18. On 20th June, the representatives of the Third Estate assembled in the indoor tennis court of Versailles for
(a) hunger strike
(b) drafting a Constitution for France which limited the king’s power
(c) declaring a revolt
(d) making an appeal to support the king in times of need
► (b) drafting a Constitution for France which limited the king’s power

19. Which of these people were entitled to vote?
(a) Only men above 25 years of age
(b) Men and women above 30 years of age
(c) Men who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage
(d) Both (a) and (c)
► (d) Both (a) and (c)

20. The new Constitution made France a
(a) Constitutional Monarchy
(b) Communist state
(c) Fully democratic state
(d) None of the above
► (a) Constitutional Monarchy

21. Which of these books was written by John Locke?
(a) The Spirit of the Laws
(b) Two Treatises on Government
(c) The Social Contract
(d) All the above
► (b) Two Treatises on Government

22. What did Louis XVI do, seeing the power of his revolting subjects?
(a) He accorded recognition to the National Assembly
(b) Accepted checks on his powers
(c) Ordered his army to crush the revolt
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

23. Which of these people were entitled to vote?
(a) Only men above 25 years of age
(b) Men and women above 30 years of age
(c) Men who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage
(d) Both (a) and (c)
► (d) Both (a) and (c)

24. Who led the representatives of the Third Estate in Versailles on 20th June?
(a) Mirabeau
(b) Abbe Sieyes
(c) Louis XVI
(d) Both a and b
► (d) Both a and b

25. Which of these rights were not established as ‘natural and inalienable’ rights by the constitution of 1791?
(a) Right to life
(b) Freedom of speech and opinion
(c) Equality before the law
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

26. The new Constitution made France a
(a) Constitutional Monarchy
(b) Communist state
(c) Fully democratic state
(d) None of the above
► (a) Constitutional Monarchy

27. Which of these provisions form a part of the ‘Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen’?
(a) Men are born free
(b) They are equal in rights before the law
(c) Liberty means powers to do what is not injurious to others
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

28. Name the most successful ‘political club’ which became a rallying point for people who wished to continue the Revolution in France.
(a) Jacobin
(b) Arthur
(c) Mirabeau
(d) Dauphine
► (a) Jacobin

29. As a result of elections held after the Jacobins’ revolt in 1792, which of these steps were taken in France?
(a) Elections were held
(b) Monarchy was abolished
(c) France was declared a Republic
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

30. The National Assembly voted in April 1792 to declare war against
(a) Prussia
(b) Austria
(c) England
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

31. The Assembly elected in 1792 was called
(a) Convention
(b) Congress
(c) Congregation
(d) Council
► (a) Convention

32. Which of the following events took place as a result of the revolt of Jacobins in 1792?
(a) The revolutionaries stormed the Palace of Tuileries
(b) Massacred the king’s guards
(c) Held the king hostage for several hours
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

33. Instead of the traditional Monsieur (sir) and Madame (madam), all French men and women were henceforth addressed as
(a) Citoyen
(b) Citoyenne
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
► (c) Both (a) and (b)

34. On what charge was Louis XVI sentenced to death?
(a) Cruelty
(b) Treason
(c) Incapability
(d) Misuse of powers
► (b) Treason

35. Who among the following Indian individuals responded to the ideas coming from Revolutionary France?
(a) Bhagat Singh
(b) Rammohan Roy
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Sultan of Awadh
► (b) Rammohan Roy

36. Why is the period from 1793 to 1794 referred to as the ‘Reign of Terror’?
(a) Louis XVI’s successor became a tyrant
(b) Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment
(c) Jacobins opted for loot and plunder
(d) None of the above
► (b) Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment

37. Who among the following reintroduced slavery in France after it was abolished by Jacobin regime?
(a) Louis XIV
(b) Robespierre
(c) Napoleon
(d) Marat
► (c) Napoleon

38. In context of France the volunteers from Marseilles sang the Marseillaise, a patriotic song
when they marched into Paris. Who composed this song?
(a) Maximilian Robespierre
(b) Marie Antoinette
(c) Roget de L’Isle
(d) Mirabeau
► (c) Roget de L’Isle

39. Who seized power after the fall of the Jacobin government?
(a) Common people
(b) Descendants of Louis XVI
(c) Wealthy middle class
(d) Robespierre’s son
► (c) Wealthy middle class

40. Tax from peasants to Church was called:
(a) Taille
(b) Tithe
(c) Lagan
(d) Jazia
► (b) Tithe

41. In the context of France, ‘the fall of Bastille’ took place on:
(a) 14th July 1789
(b) 20th June 1789
(c) 4th Aug 1789
(d) 5th May 1789
► (a) 14th July 1789

42. The National Assembly of France voted in April 1792, to declare war against:
(a) Britain and Germany
(b) Prussia and Austria
(c) Italy and Germany
(d) Russia and Prussia
► (b) Prussia and Austria

43. In the context of France, what was ‘tithes’?
(a) A tax levied by the Church
(b) Direct tax levied by the State
(c) The tax levied on the articles of everyday consumption
(d) None of these
► (a) A tax levied by the Church

44. Who among the following proposed the Social Contract theory?
(a) Locke
(b) Thomas Paine
(c) Montesquieu
(d) Rousseau
► (d) Rousseau

45. The French Revolution led to the formation of National Assembly. Which statement is incorrect about the National Assembly?
(a) It abolished the feudal system of obligations and taxes
(b) It confiscated the land owned by the churches
(c) It abolished slavery in France
(d) It drafted the constitution
► (c) It abolished slavery in France

46. In which of the battle was Napoleon finally defeated?
(a) Russia
(b) Waterloo
(c) Versailles
(d) Paris
► (b) Waterloo

47. King Louis XVI belonged to which dynasty of kings?
(a) Hapsburg
(b) Bourbon
(c) Romanov
(d) Windsor
► (b) Bourbon

48. The term ‘Old Regime’ refers to:
(a) The society and institution under an old emperor
(b) Society and institution of France before 1789
(c) The society and institution of France after 1789
(d) The society and institution of France under Jacobins
► (b) Society and institution of France before 1789

49. Austrian Princess Marie Antoniette was the queen of which of the following French rulers?
(a) Louis XIII
(b) Louis XIV
(c) Louis XV
(d) Louis XVI
► (d) Louis XVI

50. The book ‘Two Treatises on Government’ was written by:
(a) Rousseau
(b) John Locke
(c) Montesquieu
(d) Karl Marx
► (b) John Locke

51. The term ‘Old Regime’ (France) refers to:
(a) The society and institution under an old emperor
(b) Society and institution of France before 1789
(c) The society and institution of France after 1789
(d) The society and institution of France under Jacobins
► (b) Society and institution of France before 1789

52. ‘The Spirit of Laws’ was written by:
(a) Montesquieu
(b) Rousseau
(c) Jean Paul Marat
(d) John Locke
► (a) Montesquieu
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