MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World

MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 5 Pastoralists in the Modern World

1. Life of the pastoral groups were sustained by
(a) Correct judgement of how long the herds could stay in one area, know where to find water and pasture
(b) Correct calculation of timing, their movements and ensuring they could move through territories
(c) Setting up relationship with farmers on the way, so that the herds could graze
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

2. The social changes in Maasai society are that
(a) the traditional difference based on age, between the elders and warriors, has been disturbed, but it has not broken down
(b) a new distinction between the wealthy and the poor pastoralists has developed
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) none of the above
► (c) both (a) and (b)

3. Why were some forests classified as “protected”?
(a) In these the customary grazing rights of pastorals were granted but their movements were severely restricted.
(b) The colonial officials believed that grazing destroyed the saplings and young shoots of trees that germinated on the forest floor.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
► (c) Both (a) and (b)

4. In what ways lives of Gujjar Bakarwals of Jammu and Kashmir similar to that of Gaddi shepherds of Himachal Pradesh?
(a) They both have a similar cycle of seasonal movement
(b) They both spend their winters on low hills of Siwalik range, grazing their herds in dry scrub forests
(c) In April, they begin their upward journey again for their summer grazing grounds
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

5. Pastoralists were found in the
(a) plateaus
(b) plains
(c) deserts
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

6. The title Maasai derives from _______ and two special features of this tribe are
(a) The word in Maa ‘Maasai’ means ‘My People’
(b) They are nomadic and pastoral, and depend on milk and meat for subsistence
(c) High temperature and low rainfall have made their land dry, dusty, and extremely hot with droughts being a common feature.
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

7. Which crop was sown by the Dhangars in the central plateau of Maharashtra?
(a) Bajra
(b) Jowar
(c) Rice
(d) Wheat
► (a) Bajra

8. Which of these are the pastoral communities of the mountains?
(a) Gujjars
(b) Gaddis
(c) Bhotiyas and Sherpas
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

9. Where were the Banjaras found?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Punjab, Rajasthan
(c) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

10. By October, the Dhangars harvested their bajra and started on their move to the west. Why were they welcomed by the Konkani peasants?
(a) They married off their children in each other’s communities
(b) The Dhangars brought bajra for them
(c) Dhangar flocks manured their fields and fed on the stubble
(d) None of the above
► (c) Dhangar flocks manured their fields and fed on the stubble

11. Where were the Banjaras found?
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Punjab, Rajasthan
(c) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

12. Since when were the ‘Wasteland Rules’ implemented in various parts of the country?
(a) 17th century
(b) early 18th century
(c) mid-19th century
(d) late 19th century
► (c) mid-19th century

13. Where did the community of Raikas live?
(a) In the deserts of Rajasthan
(b) Along the western coastal areas
(a) In the Rann of Kachchh
(d) In Maharashtra
► (a) In the deserts of Rajasthan

14. Through the Forest Acts, some forests which produced timber like deodar or sal were declared ‘Reserved’. What did that mean?
(a) They were reserved for the pastoralists
(b) No pastoralist was allowed access to these forests
(a) Some particular pastoral communities only were allowed access to them
(b) None of the above
► (b) No pastoralist was allowed access to these forests

15. Why did the colonial state want to transform all grazing lands into cultivated farms?
(a) Land revenue was one of the main sources of its finance
(b) It could produce more jute, cotton, wheat and other agricultural produce that were required in England
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above
► (c) Both (a) and (b)

16. Gujjar Bakarwals are pastoralists belonging to which region?
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Jammu and Kashmir
(c) Bihar
(d) Madhya Pradesh
► (b) Jammu and Kashmir

17. In which way did the Forest Acts change the lives of the pastoralists?
(a) In the areas of forests where the pastoralists were allowed, their movements were regulated
(b) They needed a permit for entry
(c) The timing of their entry and departure was specified
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

18. The pastoralists had to pay tax on
(a) every animal they grazed on the pastures
(b) the houses they were living in
(c) number of animals they had
(d) none of the above
► (b) the houses they were living in

19. In which year could the Raikas no longer move into Sindh?
(a) After 1871
(b) In the 1880s
(c) In 1928
(d) After 1947
► (d) After 1947

20. When was the right to collect the tax auctioned out to contractors?
(a) In 1800
(b) Between the 1850s and 1880s
(c) In 1900
(d) In the 1920s
► (b) Between the 1850s and 1880s

21. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
(a) Some rich pastoralists started buying land and settling down giving up their nomadic life
(b) Some became settled peasants cultivating land, others took to more extensive trading
(c) The poor pastoralists became labourers, working on fields or in small towns
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

22. What was the result of overgrazing pastures due to restrictions on pastoral movements?
(a) The quality of pastures declined
(b) This created deterioration of animal stock
(c) Underfed cattle died in large numbers during scarcity and famine
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

23. Which of these are the pastoral communities of Africa?
(a) Bedouins, Berbers
(b) Maasai, Somali
(c) Boran, Turkana
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

24. In 1885, Massailand was cut into half with an international boundary between
(a) Kenya and Tanganyika
(b) Kenya and Ethiopia
(c) Congo and Angola
(d) Angola and Botswana
► (a) Kenya and Tanganyika

25. Where do the Maasai cattle-herders live?
(a) East-Africa
(b) Namibia
(c) Zambia
(d) Libya
► (a) East-Africa

26. Which of these statements is true?
(a) Large areas of grazing land were turned into game reserves
(b) Pastoralists were not allowed to enter these reserves
(c) Serengeti National Park was created over 14,760 km of Maasai grazing land
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

27. When did a severe drought take place, killing over half the cattle in the Maasai Reserve?
(a) 1900
(b) 1933 and 1934 more
(c) 1945
(d) 1946 and 1947
► (b) 1933 and 1934 more

27. What was the percentage of land lost by Maasais as a result of the division of Maasailand?
(a) 10%
(b) 25%
(c) 35%
(d) 60%
► (d) 60%

28. The nomadic cattle herders of Kaokoland belonged to
(a) Namibia
(b) Zambia
(c) Zimbabwe
(d) South Africa
► (a) Namibia

29. With the passage of time, what was the position of the Maasai chiefs?
(a) They had regular income with which they could buy animals, goods and land.
(b) In times of war and famine, they lost nearly everything
(c) They did not have resources to tide over bad times
(d) Some eked out a living as charcoal burners, others did odd jobs
► (a) They had regular income with which they could buy animals, goods and land.

30. In pre-colonial period, the African society was divided into
(a) elders and warriors
(b) priests and warriors
(a) agriculturists and industrialists
(d) none of the above
► (a) elders and warriors

31. What are Bugyals?
(a) They are wastelands
(b) Pastures in the mountain’s foot area
(c) Pastures above 12000 feet high mountains
(d) They are deserts
► (c) Pastures above 12000 feet high mountains

32. How was the authority of both elders and warriors adversely affected by the British efforts to administer the affairs of the Maasai?
(a) The British appointed chiefs of different sub-groups of Maasai
(b) These chiefs were made responsible for the affairs of the tribe
(c) The British imposed various restrictions on raiding and warfare
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

33. Which seasonal movements affect the Dhangars of Maharashtra?
(a) Cold and snow
(b) Climatic disturbance
(c) Drought and flood
(d) Alternate monsoon and dry seasons
► (d) Alternate monsoon and dry seasons

34. Who are Bhotiyas, Sherpas and Kinnaris?
(a) Pastoral community of Africa
(b) Cattle herders of Rajasthan
(c) Shepherd community of Maharashtra
(d) Pastoral communities of the Himalayas
► (d) Pastoral communities of the Himalayas

35. Gaddi were an important pastoral community of:
(a) Gujarat
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Himachal Pradesh
(d) Chchattisgarh
► (c) Himachal Pradesh

36. Which state do Gujjar Bakarwals belong to:
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Jammu and Kashmir
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Gujarat
► (b) Jammu and Kashmir

37. What are Dhars?
(a) High meadows
(b) Deep valleys
(c) Fertile plains
(d) Desert land
► (b) Deep valleys

38. Raika pastoral community belongs to:
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Rajasthan
(c) Jammu and Kashmir
(d) Maharashtra
► (b) Rajasthan

39. Nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another because of:
(a) Seasonal changes
(b) In search of pastures
(c) To maintain ecological balance
(d) All the above
► (b) In search of pastures

40. The word Maasai means:
(a) my people
(b) pasture land
(c) shifting cultivation
(d) wasteland
► (a) my people

41. In which year did the colonial government in India pass the Criminal Tribes Act?
(a) 1861
(b) 1869
(c) 1871
(d) 1873
► (c) 1871

42. Which of the following statements best explains pastoralist nomads?
(a) The villagers who move from one place to another
(b) The people who do not have a permanent place to live in
(c) The herdsmen who move from one place to another looking for pasture for their herd
(d) The people who visit many places for enjoyment
► (c) The herdsmen who move from one place to another looking for pasture for their herd

43. Which of the following is true regarding the annual movement of Dhangars?
(a) They stay in the Central Plateau during the monsoons.
(b) After the monsoons are over they move towards Konkan area.
(c) With the onset of monsoon they leave the Konkan.
(d) All the above
► (b) After the monsoons are over they move towards Konkan area.

44. Which group of Raikas herded camels?
(a) Maru
(b) Gola
(c) Kuruma
(d) Kuruba
► (a) Maru

45. Which of the following statements best explains pastoralist nomads?
(a) The villagers who move from one place to another
(b) The people who do not have a permanent place to live in
(c) The herdsmen who move from one place to another looking for pasture for their herd
(d) The people who visit many places for enjoyment
► (c) The herdsmen who move from one place to another looking for pasture for their herd
Previous Post Next Post
X
Free Study Rankers App Download Now