MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 4 Forest Society and Colonialism

MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 4 Forest Society and Colonialism

1. Java was a ____________ colony.
(a) French
(b) English
(c) Dutch
(d) None of these
► (c) Dutch

2. The Forest Act meant severe hardship for the villagers across the country, because:
(a) Cutting wood, grazing cattle, collecting fruits, roots, hunting and fishing became illegal
(b) People were forced to steal and if caught, they had to pay bribes to the forest guards
(c) Women who collected firewood were harassed by guards
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

3. The Imperial Forest Research Institute was set up in :
(a) Dehradun
(b) Delhi
(c) Calcutta
(d) Kanpur
► (a) Dehradun

4. This river ____________ flows through Bastar.
(a) Ganga
(b) Indus
(c) Indrawati
(d) None of these
► (c) Indrawati

5. How did the American writer Richard Harding justify the conquest of Honduras in Central America?
(a) The Central Americans were semi-barbarians, who failed to understand the value of their land
(b) Uncultivated land had to be taken over by the colonisers and improved
(c) Land could not be allowed to remain unimproved with its original owner
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

6. Sarnas are _____________.
(a) Sacred groves
(b) Forests
(c) Grasslands
(d) None of these
► (a) Sacred groves

7. Which of the following problems were faced by the people of Bastar under the colonial government?
(a) People of villages were displaced without any notice of compensation
(b) Villagers suffered from increased rents, frequent demands for free labour and goods bycolonial officials
(c) Terrible famines in 1899-1900, 1907 and 1908
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

8. Shifting cultivation was banned by the Government in India because:
(a) European foresters regarded this practice as harmful for the forests
(b) When a forest was burnt there was the danger of flames spreading and burning valuable timber
(c) It also made it harder for the government to calculate taxes
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

9. How much of India’s landmass was under cultivation in 1600?
(a) One-sixth
(b) One-third
(c) Two-third
(d) Half
► (a) One-sixth

10. What was the policy followed by the British in India towards forests during the First and the Second World Wars?
(a) The forest department cut trees freely to meet British war needs
(b) Cutting of trees was strictly prohibited for everyone, including the British
(c) More and more trees were planted to give employment to Indians
(d) None of the above
► (a) The forest department cut trees freely to meet British war needs

11. About how much percentage of the world’s total forest area was cleared between 1700 and 1995?
(a) 9%
(b) 9.3%
(c) 20.5%
(d) 30%
► (b) 9.3%

12. During the colonial period, the British directly encouraged the production of which of these crops?
(a) Jute
(b) Sugar and wheat
(c) Cotton
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

13. What was the ‘scorched earth’ policy followed by the Dutch in Java during the First and the Second World Wars?
(a) Dutch weapons were destroyed on the land of Java
(b) The earth was exploited further to grow more trees
(c) Huge piles of giant teak logs were burnt and saw mills destroyed
(d) None of the above
► (c) Huge piles of giant teak logs were burnt and saw mills destroyed

14. How have some of the dense forests survived across India from Mizoram to Kerala?
(a) Villagers have protected them in sacred groves
(b) Some villagers have been patrolling their own forests
(c) By strict patrolling of forest officers
(d) Both (a) and (b)
► (d) Both (a) and (b)

15. Large areas of natural forests were also cleared to make way for which of these?
(a) Tea plantations
(b) Coffee plantations
(c) Rubber plantations
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

16. Which of these trade regulations in colonial India had serious effects on pastoralist and nomadic communities?
(a) Many communities became slave labours in tea and coffee plantations
(b) Some of them were called criminal tribes
(c) Grazing and hunting were restricted and many communities lost their livelihood
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

17. Which of the following problems were faced by the tribal communities from Assam, Jharkahand, Chhattisgarh etc?
(a) Stopping of ‘shifting cultivation’ had left them without a source of earning
(b) In tea plantations their wages were low and conditions of work were very bad
(c) They could not return easily to their home villages from where they had been recruited
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

18. Who was Gunda Dhur?
(a) A rebel of Java
(b) First Inspector General
(c) A leader of Santhal rebellion
(d) A leader of Dhurwa tribe
► (d) A leader of Dhurwa tribe

19. The British believed that by killing dangerous animals, the British would civilise India. What did they do to encourage these killings?
(a) They gave rewards for killing tigers, wolves and other large animals
(b) Over 80,000 tigers, 150,000 leopards and 200,000 wolves were killed during 1875-1925 alone
(c) Gradually the tiger came to be seen as a sporting trophy
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

20. Where is Bastar located?
(a) Southernmost part of Chhattisgarh
(b) In central Jharkhand region
(c) In Andhra Pradesh
(d) None of the above
► (a) Southernmost part of Chhattisgarh

21. Why did the cultivated area in India rise between 1880 and 1920?
(a) The British directly encouraged the production of commercial crops like jute, sugarcane, wheat and cotton
(b) Forests were considered to be wilderness. They had to be cultivated to yield agricultural products and revenue
(c) The growing urban populations in Europe needed more crops and more raw materials for industry
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

22. Who were the colonial power in Indonesia?
(a) British
(b) Dutch
(c) French
(d) Portuguese
► (b) Dutch

23. Who was Gunda Dhur?
(a) A rebel of Java
(b) First Inspector General
(c) A leader of Santhal rebellion
(d) A leader of Dhurwa tribe
► (d) A leader of Dhurwa tribe

24. The Kalangs resisted the Dutch in
(a) 1700
(b) 1750
(c) 1770
(d) 1800
► (c) 1770

25. Which place is now famous as a rice-producing island in Indonesia?
(a) Java
(b) Sumatra
(c) Borneo
(d) Kalimantan
► (a) Java

26. What was the result of the rebellion by the Dhurwas?
(a) The British sent troops to suppess the rebellion
(b) Work on reservation was temporarily suspended
(c) Area to be reserved was reduced to roughly half of that planned before 1910
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

27. Where did the Dutch start forest management in Indonesia?
(a) Java
(b) Sumatra
(c) Bali
(d) None of the above
► (a) Java

28. According to the forest laws enacted by the Dutch in Java,
(a) villagers’ access to forest was restricted
(b) wood could be cut only for specified purposes like making river boats or constructing houses
(c) villagers were punished for grazing cattle
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

29. What was the policy followed by the British in India towards forests during the First and the Second World Wars?
(a) The forest department cut trees freely to meet British war needs
(b) Cutting of trees was strictly prohibited for everyone, including the British
(c) More and more trees were planted to give employment to Indians
(d) None of the above
► (b) Cutting of trees was strictly prohibited for everyone, including the British

30. What was the system of ‘blandongdiensten’?
(a) A system of education
(b) Industrialisation
(c) First imposition of rent on land and then exemption
(d) None of the above
► (c) First imposition of rent on land and then exemption

31. Who wrote the book ‘The Forests of India’ in the year 1923?
(a) David Spurr
(b) E.P. Stebbing
(c) Verrier Elvin
(d) John Middleton
► (b) E.P. Stebbing

32. What did Surontiko Samin of Randublatung village, a teak forest village, begin questioning?
(a) The foreign policy of the Dutch
(b) State ownership of the forest
(c) The export policy of the Dutch
(d) None of the above
► (b) State ownership of the forest

33. Which of the following was not a tribal community?
(a) Karacha
(b) Jhum
(c) Korava
(d) Yerukula
► (b) Jhum

34. Which of the following is not associated with swidden agriculture?
(a) Karacha
(b) Jhum
(c) Bewar
(d) Penda
► (a) Karacha

35. In South-East Asia shifting agriculture is known as:
(a) Chitemene
(b) Tavy
(c) Lading
(d) Milpa
► (c) Lading

36. The system of scientific forestry stands for:
(a) system whereby the local farmers were allowed to cultivate temporarily within a plantation
(b) system of cutting old trees and plant new ones
(c) division of forest into three categories
(d) disappearance of forests
► (b) system of cutting old trees and plant new ones

37. Which of the following term is not associated with shifting agriculture in India?
(a) Penda
(b) Bewar
(c) Khandad
(d) Lading
► (d) Lading

38. In which year the Bastar rebellion took place?
(a) 1910
(b) 1909
(c) 1911
(d) 1912
► (a) 1910

39. The Gond forest community belongs to which of the following?
(a) Chhattisgarh
(b) Jharkhand
(c) Jammu and Kashmir
(d) Gujarat
► (a) Chhattisgarh

40. Wooden planks laid across railway tracks to hold these tracks in a position are called:
(a) Beams
(b) Sleepers
(c) Rail fasteners
(d) None of these
► (b) Sleepers

41. Colonial rulers considered forests as unproductive because:
(a) the forests were not fit for habitation
(b) forest had wild grown trees only
(c) forest did not yield revenue to enhance income of the state
(d) forests were full of wild animals
► (c) forest did not yield revenue to enhance income of the state

42. Which of the following is a community of skilled forest cutters?
(a) Maasais of Africa
(b) Mundas of Chotanagpur
(c) Gonds of Orissa
(d) Kalangs of Java
► (d) Kalangs of Java

43. Why did the government decide to ban shifting cultivation?
(a) To grow trees for railway timber
(b) When a forest was burnt, there was the danger of destroying valuable timber
(c) Difficulties for the government to calculate taxes
(d) All the above reasons
► (b) When a forest was burnt, there was the danger of destroying valuable timber

44. Which of the following is a commercial crop?
(a) Rice
(b) Wheat
(c) Cotton
(d) Corn
► (c) Cotton

45. Who among the following led the forest revolt in Bastar?
(a) Siddhu
(b) Birsa Munda
(c) Kanu
(d) Gunda Dhur
► (d) Gunda Dhur

46. Which of the following was the most essential for the colonial trade and movement of goods?
(a) Roadways
(b) Railways
(c) Airways
(d) Riverways
► (b) Railways

47. Villagers wanted forests to satisfy their following needs:
(a) Fuel, fodder and shelter
(b) Fuel, fodder and fruit
(c) Fuel, fodder and cultivation
(d) Fuel, fodder and minerals
► (b) Fuel, fodder and fruit

48. Java is famous for:
(a) Rice production
(b) Mining industries
(c) Huge population
(d) Flood and famines
► (a) Rice production

49. Who were the colonial power in Indonesia?
(a) British
(b) Dutch
(c) French
(d) Portuguese
► (b) Dutch

50. Colonial rulers considered forests as unproductive because:
(a) the forests were not fit for habitation
(b) forest had wild grown trees only
(c) forest did not yield revenue to enhance income of the state
(d) forests were full of wild animals
► (c) forest did not yield revenue to enhance income of the state
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