MCQ Questions for Class 10 History: Ch 3 The Making of a Global World

MCQ Questions for Class 10 History: Ch 4 The Making of a Global World

1.  Which of the following statements is a true definition of what the economists identify as “flows”?
(a) Trade in goods (cloth or wheat), migration of people in search of employment and movement of capital for short-term or long-term investments over long distances
(b) Economic, social, cultural and technological exchanges
(c) Self-sufficiency in food and no imports of food
(d) All the above
► (a) Trade in goods (cloth or wheat), migration of people in search of employment and movement of capital for short-term or long-term investments over long distances

2. The most powerful weapon, which the Spanish conquerors of America had, was :
(a) superiority in conventional weapons
(b) germs, such as those of small pox, proved a deadly killer and paved the way for conquest
(c) America’s original inhabitants had no immunity against diseases that came from Europe
(d) both (b) and (c)
► (d) both (b) and (c)

3. ‘Globalisation’ today mainly refers to :
(a) Trade, migration of people in search of work
(b) Movement of capital
(c) An economic system that has emerged in the last 50 years
(d) Cultural links among world societies
► (c) An economic system that has emerged in the last 50 years

4. Who were the first people to link the world in ancient times and why?
(a) Priests and pilgrims travelled vast distances for knowledge and spiritual fulfilment
(b) Travellers, traders, priests and pilgrims travelled vast distances for knowledge, opportunity, spiritual fulfilment or to escape persecution
(c) Traders
(d) All the above
► (b) Travellers, traders, priests and pilgrims travelled vast distances for knowledge, opportunity, spiritual fulfilment or to escape persecution

5. The two evidences we have of India carrying on an active coastal trade in ancient times are :
(a) Indians carried goods, money, skills and ideas abroad
(b) An active coastal trade, as early as 3000 BC, linked Indus Valley Civilisation with present- day West Asia
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) For more than a millennium, cowries (a form of Indian currency) found its way from
Maldives, to China and East Africa.
► (c) Both (a) and (b)

6. Why did MNCs begin to shift production operations to low-wage Asian countries in the late 1970s?
(a) The industrial world was hit by unemployment from the mid-1970s to the early 1990s
(b) Low wages in countries like China reduced the cost of investments and made it easy for the MNCs to capture world markets
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) New economic policies in China and collapse of the Soviet Union
► (c) Both (a) and (b)

7. Which of the following statements are reasons for the collapse of the system of fixed exchange rate in the 1960s?
(a) The rising costs of its overseas involvements weakened the US finances and competitive strength
(b) The US dollar no longer commanded confidence as the world’s principal currency
(c) The US dollar could not maintain its value in relation to gold
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

8. The ‘Bretton Woods’ twins are :
(a) The USA and Soviet Russia
(b) The two international banks — The IMF and the World Bank – set up to finance post-war reconstruction
(c) The framework agreed upon by the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference
(d) All the above
► (b) The two international banks — The IMF and the World Bank – set up to finance post-war reconstruction

9. Which among the following were considered as Allies Powers?
(a) Britain, France, Russia
(b) Germany, Austria - Hungary and Ottomon Turk
(c) Japan, France and Germany
(d) Britain, Japan and Russia
► (a) Britain, France, Russia

10. Who adopted the concept of an assembly line to produce automobiles?
(a) T. Cuppola
(b) V. S. Naipaul
(c) Henry Ford
(d) Ramesh Sarwan
► (c) Henry Ford

11. What is Rinderpest?
(a) a person
(b) a disease
(c) a place
(d) monument
► (b) a disease

12. Which one of the following institutions was established in the Bretton Wood Conference?
(a) International Security Fund
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) Indian Monetary Fund
(d) International Labour Organisation
► (b) International Monetary Fund

13. Who made the best-cost cutting decision?
(a) Henry Ford
(b) James Watt
(c) James Ford
(d) None of these
► (a) Henry Ford

14. Which one of the following did not travel along the silk routes in the pre-modern world?
(a) Christian missionaries (b) Traders
(c) Tourists (d) Muslim preachers
► (c) Tourists

15. Which of the following West Indies cricketers trace their roots to indentured labour migrants from India?
(a) Vivian Richards and Gary Sobers
(b) Chris Gayle and Dwayne Bravo
(c) Ramnaresh Sarwan and Shivnaraine Chanderpaul
(d) Brian Lara and Courtney Walsh
► (c) Ramnaresh Sarwan and Shivnaraine Chanderpaul

16. Which among the following countries were considered as Axis Powers during Second World War?
(a) Nazi Germany, Japan, Italy
(b) Britain, Germany, Russia
(c) France, Germany, Italy
(d) Britain, France, Russia and the US
► (a) Nazi Germany, Japan, Italy

17. Which one of the following is a Nobel Prize winning writer who is a descendant of indentured labour from India?
(a) Salman Rushdie
(b) V. S. Naipaul
(c) Arundhati Roy
(d) Bob Marley
► (b) V. S. Naipaul

18. Which one of the following did not travel along the silk routes in the pre-modern world?
(a) Christian missionaries
(b) Traders
(c) Tourists
(d) Muslim preachers
► (c) Tourists

19. The introduction of which of the following crops led to European poor to eat better and live longer?
(a) Potato
(b) Spaghetti
(c) Tomatoes
(d) Soya
► (a) Potato

20. What is El Dorado in South America?
(a) It was the place where Columbus landed
(b) Where silver mines were located
(c) A fabled city of gold
(d) A famous slave market
► (c) A fabled city of gold

21. In which one of the following cities did the European powers meet in 1885 to divide
Africa between themselves?
(a) London
(b) New York
(c) Berlin
(d) Amsterdam
► (c) Berlin

22. Which of the following statements is not true of mass production?
(a) Lowered cost and prices of goods
(b) Stress-free working
(c) Increased output per worker
(d) Assembly line production
► (b) Stress-free working

23. Nineteenth century ‘indenture’ has often been described as
(a) forced conscription
(b) new system of slavery
(c) serfdom
(d) None of these
► (b) new system of slavery

24. ‘Silk Route’ refers to
(a) Network of routes connecting China and Rome
(b) Network of routes connecting India and Rome
(c) Network of routes connecting China and India
(d) Network of routes connecting Asia with Europe and Northern Africa
► (d) Network of routes connecting Asia with Europe and Northern Africa

25. Which of the following allowed the British Government to restrict the import of corn?
(a) Food Act
(b) Corn Act
(c) Corn Laws
(d) Import Act
► (c) Corn Laws

26. In which one of the following cities did the European powers meet in 1885 to divide Africa between themselves?
(a) London
(b) New York
(c) Berlin
(d) Amsterdam
► (c) Berlin

27. Which one of the following countries has an effective right of veto over IMF and World
Bank?
(a) India
(b) the USA
(c) Srilanka
(d) Japan
► (b) the USA

28. Which of the following was the most powerful weapon used by Spanish to conquer America?
(a) Atom Bomb
(b) Navy
(c) Germs
(d) Poisonous gas
► (c) Germs

29. Most Indian indentured workers came from present regions of
(a) Uttar Pradesh
(b) Bihar
(c) Dry districts of Tamil Nadu
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

30. Who among the following discovered the continent of America?
(a) Vasco da Gama
(b) Ferdinand Magellan
(c) Christopher Columbus
(d) Copernicus
► (c) Christopher Columbus

31. Why did the wheat price in India fall down by 50 percent between 1928 and 1934?
(a) Due to less production
(b) Due to floods
(c) Due to Great Depression
(d) Due to droughts
► (c) Due to Great Depression

32. From which century China is said to have restricted overseas contacts and retreated into isolation?
(a) 14 th
(b) 15 th
(c) 16 th
(d) 17 th
► (b) 15 th

33. People’s livelihoods and local economy of which one of the following was badly affected by the disease named Rinderpest?
(a) Asia
(b) Europe
(c) Africa
(d) South America
► (c) Africa

34. Which was the main destination of Indian indentured migrants?
(a) Africa
(b) Australia
(c) Trinidad and Guyana
(d) All the above places
► (c) Trinidad and Guyana

35. From which one of the following countries did Britian borrow large sums of money during first World War?
(a) United States of America
(b) Russia
(c) Japan
(d) Germany
► (a) United States of America

36. Why did the wheat price in India fall down by 50 per cent between 1928 and 1934?
(a) Due to less production
(b) Due to floods
(c) Due to Great Depression
(d) Due to droughts
► (c) Due to Great Depression

37. What is the name of the routes linking Asia with Europe and northern Africa?
(a) Asian routes
(b) Silk routes
(c) Trade routes
(d) Africa routes
► (b) Silk routes

38. Which one of the following countries passed Corn Laws to restrict the import of corn?
(a) India
(b) France
(c) China
(d) Britain
► (d) Britain

39. Who among the following was a well-known pioneer of mass production?
(a) Jamshedji Tata
(b) G.D. Birla
(c) Henry Ford
(d) None of the above
► (c) Henry Ford

40. Which one of the following was the world’s first mass produced car?
(a) ‘T’ model car
(b) Maruti car
(c) BMW car
(d) None of the above
► (a) ‘T’ model car

41. In which of the following years Rinderpest arrived in Africa?
(a) 1880
(b) 1882
(c) 1876
(d) 1885
► (a) 1880

42. According to which famous economist, Indian gold exports promoted global economic recovery?
(a) Paul Wood
(b) John Maynard Keynes
(c) Amartya Sen
(d) David Jones
► (b) John Maynard Keynes

43. Which one of the following was experienced during Great Depression of 1929?
(a) Increase in production and income
(b) Increase in employment and trade
(c) Decrease in production and employment
(d) All the above
► (c) Decrease in production and employment

44. Which of the following powerful weapons was used by the Spanish conquerors to colonise Americas during the mid-seventeenth cuntry?
(a) Conventional military weapons
(b) Modern military weapons
(c) Biological weapons (germs of smallpox)
(d) Nuclear weapons
► (c) Biological weapons (germs of smallpox)

45. ‘Chutney’ music was popular in:
(a) Trinidad
(b) Canada
(c) England
(d) Germany
► (a) Trinidad

46. Most Indian indentured workers came from:
(a) Eastern U.P.
(b) North-eastern states
(c) Jammu and Kashmir
(d) None of the above
► (a) Eastern U.P.

47. When did the global agricultural economy start?
(a) 1894
(b) 1890
(c) 1892
(d) 1891
► (b) 1890

48. Which of the following powerful weapons was used by the Spanish conquerors to colonise Americas during the mid-seventeenth cuntry?
(a) Conventional military weapons
(b) Modern military weapons
(c) Biological weapons (germs of smallpox)
(d) Nuclear weapons
► (c) Biological weapons (germs of smallpox)
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