MCQ Questions for Class 10 History: Ch 4 The Age of Industrialisation

MCQ Questions for Class 10 History: Ch 4 The Age of Industrialisation

1. The picture of the “Two Magicians” shows
(a) Aladdin from the orient who built a beautiful palace with his magic lamp
(b) A modern mechanic who with his magic tool builds bridges, ships, towers and high-rise buildings
(c) The difference between East and West, Aladdin represents the East and the past and the mechanic, the West and modernity
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

2. Who are called Staplers and Fullers?
(a) A Fuller ‘fulls’ or gathers cloth by pleating
(b) Stapler ‘staples’ or sorts wool according to its fibre
(c) Both (b) and (c)
d) Staplers and Fullers are dyers
► (c) Both (b) and (c)

3. The new merchants could not set up business in the towns in Europe, because :
(a) the rules did not allow them to do so
(b) there were not enough products to start business with, as guilds had monopoly
(c) the powerful trade guilds and urban crafts made it difficult for new merchants to start business in towns and restricted their entry
(d) the merchants wanted to do business with village people
► (c) the powerful trade guilds and urban crafts made it difficult for new merchants to start business in towns and restricted their entry

4. Where and when did the earliest factories come up?
(a) In the beginning of the 18th century in England
(b) In the 1730s in England
(c) In the late 18th century in Europe
(d) None of the above
► (b) In the 1730s in England

5. How can we prove that the first symbol of factory system was cotton?
(a) Its production boomed in the late 18th century
(b) In 1760, Britain was importing 2.5 million pounds of raw cotton for its cotton industry
(c) By 1787, its import soared to 22 million pounds
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

6. Who invented the first steam engine and who improved upon it?
(a) James Watt produced the first steam engine and Newcomen improved it
(b) Richard Arkwright produced the first steam engine which Newcomen improved it
(c) James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen
(d) None of the above
► (c) James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen

7. Carding is a process :
(a) in spinning
(b) in weaving
(c) in which cotton or wool fibres are prepared for spinning
(d) in which finishing of cloth is done
► (c) in which cotton or wool fibres are prepared for spinning

8. The women in the woollen industry attacked the introduction of spinning jenny because
(a) fear of unemployment made the women workers hostile to the introduction of new
technology
(b) the women did not know how to work the machine
(c) the women depended on hand-spinning
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

9. The typical worker in the mid-nineteenth century, according to historians, was:
(a) a machine operator
(b) traditional craftsperson and labourer
(c) unskilled labourers
(d) a technology expert worker
► (b) traditional craftsperson and labourer

10. Which of the following statements is not true about how the Company prevented weavers from dealing with other buyers?
(a) The Company offered their weavers the highest rates
(b) The Company gave loans to weavers to purchase raw materials for their production
(c) Those who took loans had to sell the cloth they produced to the Gomasthas
(d) The weavers could not sell their product to any other trader
► (a) The Company offered their weavers the highest rates

11. Weaving industry finally collapsed by the end of the 19th century. Why?
(a) All raw materials vanished from India
(b) Indian weavers took to other professions because of high prices of raw materials
(c) Indian factories came up and began flooding the market with machine-made goods
(d) The British totally monopolised the textile trade
► (c) Indian factories came up and began flooding the market with machine-made goods

12. Which among the following is associated with Gomasthas?
(a) Trader
(b) Businessman
(c) Unpaid Servant
(d) Supervisor appointed by the company
► (d) Supervisor appointed by the company

13. Name the person who created the cotton mill in England?
(a) Richard Arkwright
(b) James Watt
(c) Mathew Boulton
(d) Newcomen
► (a) Richard Arkwright

14. Who among the following produced a popular music book that had a picture on the cover page announcing the Dawn of the Century?
(a) New Comen
(b) James Watt
(c) E. T. Paul
(d) Mathew Boulton
► (c) E. T. Paul

15. Which one of the following factories was considered as a symbol of new era in England in the late eighteenth century?
(a) Iron and steel
(b) Metal
(c) Jute
(d) Cotton
► (d) Cotton

16. Which pre-colonial port connected India to the Gulf countries and the Red Sea ports?
(a) Bombay
(b) Hooghly
(c) Surat
(d) Machhalipatanam
► (c) Surat

17. How does advertisement help us to create new consumer?
(a) It makes products appear desirable and necessary
(b) It tries to shape the minds of people and create new needs
(c) It helps in expanding the markets for products
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

18. Which of the following was not a European Managing Agency dominating industrial production in India?
(a) Andrew Yule
(b) Bird Heiglers and Co.
(c) Jardine Skinner and Co.
(d) Elgin Mills
► (d) Elgin Mills

19. The introduction of which new technology in England angered women?
(a) The spinning jenny
(b) The underground railway
(c) The steam engine
(d) None of these
► (a) The spinning jenny

20. Who devised the Spinning Jenny?
(a) Richard Arkwright
(b) James Watt
(c) James Hargreaves
(d) Samuel Luke
► (c) James Hargreaves

21. Which one of the following was the job of the Gomastha?
(a) Supervise weavers
(b) Collect supplies
(c) Examine the quality of the cloth
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

22. Which one of the following Indian ports lost its importance during colonial rule?
(a) Bombay
(b) Calcutta
(c) Surat
(d) Madras
► (c) Surat

23. By which of the following phenomena was the pattern of industrial change in India conditioned?
(a) Colonial rule
(b) Weakness of Mughal rule
(c) Poverty of the countryside
(d) Struggle between the European powers to control India
► (a) Colonial rule

24. Where in India was the first cotton mill set up?
(a) Kanpur
(b) Bombay
(c) Ahmedabad
(d) Madras
► (b) Bombay

25. Which one of the following problems was not faced by cotton weavers in India?
(a) Export market had collapsed
(b) They did not have good quality cotton
(c) Imported goods were cheap
(d) There were frequent strikes in Indian industries
► (d) There were frequent strikes in Indian industries

26. Who was Dwarkanath Tagore?
(a) A social reformer
(b) Musician
(c) Industrialist
(d) Painter
► (c) Industrialist

27. The person who got people from villages, ensured them jobs, helped them settle in cities and provided them money in times of need was known as:
(a) Stapler
(b) Fuller
(c) Gomastha
(d) Jobber
► (d) Jobber

28. Who improved the ‘Steam Engine’ produced by Newcomen?
(a) Marcopolo
(b) James Watt
(c) Hargreaves
(d) Richard Arkwright
► (b) James Watt

29. Production processes involving carding, twisting, rolling and stapling are associated with:
(a) Textile Industry
(b) Railway industry
(c) Shipping industry
(d) Glass industry
► (a) Textile Industry

30. Which of the following was not a problem of Indian weavers at the early 19th century?
(a) Shortage of raw material
(b) Clashes with Gomasthas
(c) Collapse of local and foreign market
(d) Setting up of new factories
► (b) Clashes with Gomasthas

31. In Victorian Britain, the aristrocrats and bourgeoisie preferred hand-made goods as:
(a) they were cheap
(b) they could be obtained easily
(c) they were made of better material
(d) they symbolised refinement and class
► (d) they symbolised refinement and class

32. Which of the following was not a problem of Indian weavers at the early 19th century?
(a) Shortage of raw material
(b) Clashes with Gomasthas
(c) Collapse of local and foreign market
(d) Setting up of new factories
► (b) Clashes with Gomasthas

33. In 1911, 67 percent of the large industries were located in which one of the following
places in India?
(a) Bengal and Bombay
(b) Surat and Ahmedabad
(c) Delhi and Bombay
(d) Patna and Lucknow
► (a) Bengal and Bombay

34. Which were the most dynamic industries in Britain during the 19th century?
(a) Cotton and metal
(b) Metal and sugar
(c) Ship and cotton
(d) Cotton and sugar
► (a) Cotton and metal

35. What was “Spinning Jenny”?
(a) A machine
(b) A person
(c) An industry
(d) None of the above
► (a) A machine

36. Where was the first Indian jute mill set up?
(a) Bengal
(b) Bombay
(c) Madras
(d) Bihar
► (a) Bengal

37. Which of the following mechanical devices used for weaving, with ropes and pullies, which helped to weave wide pieces of cloth?
(a) Handloom
(b) Powerloom
(c) Fly Shuttle
(d) Spinning Jenny
► (c) Fly Shuttle

38. Who among the following was usually employed by the industrialists to get new recruits?
(a) Gomastha
(b) Policeman
(c) Sepoy
(d) Jobber
► (d) Jobber

39. Who established six joint stock companies in India during 1830-40?
(a) Jamsedji Nusserwanjee Tata
(b) Dinshaw Petit
(c) Seth Hukumchand
(d) Dwarkanath Tagore
► (d) Dwarkanath Tagore

40. Where was the first cotton mill set up in India?
(a) Ahemedabad
(b) Kanpur
(c) Bombay
(d) Madras
► (c) Bombay

41. Who among the following set up the first Indian jute mill in Calcutta in 1917?
(a) Seth Hukumchand
(b) G.D. Birla
(c) Jamsedjee Nusserwanjee Tata
(d) None of the above
► (a) Seth Hukumchand

42. In which one of the following years did the first cotton mill in Bombay (Mumbai) come up?
(a) 1854
(b) 1855
(c) 1862
(d) 1874
► (a) 1854

43. Which of the following helped the spread of handloom cloth production?
(a) Import duties
(b) Government regulations
(c) Technological changes
(d) Imposition of export duties
► (c) Technological changes

44. Whom did the British government appoint to supervise weavers, collect supplies and examine the quality of cloth?
(a) Jobber
(b) Sepoy
(c) Policeman
(d) Gomastha
► (d) Gomastha

45. Which of the following were the pre-colonial ports of India?
(a) Surat and Masulipatam
(b) Madras and Hoogly
(c) Madras and Bombay
(d) Bombay and Hoogly
► (a) Surat and Masulipatam

46. Which of the following helped the spread of handloom cloth production?
(a) Import duties
(b) Government regulations
(c) Technological changes
(d) Imposition of export duties
► (c) Technological changes

47. Which of the following was the main function of jobber, employed by the industrialists?
(a) To collect money
(b) To set up industries
(c) To get a new recruit
(d) To supply raw material
► (c) To get a new recruit

48. Which one of the following European managing agencies did not control Indian industries?
(a) Bird Heiglers and Company
(b) Andrew Yule
(c) Indian Industrial and Commerce Congress
(d) Jardine Skinner and Company
► (c) Indian Industrial and Commerce Congress

49. Surat and Hooghly were replaced with:
(a) Bombay and Orissa
(b) Bombay and Calcutta
(c) Masulipatam and Calcutta
(d) None of the abvoe
► (b) Bombay and Calcutta

50. Which among the following cities had trade links with South Asian ports?
(a) Masulipatam and Hoogly
(b) Masulipatam and Surat
(c) Surat and Bomaby (Mumbai)
(d) None of the above
► (a) Masulipatam and Hoogly
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