MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 5 Minerals and Energy Resources

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 5 Minerals and Energy Resources

1. Which of the following sedimentary minerals is formed as a result of evaporation, especially in arid regions?
(a) Coal
(b) Potash salt
(c) Iron ore
(d) Sulphur
► (b) Potash salt

2. Which of the following rocks consists of a single mineral?
(a) Granite
(b) Basalt
(c) Limestone
(d) Sandstone
► (c) Limestone

3. Minerals are deposited and accumulated in strata of which of the following rocks?
(a) Sedimentary rocks
(b) Metamorphic rocks
(c) Igneous rocks
(d) None of the above
► (a) Sedimentary rocks

4. Minerals formed from solidification of molten matter in the crack, crevices, faults or joints are found in which types of rocks?
(a) Stratified rocks
(b) Igneous and metamorphic rocks
(c) Sedimentary rocks
(d) None of the above
► (b) Igneous and metamorphic rocks

5. Study about which of the characteristics of minerals is not a concern of geographers?
(a) Minerals as part of the earth’s crust for better understanding of landforms.
(b) Distribution of minerals
(c) Economic activities associated with minerals
(d) Formation, age and physical and chemical composition of minerals
► (d) Formation, age and physical and chemical composition of minerals

6. Which of the following is the finest quality of iron ore with magnetic qualities ?
(a) Magnetite
(b) Haematite
(c) Siderite
(d) Limonite
► (a) Magnetite

7. Metals like gold, silver and platinum are known as which of the following?
(a) Ferrous minerals
(b) Non-ferrous minerals
(c) Non-metallic minerals
(d) Precious minerals
► (d) Precious minerals

8. Which of the following regions of India is almost devoid of economic minerals?
(a) The Himalayan belt
(b) The alluvial plains of North India
(c) The Thar desert
(d) The Peninsular plateau
► (b) The alluvial plains of North India

9. Which of the following is a major metallic mineral obtained from veins and lodes?
(a) Tin
(b) Iron
(c) Manganese
(d) Gold
► (a) Tin

10. Which of the following regions of India contain most of the reserves of coal, metallic minerals, mica and many other non-metallic minerals?
(a) The Himalayas
(b) Alluvial plains of North India
(c) Rock system of peninsula in Rajasthan
(d) Peninsular plateau region
► (d) Peninsular plateau region

11. To which of the following categories of resources, do minerals belong ?
(a) Renewable and replenishable
(b) Flow
(c) Non-renewable and finite
(d) None of the above
► (c) Non-renewable and finite

12. Which of the following minerals is an important raw material in the iron and steel industry apart from iron ?
(a) Mica
(b) Aluminium
(c) Gypsum
(d) Manganese
► (d) Manganese

13. Which one of the following mineral ores is formed by decomposition of rocks, leaving a residual mass of weathered material?
(a) Coal
(b) Bauxite
(c) Gold
(d) Zinc
► (b) Bauxite

14. Which of the following minerals is indispensable for electric and electronic industries?
(a) Iron
(b) Nickel
(c) Manganese
(d) Mica
► (d) Mica

15. India’s reserves and production of which of the following types of minerals is not very satisfactory?
(a) Ferrous Minerals
(b) Non-Ferrous Minerals
(c) Energy Minerals
(d) None of the above
► (b) Non-Ferrous Minerals

16. Which of the following is a fuel mineral?
(a) Hydro-electricity
(b) Solar power
(c) Thorium
(d) Biogas
► (c) Thorium

17. Koderma in Jharkhand is the leading producer of which one of the following minerals?
(a) Bauxite
(b) Mica
(c) Iron ore
(d) Copper
► (b) Mica

18. Due to which of the following reasons is the Bailadila range in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh famous?
(a) It is the highest range in Central India
(b) Very high grade haematite variety of iron ore is found here
(c) Very high grade coal deposits are found here
(d) It is the largest iron ore deposit in the world
► (b) Very high grade haematite variety of iron ore is found here

19. Which of the following is a fuel mineral?
(a) Hydro-electricity
(b) Solar power
(c) Thorium
(d) Biogas
► (c) Thorium

20. Which of the following is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India?
(a) Petroleum
(b) Coal
(c) Firewood
(d) Biogas
► (b) Coal

21. Which of the following energy sources are not the conventional sources of energy?
(a) Firewood, cattle dung cake
(b) Atomic energy, biogas, solar energy
(c) Coal, petroleum, natural gas
(d) Hydel and thermal electricity
► (b) Atomic energy, biogas, solar energy

22. Which of the following energy sources is also termed as mineral oil or crude oil?
(a) Coal
(b) Petroleum
(c) Biogas
(d) Natural gas
► (b) Petroleum

23. Which of the following industries are the key users of natural gas?
(a) Cotton and jute textiles
(b) The power and fertiliser industries
(c) Iron and steel industry
(d) All the above
► (b) The power and fertiliser industries

24. Which of the following is the geological age of coal found in north-eastern India?
(a) Jurassic
(b) Gondwana
(c) Tertiary
(d) Pre-Cambrian
► (c) Tertiary

25. Which of the following uses non- renewable fossil fuels for generation of electricity?
(a) Hydro-electricity projects
(b) Thermal power stations
(c) Geothermal energy stations
(d) Nuclear power plants
► (b) Thermal power stations

26. Petroleum was first drilled in which of the following oilfields of India ?
(a) Ankaleshwar
(b) Digboi
(c) Mumbai High
(d) Kalol
► (b) Digboi

27. Which of the following is considered to be an environment friendly fuel?
(a) Peat
(b) Coal
(c) Petroleum
(d) Natural gas
► (d) Natural gas

28. Which one of the following features is not true about copper?
(a) India is deficient in the reserve and production of copper.
(b) It is meliable, ductile and a good conductor.
(c) It is a ferrous ore.
(d) It is mainly used in electrical cables and electronic goods.
► (c) It is a ferrous ore.

29. Which is correct about Magnetite iron ore?
(a) Magnetite is the most important industrial iron ore in terms of the quantity used.
(b) Magnetite has the inferior magnetic qualities which is not valuable in the electric industry.
(c) It is the finest iron ore with a very high content of iron up to 70%.
(d) It has a slightly lower iron content than haematite (50-60%).
► (c) It is the finest iron ore with a very high content of iron up to 70%.

30. Which one of the following is an essential feature of Mica?
(a) It is a metallic mineral made up of a series of plates
(b) It can be clear, black, green, red, yellow or brown.
(c) It is not used in electric and electronic industry.
(d) It cannot be easily split into thin sheets
► (b) It can be clear, black, green, red, yellow or brown.

31. Which of the following includes non-ferrous metals?
(a) Iron and manganese
(b) Steel and iron ore
(c) Haematite and magnetite
(d) Copper and bauxite
► (d) Copper and bauxite

32. Which one of the following non-conventional sources of energy is harnessed in the Parvati Valley near Manikaran in Himachal Pradesh
(a) Tidal Energy
(b) Geothermal Energy
(c) Wind Energy
(d) Solar Energy
► (b) Geothermal Energy

33. Which one of the following does not influence the location of industries?
(a) Availability of raw material and electricity.
(b) Availability of markets and capital.
(c) Availability of raw material and labour.
(d) Availability of educational and medical services.
► (d) Availability of educational and medical services.

34. Which one of the following minerals is not obtained from the veins and lodes?
(a) Tin
(b) Zinc
(c) Lead
(d) Gypsum
► (d) Gypsum

35. Which one of the following is not true regarding wind power in India?
(a) The largest wind farm cluster is located in Tamil Nadu.
(b) Jaisalmer is well known for effective use of wind energy in our country.
(c) Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka have important wind farms.
(d) Andaman Nicobar islands have important wind farms.
► (d) Andaman Nicobar islands have important wind farms.

36. Which one of the following is not true regarding  the  importance of manufacturing industries?
(a) They generate jobs in the secondary and tertiary sectors.
(b) Export of manufactured goods brings in forgein exchange.
(c) Manufacturing industries encourage trade and commerce.
(d) The economic strength of a country is measured in terms of the raw material it possesses.
► (d) The economic strength of a country is measured in terms of the raw material it possesses.

37. Where is an experimental geo-thermal energy project located in India ?
(a) Gulf of Kuchch - Gujarat
(b) Puga valley - Ladakh
(c) Ganga valley - Himachal Pradesh
(d) Nagarcoil - Tamil Nadu
► (b) Puga valley - Ladakh

38. Which one of the following factors is responsible for the sugar mills to shift and concentrate in the southern and western states of India?
(a) Sugarcane is bulky raw material.
(b) The sucrose content reduces with distance.
(c) The cane produced has higher sucrose content.
(d) The cooperative are not successful.
► (c) The cane produced has higher sucrose content.

39. The best quality of iron ore is:
(a) Magnetite
(b) Pyrite
(c) Hematite
(d) Siderite
► (a) Magnetite

40. Which form of coal has a low carbon and high moisture contents and low heating capacity?
(a) Peat
(b) Lignite
(c) Anthracite
(d) Bituminous
► (a) Peat

41. In which state of India are the Khetri Copper mines situated?
(a) Punjab
(b) Jharkhand
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Madhya Pradesh
► (c) Rajasthan

42. The highest quality of hard coal is:
(a) Lignite
(b) Bituminous
(c) Peat
(d) Anthracite
► (d) Anthracite

43. Which one of the following minerals belongs to the category of ferrous minerals?
(a) Mica
(b) Silver
(c) Bauxite
(d) Manganese
► (d) Manganese

44. Which one of the following is largely derived from ocean water?
(a) Bauxite
(b) Magnesium
(c) Gold
(d) Mica
► (b) Magnesium

45. The largest manganese producing state of India is:
(a) Orissa
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Karnataka
(d) Kerala
► (a) Orissa

46. Which one of the following states, is the largest producer of copper in India ?
(a) Orissa
(b) Karnataka
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Gujarat
► (c) Madhya Pradesh

47. The largest solar plant of India is located at:
(a) Madhapur
(b) Nagarcoil
(c) Madurai
(d) Manikaran
► (a) Madhapur

48. In which of the following iron ore belt Kudremukh mines are located?
(a) Orissa-Jharkhand belt
(b) Maharashtra-Goa belt
(c) Durg-Baster-Chandrapur belt
(d) Bellary-Chitradiga-Chikmaglur-Tumkur belt
► (d) Bellary-Chitradiga-Chikmaglur-Tumkur belt

49. Which of the following is non-metallic mineral?
(a) Iron ore
(b) Copper
(c) Bauxite
(d) Lime stone
► (d) Lime stone

50. Which one of the following non- conventional sources of energy is harnessed near Manikarn in Himachal Pradesh?
(a) Geothermal Energy
(b) Wind energy
(c) Solar energy
(d) None of the above
► (a) Geothermal Energy

51. Which one of the following minerals is contained in the monazite sands?
(a) Oil
(b) Uranium
(c) Thorium
(d) Coal
► (c) Thorium

52. Which of the following is the oldest oil producing state of India?
(a) Gujarat
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Assam
(d) Andaman Nicobar island
► (c) Assam

53. Which one of the following states is the largest producer of bauxite?
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Madhya Pradesh
(c) Orissa
(d) Gujarat
► (c) Orissa

54. In which one of the following states the largest wind farm cluster is located?
(a) Gujarat
(b) Kerala
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Tamil Nadu
► (d) Tamil Nadu

55. Which one of the following states, is the largest producer of copper in India ?
(a) Orissa
(b) Karnataka
(c) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Gujarat
► (c) Madhya Pradesh

56. The larger occurrences of minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks are called:
(a) Veins
(b) Lodes
(c) Beds
(d) Layers
► (b) Lodes
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