MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 6 Manufacturing Industries

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 6 Manufacturing Industries

1. Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies. Which of the following are the main advantages provided by cities to industries?
(a) Market and services
(b) Agricultural products and minerals
(c) Power supply
(d) Suitable climate and services
► (a) Market and services

2. The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of which of the following?
(a) Agriculture
(b) Infrastructural facilities
(c) Manufacturing industries
(d) Export trade
► (c) Manufacturing industries

3. Which of the following is not a factor of production?
(a) Land
(b) Raw materials
(c) Capital
(d) Enterprise
► (b) Raw materials

4. Which of the following developments usually follows industrial activity?
(a) Agriculture
(b) Urbanisation
(c) Electrification
(d) Mining
► (b) Urbanisation

5. How can industrialisation assist in bringing in foreign exchange?
(a) Modernisation of agriculture
(b) Removing dependence on agriculture by providing alternative employment
(c) Export of manufactured goods
(d) Import of manufactured goods
► (c) Export of manufactured goods

6. In which of the following groups of cities were most of the manufacturing units located in the pre-independence period?
(a) Delhi, Kanpur, Moradabad
(b) Bangalore - Hyderabad
(c) Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai
(d) Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar.
► (c) Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai

7. Oil India Limited (OIL) belongs to which of the following types of industries?
(a) Public sector
(b) Private sector
(c) Joint sector
(d) Cooperative sector
► (c) Joint sector

8. Which of the following is the effect of liberalisation and foreign direct investment on iron and steel industry of India?
(a) Lower productivity of labour
(b) High costs and limited availability of coking coal
(c) Irregular supply of energy
(d) Boost to the industry
► (d) Boost to the industry

9. Which of the following industries is in private sector?
(a) Dabur
(b) BHEL
(c) SAIL
(d) HINDALCO
► (a) Dabur

10. On the basis of character of raw material and finished product, iron and steel industry belongs to which category?
(a) Heavy industry
(b) Medium industry
(c) Light industry
(d) Perishable goods industry
► (a) Heavy industry

11. Which of the following inorganic chemicals is used for the making of glass, soaps, detergents and paper?
(a) Soda ash
(b) Sulphuric acid
(c) Nitric acid
(d) Alkalies
► (a) Soda ash

12. When and where was the first successful textile mill established in India?
(a) In Ahmedabad in 1858
(b) In Chennai in 1954
(c) In Kolkata in 1816
(d) In Mumbai in 1854
► (d) In Mumbai in 1854

13. Which of the following industriesbelongs to the category of heavyindustries?
(a) Watches
(b) Shipbuilding
(c) Electric bulbs
(d) Knitting needles
► (b) Shipbuilding

14. Sixty percent of sugar mills are concentrated in which of the followingstates?
(a) Punjab and Haryana
(b) Maharashtra and Gujarat
(c) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
(d) West Bengal and Orissa
► (c) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

15. Which of the following public sector steel plants of India is located near port?
(a) Durgapur
(b) Vijaynagar
(c) Bhadravati
(d) Vishakhapatnam
► (d) Vishakhapatnam

16. Which of the following industries is thelargest consumer of chemicals?
(a) Fertilisers
(b) Textiles
(c) Chemicals
(d) Paper
► (c) Chemicals

17. Which of the following is not an inorganic chemical?
(a) Sulphuric acid
(b) Petrochemicals
(c) Nitric acid
(d) Alkalies
► (b) Petrochemicals

18. Which of the following is a negative effect of industrialisation?
(a) Economic growth
(b) Pollution
(c) Foreign exchange earnings
(d) Rapid urbanisation
► (b) Pollution

19. When and where was the first cement plant set up in India?
(a) Chennai in 1904
(b) Porbandar in 1924
(c) Dalmianagar in 1937
(d) Kottayam in 1967
► (a) Chennai in 1904

20. Which of the following is an electronicsindustry?
(a) HMT, Bengaluru
(b) TISCO, Jamshedpur
(c) BHEL, Hyderabad
(d) BALCO, Korba
► (c) BHEL, Hyderabad

21. Which of the following led to expansionof the fertiliser industry?
(a) Liberalisation and foreign direct investment
(b) MNCs (multinational corporations)
(c) The Green Revolution
(d) All the above
► (c) The Green Revolution

22. Which of the following industries hasbeen a major foreign exchange earner in the last few years?
(a) Electronics Industry
(b) Information Technology Industry
(c) Engineering Industry
(d) Tourism Industry
► (b) Information Technology Industry

23. Which of the following cities is the electronic capital of India?
(a) Delhi
(b) Mumbai
(c) Bengaluru
(d) Hyderabad
► (c) Bengaluru

24. What is the correct meaning of agglomeration economies?
(a) Many industries set up in rural centres
(b) Industries are basically agro-based.
(c) Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres
(d) Industries set up produce raw material for secondary sector.
► (c) Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres

25. The economic strength of the country is measured by which of the following developments?
(a) The development of the manufacturing industries.
(b) The development of the literacy ratio.
(c) The development of the health status.
(d) The development of the population growth.
► (a) The development of the manufacturing industries.

26. The first successful textile mill was established in:
(a) Delhi
(b) Vishakhapattnam
(c) Chennai
(d) Mumbai (Bombay)
► (d) Mumbai (Bombay)

27. Which one of the following is not true regarding the Iron and Steel industry in India?
(a) India is the largest producer of sponge iron.
(b) Most of the public sector undertakings market their steel through the Steel Authority of India.
(c) Chhotanagpur Plateau region has the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries.
(d) As a leading iron and steel producing country, India does not need to import steel from other countries.
► (d) As a leading iron and steel producing country, India does not need to import steel from other countries.

28. Which one of the following air services provides services to Oil and Natural Gas Commission in its off-shore operations?
(a) Indian Airlines
(b) Air India
(c) Pawanhans Helicopters LTD
(d) Alliance
► (c) Pawanhans Helicopters LTD

29. Which one of the following factors has once again opened the opportunity for jute product?
(a) Increasing concern for the use of biodegradable materials
(b) Increasing productivity
(c) Enhancing the yield per hectare
(d) Improving quality
► (a) Increasing concern for the use of biodegradable materials

30. Manufacturing Industries are placed in:
(a) Primary sector
(b) Secondary sector
(c) Tertiary sector
(d) Service sector
► (b) Secondary sector

31. Which one of the following steel plants is located in Chhattisgarh?
(a) Bokaro
(b) Durgapur
(c) Bhilai
(d) Rourkela
► (c) Bhilai

32. The first successful textile mill was established in:
(a) Delhi
(b) Vishakhapattnam
(c) Chennai
(d) Mumbai (Bombay)
► (d) Mumbai (Bombay)

33. Which one of the following agencies, market steel for the public sector plants ?
(a) HAIL
(b) SAIL
(c) TATA STEEL
(d) MNCC
► (b) SAIL

34. Which one of the following cities is known as electronic capital of India ?
(a) Srinagar
(b) Noida
(c) Bengaluru
(d) Pune
► (c) Bengaluru

35. Most of the sugar industries are ideally suited to:
(a) Private sector 
(b) Joint sector
(c) Cooperative sector
(d) Public sector
► (c) Cooperative sector

36. Which one of the following countrieshas the largest installed capacity of spindles in the world?
(a) India
(b) China
(c) USA
(d) Britain
► (b) China

37. Small scale and large scale industries are classified on which basis?
(a) Capital investment
(b) Ownership
(c) Main role
(d) Source of raw materials
► (a) Capital investment

38. Which of the following group of factors is a prime group for the location of aluminium smelting plant?
(a) Capital and Market
(b) Raw material and Electricity
(c) Labour and Raw material
(d) Capital and Transport
► (b) Raw material and Electricity

39. Which one of the following factors is considered as the most prominent one in industrial location in a region?
(a) Availability of raw materials
(b) Market
(c) Cheap Labour
(d) None of these
► (a) Availability of raw materials

40. Which one of the following groups of states have the largest number of cotton textile centres?
(a) Gujarat and Maharashtra
(b) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
(c) Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat
► (a) Gujarat and Maharashtra
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