MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy

1. Which sector converts goods into goods?
(a) primary sector
(b) secondary sector
(c) unorganised sector
(d) organised sector
► (b) secondary sector

2. The economy is classified into public and private sectors on the basis of :
(a) employment conditions
(b) the nature of economic activity
(c) ownership of enterprises
(d) number of workers employed in the enterprise
► (c) ownership of enterprises

3. In which type of unemployment more people are employed than required?
(a) seasonal unemployment
(b) disguised unemployment
(c) educated unemployment
(d) all the above
► (b) disguised unemployment

4. Who carries economic activities?
(a) individuals
(b) firms
(c) government
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

5. Which sector includes the units producing services?
(a) primary sector
(b) secondary sector
(c) tertiary sector
(d) all the above
► (c) tertiary sector

6. Primary sector is related to
(a) agriculture
(b) dairy, forestry
(c) fishing, mining
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above

7. Which of the following types of activities are covered in the secondary sector?
(a) It generates services rather than goods.
(b) Natural products are changed through manufacturing.
(c) Goods are produced by exploiting natural resources.
(d) It includes agriculture, forestry and dairy.
► (b) Natural products are changed through manufacturing.

8. Manufacturing sector is associated with
(a) primary sector
(b) secondary sector
(c) tertiary sector
(d) private sector
► (b) secondary sector

9. Manufacturing units in unorganised sector are :
(a) not subject to government regulations
(b) subject to government regulations
(c) subject to central bank’s regulations
(d) none of the above
► (a) not subject to government regulations

10. In which sector activities are not guided by profit motive?
(a) organised sector
(b) public sector
(c) private sector
(d) unorganised sector
► (b) public sector

11. Production of a commodity through exploitation of natural resources is an activity in the
(a) primary sector
(b) secondary sector
(c) tertiary sector
(d) Information Technology sector
► (a) primary sector

12. Information and communication technology is associated with
(a) primary sector
(b) secondary sector
(c) tertiary sector
(d) none of the above
► (c) tertiary sector

13. Workers in this sector do not produce goods :
(a) tertiary sector
(b) secondary sector
(c) primary sector
(d) none of the above
► (a) tertiary sector

14. As per NREGA 2005 (National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005) the number of days of employment guaranteed by government is
(a) 100 days
(b) 80 days
(c) 150 days
(d) 120 days
► (a) 100 days

15. On which of the following basis, the sectors are classified into public and private sector?
(a) Employment conditions
(b) The nature of economic activity
(c) Ownership of enterprises
(d) Number of workers employed in an enterprise
► (c) Ownership of enterprises

16. Which of the following types of activities are covered in the secondary sector?
(a) It generates services rather than goods.
(b) Natural products are changed through manufacturing.
(c) Goods are produced by exploiting natural resources.
(d) It includes agriculture, forestry and dairy.
► (b) Natural products are changed through manufacturing.

17. Choose the correct meaning of organised sector.
(a) It covers those enterprises where the terms of employment are not regular.
(b) It is outside the control of the government.
(c) Jobs are not regular.
(d) It provides low salaries.
► (a) It covers those enterprises where the terms of employment are not regular.

18. The service sector includes activities such as
(a) agriculture, dairy, fishing and forestry
(b) making sugar, gur and bricks
(c) transport, communication and banking
(d) none of these
► (c) transport, communication and banking

19. Disguised Unemployment means a situation where people are:
(a) Unemployed
(b) Employed but earning less salary
(c) Employed but productivity is nil
(d) Unemployed for a short period of time
► (c) Employed but productivity is nil

20. Which one of the following economic activities is not in the tertiary sector?
(a) Banking
(b) Bee keeping
(c) Teaching
(d) Working in a call centre
► (b) Bee keeping

21. Which of the following Acts would not apply to a company like TISCO?
(a) Minimum Wages Act
(b) National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
(c) Factories Act
(d) Payment of Gratuity Act
► (b) National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

22. The motive of public sector enterprises is:
(a) Profit making
(b) Entertainment
(c) Social welfare and security
(d) None of the above
► (c) Social welfare and security

23. Which of the following is also known as disguised employment?
(a) Over-employment
(b) Factory employment
(c) Under-employment
(d) Unemployment
► (c) Under-employment

24. Which of the following is not applicable for a worker, who works in the organised sector?
(a) She gets a regular salary at the end of the month
(b) She is not paid for leave
(c) She gets medical allowance
(d) She got an appointment letter stating the terms and conditions of work when she joins work.
► (b) She is not paid for leave

25. Workers in agricultural sector are
(a) underemployed
(b) over employed
(c) unemployed
(d) None of these
► (a) underemployed

26. Agriculture, dairy farming are activities belonging to which of the following sectors?
(a) Primary
(b) Secondary
(c) Tertiary
(d) Scientific technology
► (a) Primary

27. Which of the following statements is true in respect of Public Sector?
(a) Big companies own most of the assets
(b) Government owns the assets
(c) A group of people owns most of the assets
(d) An individual owns most of the assets
► (b) Government owns the assets

28. What is meant by GDP?
(a) Gross Dairy Product
(b) Gross Domestic Product
(c) Great Development Project
(d) Great Domestic Product
► (b) Gross Domestic Product

29. Which of the following is not an activity of unorganised sector?
(a) teacher taking a class in Kendriya Vidyalaya
(b) a nurse working in a Government hospital
(c) a farmer irrigating his field
(d) a clerk working in the post office
► (c) a farmer irrigating his field

30. Which of the following activities is not the activity of Primary Sector?
(a) Milking
(b) Fishing
(c) Making of sugar
(d) Farming
► (c) Making of sugar

31. Which one of the following countries has the largest size of illiterate population in the world?
(a) India
(b) Japan
(c) France
(d) Germany
► (a) India

32. Which of the following economic activity does not come under the primary sector?
(a) Fishing
(b) Farming
(c) Mining
(d) Banking
► (d) Banking

33. In terms of G.D.P., the share of tertiary sector in 2003 was:
(a) between 20 to 30%
(b) between 30 to 40%
(c) between 50 to 60%
(d) above 70%
► (c) between 50 to 60%

34. The money value of all final goods and services produced within a country during a particular year is called:
(a) Gross domestic product
(b) Net domestic product
(c) National product
(d) Production of secondary sector
► (a) Gross domestic product
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