MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 1 Development

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 1 Development

1. Which of the following resources is a non-renewable energy resource?
(a) Solar radiations
(b) Crude oil
(c) Wind energy
(d) All the above
► (b)

2. The countries with per capita income of US $955 (2017) or less are termed as
(a) Low income countries
(b) Developing countries
(c) Developed countries
(d) Rich countries
► (a)

3. What the countries with per capita income of US $12,056 per annum and above (in 2017) are called?
(a) Rich countries
(b) Low-income countries
(c) Developing countries
(d) None of the above
► (a)

4. Per capita income is:
(a) income per person
(b) income per family
(c) income per earning person
(d) income per month
► (a)

5. Which is the most important attribute to compare countries?
(a) Human Development Index (HDI)
(b) Literacy rate
(c) Export earnings
(d) Income
► (a)

6. Proportion of literate population in the 7 years and above age group is termed as
(a) Education index
(b) Mortality ratio
(c) Literacy rate
(d) Gross enrolment ratio
► (c)

7. Which of the following neighbouring countries has better performance in terms of human development rank than India ?
(a) Bhutan
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Nepal
(d) None of the above
► (b)

8. One common development goal among the people is:
(a) family
(b) freedom
(c) income
(d) security
► (c)

9. Cause of high infant mortality rate is :
(a) inadequate facilities of health
(b) lack of infrastructural facilities
(c) lack of awareness
(d) both (a) and (b)
► (d)

10. Groundwater overuse in India is how much
(a) one-third of country
(b) one-fourth of country
(c) one-fifth of country
(d) two-fifth of country
► (a)

11. Human Development Index compares countries based on which of the following levels of the people?
(a) Educational level
(b) Health status
(c) Per capita Income
(d) All the above
► (d)

12. We can obtain per capita income of a country by calculating:
(a) the total income of a person
(b) by dividing the national income by the total population of a country
(c) the total value of all goods and services
(d) the total exports of the country.
► (b)

13. Kerala has low Infant Mortaliy Rate because:
(a) it has good climatic condition
(b) it has adequate infrastructure
(c) it has adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities
(d) it has poor net attendence ratio
► (c)

14. In which state in India is the infant mortality rate lowest?
(a) Kerala
(b) Bihar
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Punjab
► (a)

15. Which of the following countries has higher HDI rank than India?
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Nepal
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Pakistan
► (a)

16. According to the World Development Report a country is considered rich when the per capita income is more than which of the following figures?
(a) Rs 24,000 per annum
(b) Rs 37,000 per annum
(c) Rs 4,53,000 per annum
(d) Rs 5,43,000 per annum
► (c)

17. Which is the most important attribute for comparing the development of countries ?
(a) Resources
(b) Population
(c) Average income
(d) None of these
► (d)

18. In terms of human development, which of the following countries is ahead of India?
(a) Bangladesh
(b) Sri Lanka
(c) Nepal
(d) Bhutan
► (b)

19. Which one of the following states has the highest Human Development Index (HDI)?
(a) Kerala
(b) Punjab
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) West Bengal
► (a)

20. Which of the following is most likely to be a development goal for landless rural labourers?
(a) Higher support prices for their crops
(b) They should be able to settle their children abroad
(c) Raised wages
(d) None of these
► (c)

21. Which one of the following criteria is the basis to measure the development of a country according to UNDP?
(a) Per capita income
(b) Educational levels of the people
(c) Health status of the people
(d) All the above
► (d)

22. Underemployment occurs when people:
(a) do not want to work
(b) are working in a lazy manner
(c) are working less than what they are capable of doing
(d) are not paid for their work
► (c)

23. Which one of the following is a developmental goal for industrialists?
(a) To get more days of work
(b) To get better wages
(c) To get more electricity
(d) All the above
► (c)

24. Which one among the following is a developmental goal for the landless rural labourers?
(a) To get electricity and water
(b) To educate their children
(c) More days of work and better wages
(d) To shift to the cities
► (c)

25. The developmental goal for a girl from a rich family is:
(a) to get more days of work
(b) to get as much freedom as her brother gets
(c) to get electricity
(d) to get better wages
► (b)

26. Which one of the following is the most important attribute while comparing the level of development of various countries?
(a) Population
(b) Social status of the people
(c) Political status
(d) Per capita income
► (b)

27. Which one of the following is not a feature of developing country?
(a) Agriculture as the major occupation
(b) High technological development
(c) Mass poverty
(d) Mass illiteracy
► (b) High technological development

28. Life expectancy at birth means:
(a) average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth
(b) average expected length of life of a person at the time of death
(c) average expected length of a child at the time of birth
(d) None of the above
► (a)

29. Which one of the following statements defines ‘Literacy Rate’?
(a) Total literate population divided by total population
(b) Total literate population divided by literate population
(c) Proportion of illiterate population in the 18 and above age group.
(d) It measures the proportion of literate proportion in the 7 years and above age group.
► (c)

30. India’s HDI rank in the world is:
(a) 125
(b) 115
(c) 126
(d) 134
► (c)

31. Development goals of different sections of our society can be achieved by:
(a) Force
(b) Democratic political process
(c) Violent agitation
(d) Terrorism
► (b)
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