MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 5 Popular Struggles and Movements

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 5 Popular Struggles and Movements

1. Outstanding democratic conflicts are usually resolved through
(a) mass mobilisation
(b) institutions like the Parliament or the Judiciary
(c) both the above
(d) none the above
► (a) mass mobilisation

2. Which financial agency/organisation pressurised the government to give up its control of municipal water supply?
(a) International Monetary Fund
(b) World Bank
(c) Central Bank of Bolivia
(d) None of these
► (b) World Bank

3. When did King Gyanendra dismiss the then prime minister and dissolve the Parliament?
(a) In February 2005
(b) In February 2006
(c) In March 2006 (d) In April 2006
► (a) In February 2005

4. King Birendra was killed in a mysterious massacre of the royal family in
(a) 2000
(b) 2001
(c) 2002
(d) 2003
► (b) 2001

5. The people of Bolivia led a successful struggle against
(a) limited franchise
(b) government’s apathy towards public facilities
(c) privatisation of water
(d) lack of educational facilities
► (c) privatisation of water

6. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) The MNC raised the price of water by four times.
(b) Many people received monthly water bills of Rs 1000.
(c) This huge hike in water bill led to a popular protest.
(d) None of these
► (d) None of these

7. Which of these is not one of the agencies of organised politics?
(a) Political parties
(b) Pressure groups
(c) Movement groups
(d) None of above
► (d) None of above

8. Most of the time democracy evolves through :
(a) consensus
(b) popular struggles
(c) both the above
(d) none of the above
► (b) popular struggles

9. The movement Kittiko-Hachchiko started in Karnataka in 1987, was based on
(a) non-violent protest by farmers
(b) violent protest by farmers
(c) violent protest by workers of Karnataka Pulpwood Limited
(d) none of these
► (a) non-violent protest by farmers

10. Who won Bolivia’s water war ?
(a) People
(b) Government
(c) MNC
(d) None of the above
► (a) People

11. Which party did not believe in parliamentary democracy and was involved in an armed struggle but joined the popular protest?
(a) Nepalese Congress Party
(b) Nepalese Communist Party
(c) Nepalese Communist Party (Maoist)
(d) None of above
► (c) Nepalese Communist Party (Maoist)

12. ‘Defining moments’ of democracy usually involve a conflict between
(a) Two most powerful groups
(b) Those groups who have exercised power and those who aspire for a share in power
(c) Two powerless groups
(d) People and people’s representatives
► (b) Those groups who have exercised power and those who aspire for a share in power

13. Which of the following is a movement?
(a) CII
(b) AITUC
(c) NGOs
(d) Environmental movement
► (d) Environmental movement

14. Which political party that supported the protest in Bolivia, came to power in Bolivia in 2006?
(a) Socialist Party
(b) Communist Party
(c) Congress Party of Bolivia
(d) None of above
► (a) Socialist Party

15. Which of the following organisations/ institutions did not join the protest movement?
(a) Labour unions and their federations
(b) Organisation of indigenous people
(c) Organisation of teachers, lawyers and human rights groups
(d) Army
► (d) Army

16. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) Like an interest group, a movement does not take part in electoral competition
(b) Like an interest group, a movement attempts to influence politics
(c) Unlike  the  interest groups, movements have a loose organisation
(d) Like the interest groups, movements have a loose organisation
►  (d) Like the interest groups, movements have a loose organisation

17. Which of the following is not a sectional interest group?
(a) Trade unions
(b) Business associations
(c) Professional groups
(d) Bolivian organisation, FEDECOR
► (d) Bolivian organisation, FEDECOR

18. Which of the following is not a movement?
(a) Narmada Bachao Andolan
(b) Struggle in Nepal for democracy
(c) Women’s movement
(d) All India Trade Union Congress
► (d) All India Trade Union Congress

19. Usually sectional interest groups seek to promote
(a) the interests of a particular section of group of society
(b) the interests of the society in general
(c) the well-being and betterment of their members
(d) both (a) and (c)
► (d) both (a) and (c)

20. What is not true regarding public interest groups?
(a) They represent some common or general interest
(b) Members of the organisation may not benefit from the cause that the organisation represents
(c) They promote collective rather than selective good
(d) They aim to help their own members
► (d) They aim to help their own members

21. Which of the following is not a generic movement?
(a) Environment movement
(b) Women’s movement
(c) Narmada Bachao Andolan
(d) None of these
► (c) Narmada Bachao Andolan

22. Which one of the following is not true regarding Bolivia’s Water War?
(a) The  struggle  involved mass mobilisation.
(b) A political conflict led to popular struggle.
(c) It resulted in the restoration of the water supply at the old rates
(d) It lacked spontaneous public participation.
► (b) A political conflict led to popular struggle.

23. Which of the following is a pressure group?
(a) Narmada Bachao Movement
(b) Anti-Liquor Movement
(c) Women’s Movement
(d) Worker’s Trade Union
► (d) Worker’s Trade Union

24. Which one of the following is not true regarding the outcome of the April 2006 Movement in Nepal?
(a) Girija Prasad Koirala became the new Prime Minister.
(b) The Maoists came to power with a clear majority.
(c) The Parliament was restored.
(d) The new laws reduced the power of the king.
► (b) The Maoists came to power with a clear majority.

25. Which of the following is a pressure group?
(a) Narmada Bachao Movement
(b) Anti-Liquor Movement
(c) Women’s Movement
(d) Worker’s Trade Union
► (d) Worker’s Trade Union

26. Which one of the following political parties was founded by reviving the Bharatiya Jana Sangha?
(a) Samajwadi Party
(b) Rashtriya Janata Dal
(c) Bharatiya Janata Party
(d) Bahujan Samaj Party
► (c) Bharatiya Janata Party

27. Which one of the following is an example of public interest groups ?
(a) Trade Unions
(b) Business Associations
(c) BAMCEF
(d) FEDECOR
► (c) BAMCEF

28. FEDECOR comprised of:
(a) professionals like engineers and environmentalists
(b) leaders of political parties
(c) federation of farmers who did not rely on irrigation.
(d) confederation of household workers unions.
► (a) professionals like engineers and environmentalists

29. Which one of the following statements is not true about the public interest groups?
(a) They promote collective rather than selective good.
(b) They aim to help groups other than their own members.
(c) They undertake activity that benefits them as well as others too.
(d) Their Principal concern is the betterment and well being of their members.
► (d) Their Principal concern is the betterment and well being of their members.

30. Who plays a decisive role in making laws for a country?
(a) Leaders
(b) Parties
(c) Voters
(d) Constituencies
► (b) Parties

31. Which of the following statements is not true about Nepal?
(a) King Gyanendra, the new king of Nepal, was not prepared to accept democratic rule.
(b) Nepal witnessed an extraordinarypopular movement in April 2001.
(c) On 24th April, king Gyanendra conceded to all the demands of SPA.
(d) Girija Prasad Koirala was chosen as the new prime minister of the interim government.
► (b) Nepal witnessed an extraordinarypopular movement in April 2001.

32. Which one of the following distinctions between pressure groups and political parties is false?
(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.
(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve a large number of people.
(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
(d) Pressure groups are least concerned with the people while parties fully depend on the people.
► (d) Pressure groups are least concerned with the people while parties fully depend on the people.

33. Which one of the following is true regarding sectional interest groups?
(a) They promote collective rather than selective good.
(b) Their principal concern is the betterment and well-being of their members, not society in general.
(c) They aim to help groups other than their own members.
(d) They do not seek to promote the interest of a particular sector or group of society.
► (b) Their principal concern is the betterment and well-being of their members, not society in general.

34. The city of Cochamamba is related to which issue?
(a) Nepal’s popular struggle
(b) Bolivia’s water war
(c) Environmental Movement
(d) Narmada Bachao Movement
► (b) Bolivia’s water war

35. Which one of the following is true regarding the extraordinary popular movement that emerged in Nepal in 2006?
(a) Consolidation of monarchy
(b) Abolition of democracy
(c) Restoration of democracy
(d) Establishment of dictatorship
► (c) Restoration of democracy

36. Which amongst the following was an organisation of Bolivia comprising local professionals,  engineers and environmentalists?
(a) BAMCEF
(b) FEDECOR
(c) SPA
(d) NAPM
► (b) FEDECOR

37. Which king of Nepal refused to accept democratic rule?
(a) King Birendra
(b) Girija Prasad Koirala
(c) King Gyanendra
(d) King Mahendra
► (c) King Gyanendra

38. Which one of the following is true regarding public interest groups?
(a) Betterment and well being of members of a particular group
(b) Suppression of some general interest
(c) Representation of interests of one section in society
(d) Promotion of collective good
► (d) Promotion of collective good

39. What type of government was adopted in Nepal in the year 1990?
(a) Monarchy
(b) Dictatorship
(c) Colonial
(d) Democratic
► (d) Democratic

40. FEDCOR is the example of :
(a) Public interest group
(b) Sectional interest group
(c) Movement group
(d) Pressure group
► (b) Sectional interest group

41. The aim of a public interest group is to promote:
(a) Collective good
(b) Selective good
(c) The interest of its own members
(d) The interest of a particular groups of society.
► (a) Collective good

42. Which one of the following political parties came to power in Bolivia in 2006?
(a) The Socialist Party
(b) The Republican Party
(c) The Conservative Party
(d) The Communist Party
► (a) The Socialist Party

43. What was common in both the struggles held in Nepal and Bolivia?
(a) In both the case the struggle invilved mass mobilisation
(b) In both the cases people used violence
(c) In both the cases the demands of people were not fulfilled
(d) In both the cases government ignored the people
► (a) In both the case the struggle invilved mass mobilisation

44. Which one of the following promotes the interest of a particular group?
(a) Public interest groups
(b) Political parties
(c) Sectional interest groups
(d) Government
► (c) Sectional interest groups

45. Which one of the following is not true about the pressure groups?
(a) They are directly engaged in party politics
(b) They take a political stance
(c) They organise protests
(d) They try to gain public support
► (a) They are directly engaged in party politics

46. What was the result of Bolivia water war?
(a) People were forced to pay the increased water rates
(b) People lost the war
(c) Government of Bolivia resisted
(d) The water contract with the MNC was cancelled and water supply was restored to the municipality at old rates.
► (d) The water contract with the MNC was cancelled and water supply was restored to the municipality at old rates.

47. When did Nepal first win democracy?
(a) 1985
(b) 1995
(c) 1990
(d) 1965
► (c) 1990

48. A democratic government is:
(a) an accountable government.
(b) a responsive government.
(c) a legitimate government
(d) all the above
► (d) all the above
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