MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 4 Gender, Religion and Caste

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics: Ch 4 Gender, Religion and Caste

1. What is meant by the term ‘Feminist’?
(a) Having the qualities considered typical of women.
(b) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.
(c) The belief that men and women are equal.
(d) Men who look like women.
► (b) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men.

2. In which of these countries, the participation of women is not very large?
(a) Sweden
(b) Norway
(c) India
(d) Finland
► (c) India

3. What is meant by ‘gender division’?
(a) Division between rich and poor
(b) Division between males and females
(c) Division between educated and uneducated
(d) None of the above
► (b) Division between males and females

4. The representation of women in state assemblies is less than :
(a) 2%
(b) 5%
(c) 6%
(d) 3%
► (b) 5%

5. What is the result of political expression of gender division?
(a) Has helped to improve women’s role in public life
(b) Has provided a superior status to women
(c) The position remains the same, as it was
(d) None of the above
► (a) Has helped to improve women’s role in public life

6. Which one of these does not refer to the ‘Feminist movement’?
(a) Improving educational and career opportunities for women
(b) Giving voting rights to the women
(c) Training them in household jobs
(d) Improving their political and legal status
► (c) Training them in household jobs

7. To provide representation to women in Panchayats and Municipalities, the following step has been taken :
(a) Reservation for election to half of the seats for women
(b) Appointment of 1/3 women members
(c) Reservation for election to 1/3 of the seats for women
(d) None of the above
► (c) Reservation for election to 1/3 of the seats for women

8. Indian society is considered as
(a) a matriarchal society
(b) a patriarchal society
(c) a fraternal society
(d) none of these
► (b) a patriarchal society

9. What did Gandhiji mean when he said that religion and politics can never be separated?
(a) Effect of Hinduism on politics is more
(b) Effect of Islam on politics is more
(c) Need moral values in politics
(d) None of these
► (c) Need moral values in politics

10. In which of these categories of work do you think less time is spent by men?
(a) Household and related work
(b) Income-generating work
(c) Sleep, self-care, reading etc.
(d) Talking, gossiping
► (a) Household and related work

11. In some places in India, the child sex ratio has fallen to as low as :
(a) 927
(b) 840
(c) 820
(d) 800
► (d) 800

12. Which of these Acts provides that equal wages should be paid for equal work to both men and women?
(a) Same Wages Act
(b) Equal Wages Act
(c) Wages Equality Act
(d) Equality Wages Act
► (b) Equal Wages Act

13. Partly due to the efforts of reformers and partly due to other ________ changes, caste system in modern India has undergone great changes.
(a) fundamental
(b) socio-economic
(c) cultural
(d) professional
► (b) socio-economic

14. Which of these is true about the ugliest form of communalism?
(a) Communal violence
(b) Riots
(c) Massacre
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

15. According to some feminist movements, which of these is the best way to achieve women’s well-being?
(a) Women should stop cooperating with men
(b) All women should go out for work
(c) Women should share power
(d) None of these
► (c) Women should share power

16. Which of these statements is incorrect?
(a) There is only one-way relation between caste and politics.
(b) Politics too influences the caste system.
(c) New kinds of caste groups have come up in the political arena.
(d) None of the above.
► (a) There is only one-way relation between caste and politics.

17. The percentage of elected women members in the Lok Sabha has never reached even _______ per cent of its total strength.
(a) 25%
(b) 15%
(c) 10%
(d) 5%
► (c) 10%

18. Which of these matters deal with the ‘Family Laws’?
(a) Marriage and divorce
(b) Adoption
(c) Inheritance
(d) All of these
► (d) All of these

19. What is leading to the breakdown of caste hierarchy?
(a) Large-scale urbanisation
(b) Growth of literacy and education
(c) Occupational mobility
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

20. Which of these forms can communalism take in politics?
(a) In everyday beliefs, like religious prejudices
(b) A quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community
(c) Political mobilisation on religious lines
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

21. What is meant by ‘Communal Politics’?
(a) Participation of different communities in politics
(b) When state power is used to establish domination of one religious group over the rest
(c) Communist type of government
(d) All the above
► (b) When state power is used to establish domination of one religious group over the rest

22. In India, the official religion of the state is :
(a) Hinduism
(b) Islam
(c) Christianity
(d) None
► (d) None

23. A system that values men more and gives them power over women is called?
(a) Feminist
(b) Socialist
(c) Patriarchy
(d) Communist
► (c) Patriarchy

24. Laws concerning family matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption etc. are known as:
(a) Family laws
(b) Constitutional Laws
(c) Criminal Laws
(d) Civil Laws
► (a) Family laws

25. Which of these countries has an official state religion?
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) Pakistan
(c) England
(d) All of these
► (d) All of these

26. In which system of elected bodies about one-third seats are reserved for women?
(a) Panchayats and Municipals
(b) Lok Sabha
(c) State Assemblies
(d) None of these
► (a) Panchayats and Municipals

27. Which of the following statement about India as a secular state is incorrect?
(a) Allows freedom to practice any religion
(b) There is no official religion
(c) Prohibits discrimination on religious grounds
(d) It reserves seats for religious minorities
► (d) It reserves seats for religious minorities

28. What does caste hierarchy mean?
(a) A shift from rural areas to urban areas
(b) Shift from one occupation to another
(c) A ladder-like formation in which all caste groups are placed from the highest to the lowest
(d) None of these
► (c) A ladder-like formation in which all caste groups are placed from the highest to the lowest

29. On which of the following ideas is communal politics based?
(a) One religion is considered superior than the others
(b) Creating a vote bank of the basis on religion
(c) Parties promote religious stereotypes
(d) All the above
► (d) All the above

30. Who among the following said that religion can never be separated from politics?
(a) Acharya Vinobha Bhave
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Sarojini Naidu
(d) Rajendra Prasad
► (b) Mahatma Gandhi

31. A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs is called?
(a) Communalist
(b) Secular
(c) Casteist
(d) Feminist
► (b) Secular

32. Which one of the following is the literacy rate among women in India?
(a) 50%
(b) 76%
(c) 28%
(d) 54%
► (d) 54%

33. In which one of the following countries the participation of women in public life is very high?
(a) India
(b) Sweden
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Pakistan
► (b) Sweden

34. Which of the following divisions is unique to India?
(a) Gender division
(b) Caste division
(c) Economic division
(d) Religious division
► (b) Caste division

35. Which of the following is correct for partiarchal society?
(a) Women dominated society
(b) Male-dominated society
(c) Educated society
(d) Cultured society
► (b) Male-dominated society

36. Which one of the following is not a cause of communalism?
(a) Religion is taken as the basis of nation
(b) When one religion is discriminated against other
(c) State has no official religion
(d) Demands of one religious group are formed in opposition to another
► (c) State has no official religion

37. Who among the following is a feminist?
(a) Some one who does not believe in equal rights and opportunities for women and men
(b) Some one who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men
(c) Some one who believes in secularism
(d) None of the above
► (b) Some one who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men

38. A man or woman who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women is a
(a) Communist
(b) Socialist
(c) Feminist
(d) Communalist
► (c) Feminist

39. In which of the following countries? The participation of women in public life is very high? 
(a) Scandinavian countries
(b) African countries
(c) Asian countries
(d) All the above
► (a) Scandinavian countries

40. Which one of the following statements depicts Gandhiji’s views on religion and politics?
(a) Politics should be guided by one religion only
(b) Religion should be ahead of politics
(c) Politics should be guided by ethics drawn from religion
(d) None of the above
► (b) Religion should be ahead of politics

41. Communalism refers to a division based on:
(a) Religion
(b) Caste
(c) Gender
(d) Socio-economic status
► (a) Religion

42. ‘Feminist movements’ are aimed at
(a) Liberty
(b) Equality
(c) Participation
(d) Power
► (b) Equality
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