CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21| Check Latest Exam Pattern

CBSE has released Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21. Due to coronavirus pandemic, this year the board reduced the syllabus to ease the pressure. The question paper will be of 70 marks. Practical Work will be conducted of 30 marks.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

S. No.
Part AFundamentals of Human Geography
Part BIndia: People and Economy
Part CPractical Work


Part A: Fundamentals of Human Geography

Unit 1: Human Geography: Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People

• Population-distribution, density and growth
• Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change
• Population Composition - age-sex pyramid; rural-urban composition
• Human development - concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities

• Primary activities - concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities - some examples from selected countries.
• Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities - some examples from selected countries.
• Quaternary activities-concept; people engaged in quaternary activities - case study from selected countries.

Unit 4: Human Settlements

• Settlement types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries

Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on the outline Physical/Political map of World.

Part B: India: People and Economy

Unit 1: People

• Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of
population - linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupationalregional variations in growth of population Migration: international, national-causes and consequences.
• Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns Population, environment and development.

Unit 2: Human Settlements

• Rural settlements - types and distribution
• Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification

Unit 3: Resources and Development

• Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management.
• Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation.
• Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study).

Unit 5: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

• Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums
• Land degradation

Map work on locating and labeling of features based on above units on outline map of India.

Part C: Practical Work in Geography Part II

• Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping
• Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources
• Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency
• Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart; thematic maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleths maps.
• Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers.

Map Works

Fundamentals of Human Geography Class XII - Textbook I (NCERT)

Map Items for identification only on outline political map of the World.

• Unit-1 Ch.-1 Nil
• Unit-2 Ch. 2 to 4 1 The largest country in each continent in terms of area
• Unit-3 Ch. 5 to 7 1 Primary Activities:
→ Areas of subsistence gathering
→ Major areas of nomadic herding of the world
→ Major areas of commercial livestock rearing
→ Major areas of extensive commercial grain faming
→ Major areas of mixed farming of the World
• Unit - 5 Ch. 10 Mega cities of the world – Tokyo, Delhi, Shanghai, Mumbai, Sao Paulo.

India - People and Economy Class XII-Textbook II (NCERT)

Map Items for locating and labeling only on the outline political map of India

• Units - 1 & 2 Ch. 1 to 4
→ State with highest level of urbanization and lowest level of urbanization
→ One state with highest level of HDI & One lowest level of HDI
→ State with highest level of population density & one state with lowest level of population density (2011)
→ Any city with more than 10 million population – Greater Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru.

• Unit - 3 Ch. 5 to 9 Leading producing states of the following crops: (a) Rice (b) Wheat (c) Cotton (d) Jute (e) Sugarcane (f) Tea and (g) Coffee
→ Iron-ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Bailadila, Ratnagiri, Bellary
→ Manganese mines: Balaghat, Shimoga
→ Copper mines: Hazaribagh, Singhbhum, Khetari
→ Bauxite mines: Katni, Bilaspur and Koraput
→ Coal mines: Jharia, Bokaro, Raniganj, Neyveli
→ Oil Refineries: Mathura, Jamnager, Barauni.

Prescribed Books:

• Fundamentals of Human Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT
• India - People and Economy, Class XII, Published by NCERT
• Practical Work in Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT

Download Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21

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