Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 4 Electoral Politics Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. Why do we need elections? Give one reason.


Through elections we can choose the party whose policies will guide the government and law making.

2. Who led the ‘Nyaya Yudh’?


Chaudhary Devi Lal.

3. What was the promise Chaudhary Devi Lal made to the farmers and small businessmen?


He would waive the loans of farmers and small businessmen.

4. How are candidates elected in India?


The candidate who secures the highest number of votes is elected.

5. What is meant by ‘reserved constituency‘?


In a reserved constituency, only someone who belongs to the SC/ST or voter section can stand for election.

6. Which proof of identity can be shown at the time of Voting.


EPIC (Election Photo Identity Card).

7. What is the use of electronic voting machines?


To record the votes of people.

8. What is an election manifesto?


The pamphlet or the booklet issued by a political party that tells people about its programmes and policies.

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. Name the movement led by Chaudhary Devi Lal of Haryana in 1987. What promise did he make to lure the voters before election? Which political party did he form?


The name of this movement was ‘Nyaya Yudh’.
• The popular promise was, if his party won the elections, his government would waive the loans of farmers and small businessmen. 
• The name of the party that he formed was Lok Dal.

2. Why are elections considered essential for any representative democracy? Give three reasons. 


• In an election, the voters are presented with many choices. They are free to choose their representative who will make laws for them and change them if they wish to do so.
• They can choose the one who will form the government and take major decisions.
• They can choose the party whose policies will guide the government in law-making

3. Are you in favour of universal adult franchise? Support your answer with arguments. 


Yes, I am in favour of universal adult franchise. Arguments;
• It ensures Political equality 
• It establishes a fair and true democratic government
• It makes a responsible government.

4. What is meant by ‘seats‘ the in election? Explain with example.


• In India, for Lok Sabha election, the country is divided into 543 constituencies.
• Similarly, each state is divided into a specific number of assembly constituencies. Each Parliamentary Constituency has within it several assembly constituencies. 
• The same principle applies to Panchayat and municipal elections.
• Each village or town is divided into several ‘wards‘ that are like constituencies. Each ward elects one member of the village or the urban local body. Sometimes these constituencies are counted as ‘seats‘ for each constituency represents one seat in the assembly. 
Example: When we say a party has won 20 seats. It means that candidates of that party won in 20 assembly constituencies in the state and that it has 20 MLAs in the state assembly. 

5. Define the following:
(a) Universal Adult Franchise 
(b) Election Photo Identify Card 
(c) Voter’s List 


(a) Universal Adult Franchise: It is a right granted to all adults–men or women, rich or poor, white or black, to vote for their representatives to run the government. In practice it means that everyone should have one vote and each vote should have equal value.

(b) Election Photo Identify Card: This is introduced by the government to stop rigging. The voters are required to carry this card when they go out to vote so that no one can vote for someone else. The government has tried to give this card to every person on the voters list. But the card is not yet compulsory for voting.

(c) Voter’s List: In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone. This list is officially called the electoral roll and is commonly known as the voters’ List.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. Describe the procedure for nomination of candidates for election in India.


Any one, who can be a voter, can also become a candidate in elections. Political parties nominate their candidates who get party symbol and support. Party‘s nomination is often called party ‘ticket‘. 
• Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a ‘nomination form‘ and give some money as a ‘security deposit‘.
• Recently, a new system of declaration has been introduced on direction from the Supreme Court. Every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of
• Serious criminal cases pending against the candidate, 
• Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family
• Educational qualifications of the candidate. 
• This information has to be made public. 
• This provides an opportunity to the voters to make their decision on the basis of the information provided by candidates. 

2. Describe the rules and regulations regarding election campaign in India? 


No party or candidate should do the following: 
• Use government resources for campaigning. 
• Bribe or threaten voters.
• Appeal to voters in the name of caste or religion 
• Spend more than the prescribed amount more than 10 lakh in assembly election.
• If any candidate violates the above laws or rules his election can be rejected by the court. 

3. Mention the eligibilities for Indian citizens to be the member of Parliament. 


• The constitution stipulates that only Indian citizens of not less than 25 years of age are qualified to be the members of Lok Sabha. Similarly, only Indian citizens of not less than 30 years of age may be the members of the Rajya Sabha.
• The Parliament may prescribe additional qualifications under Article 84 of the constitution.
• But a citizen is disqualified to become a member of the Parliament:
(a) If he/she holds an office of profit under the union of a state government.
(b) If he/she is declared to be of unsound mind by a court. 
(c) If he/she is a bankrupt. 
(d) If he/she has lost his Indian citizenship through voluntary renunciation or through any other means. 
(e) If he/she has any criminal records. 

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