Notes of Ch 8 Challenges to Democracy| Class 10th Civics

Study Material and Notes of Ch 8 Challenges Democracy Class 10th Civics

Broad challenges to democracy

Foundational challenges 

• Some countries had to face the challenge of transition to the democratic style of government.

Challenge of expansion

• Countries which are already democratic face the challenge of expanding it to all social groups and regions.

Deepening of democracy

• It means strengthening those institutions that have people’s participation and control.

Devising ways and means for political reforms in India.


• One way is legal reform, making new laws to ban undesirable things.=

Legal changes

• Legal changes sometimes have a counter-productive result.

Democratic reforms

• Democratic reforms are spread or brought about through political practice. 

Political funding


• Most of the political parties are dependent on money given by bigbusiness houses. 

• The worry is that the role of money in politics will reduce whatever little voice the poor have in our democracy.

Reform proposals

• The financial accounts of every political party should be made public.

• There should be state funding of elections. Parties should be given some money by the government to meet their election expenditure.

• Citizens should be encouraged to give more donations to parties and to political workers.

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