Challenges to Democracy Class 10 Extra Questions Civics Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

1. What is democratic or political reform?


All suggestions for overcoming the challenges of democracy are called democratic reform.

2. A country holds election to elect people’s representatives to form the government but the elections are not fair. Identify the kind of challenge faced by the people in such a country.


People face the challenge of expansion of democracy.

3.Which challenge to established democracies ensures more participation of women and minority groups in a democratic country?


The challenge of expansion.

4. What does deepening democracy mean?


Deepening democracy means strengthening institutions that help people’s participation in governance.

5. What is involved in foundational challenge in a democracy?


Bringing down the existing non-democratic.

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. How do some countries face foundational challenge of democracy? Explain with example.


• To bring down the existence of non-democracy regime.
• Keep away military rule.
• Establishing a sovereign and functional state.

2. Elaborate the challenge of expansion of democracy. Give an example.


Most of the established democracies face the Challenge of Expansion: 
• Citizens have great expectations from the government. 
• Government tries its best for the upliftment of the society. 
• Ensuring greater power to the local government. 
• Extension of federal principles to all the units of the federation including women and minority groups.

3. “The challenge of deepening of democracy is being faced by every democracy in one form or another.” Support the statement with arguments.


Deepening of democracy: 
• Deepening of democracy involves strengthening the institutions and the practices of democracy. 
• The ordinary people have different expectations from democracy in different societies. 
• It wants more of people’s participation and control. 
• They want to bring down the control of rich and powerful people in the making of the governmental decision.

4. What are the features of a good democracy?


Features of a good democracy are: 
• Rulers are elected by the people to take all decisions. 
• Elections give an opportunity and choice to the people. 
• Democracy ensures that rights are given to the citizens.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. When was the ‘Right to Information Act’ implemented? How does it act as the watch-dog of democracy? Explain.


‘The Right to Information Act’ was implemented in 2005. 
• It empowers the people to find out what is happening in government. 
• It acts as the watchdogs of democracy. 
• It helps in controlling corruption and supplements the existing laws that banned corruption and imposed strict penalties.

2. What are the guidelines to be kept in mind while adopting political reforms?


• Involving political parties, political activists and people in bringing about reforms rather than impose reforms through laws. 
• Legal measures should be positive, more like incentives. 
• Improving the quality of political practices by increasing people’s participation.
• Laws being considered may meet with resistance in the legislatures and by political parties. So the best way to bring about the change is through democratic movements and media.

Challenges to Democracy Class 10 Notes

MCQ Test of Chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy

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