Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 2 What is Democracy? Why Democracy? Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions Answer Included

Very Short Answer Questions (VSAQs): 

1. What is a referendum?


A direct vote in which the entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a proposal.

2. Mention one non-democratic feature of President Mugabe's Government ?


The ruler is not accountable.

3. In which country the women do not have the right to vote ?


Saudi Arabia.

4. Which party of Zimbabwe led the struggle for independence?


Zimbabwe African national union

5. Name one non-democratic country.



6. Name the country where the people belonging to Russian minority find difficult to get the right to vote.


In Estonia, the people belonging to Russian minority find difficult to get the right to vote. 

Short Answer Questions (SAQs):

1. How did General Pervez Musharraf become the President of Pakistan?  


General Pervez Musharraf became the President of Pakistan by : 
• In Pakistan, General Musharraf led a military coup in October 1999. 
• He overthrew a democratically elected government and declared himself the 'Chief Executive' of the country.
• Later he changed his designation to President, in 2002 held a referendum in the country that granted him a five year extension. 

2. 'Major decisions in a democracy must be taken by elected leaders.' Justify the statement by giving two reasons and a suitable example. 


In Pakistan after passing a law election are held to national and state assemblies.
• So now elected representatives must have some powers but final power rests with military officers. 
• Those who take final decisions are not elected by the people.
• They have formally elected a parliament and government but the real power is in the hands of those who are not elected. 

3. Democracy is based on the principle of political equality. Give two instances of denial of equal right to vote. 


Examples to prove that political equality is still missing in many countries are:
• In Saudi Arabia, women do not have the right to vote.
• In Fiji, the electoral system is such that the vote of an indigenous Fiji has more value than that of an Indian-Fiji. 
• In Estonia, Russian minority find it difficult to get the right to vote.

4. Examine the three common features of democratic countries. 


Following are the features of democratic countries :
• Freedom of speech, expression and thought is a feature of democracy. 
• Elections are held at regular intervals and are fair and free. 
• The dignity of the individual is recognised

5. Define democracy and elaborate any two common features of it.


Democracy is a form of government that allows people to choose their rulers. 
Features : 
• Only leaders elected by people rule the country. 
• People have the freedom to express their views. 
• Certain political freedom is enjoyed by the people.

Long Answer Questions (LAQs):

1. Enlist the rights/freedoms which people do not enjoy in non-democratic countries.


The rights which the people of non-democratic
countries cannot enjoy are
• People cannot choose/change rulers.
• No real freedom to express opinions.
• No freedom to form political associations.
• No freedom to organise protests/action.
• No right to question authority.

2. Highlight any five unfair practices used by the President of Zimbabwe to win the elections.


Unfair practices used by the President
• His government has changed the constitution several times to increase his power.
• Opposition party workers are harassed and their meetings disrupted.
• Public protests and demonstrations against the government are declared illegal.
• Laws that limit the right to criticise the president were passed.
• Television and radio are controlled by the government.

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