Latest CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 of Science 2018-19

CBSE has released the syllabus for Class 10 Science. There is no major change has been made in the syllabus and the pattern and it is same as the previous year. In Board examination, the entire syllabus will come. The Board examination will be of 80 marks, with a duration of three hours.

The Question paper will consist of 27 questions. All questions would be compulsory. However, an internal choice will be provided in two questions of 3 marks each and one question of five marks.

Unit No.
Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour
World of Living
Natural Phenomena
Effects of Current
Natural Resources


Unit - I - Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

• Chemical reactions
• Acids, bases and salts
• Metals and nonmetals
• Carbon compounds
• Periodic classification of elements

Unit - II - World of Living

• Life processes
• Control and co-ordination in animals and plants
• Reproduction
• Heredity and Evolution

Unit - III - Natural Phenomena

• Light – Reflection and Refraction
• Human Eye and Colourful World

Unit - IV - Effects of Current

• Electricity
• Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Unit - V - Natural Resources

• Sources of energy
• Our environment
• Management of natural resources

Prescribed Books:

• NCERT Science Class 10th Textbook
• Laboratory Manual - Science - Class X, NCERT Publication
• Exemplar Problems Class X - NCERT Publication

List of Experiments:

1. A. Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:

(i) Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
(ii) Dilute NaOH solution
(iii) Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
(iv) Lemon juice
(v) Water
(vi) Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution

B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
a) Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
b) Zinc metal
c) Solid sodium carbonate
2. Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:

A. Combination reaction
B. Decomposition reaction
C. Displacement reaction
D. Double displacement reaction
(i) Action of water on quick lime
(ii) Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
(iii) Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
(iv) Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions

3. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
i) ZnSO4 (aq)
ii) FeSO4 (aq)
iii) CuSO4 (aq)
iv) Al2 (SO4)3 (aq)
Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.

4. Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.

5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.

6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.

7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.

8. Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):
i) odour
ii) solubility in water
iii) effect on litmus
iv) reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

9. Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.

10. Determination of the focal length of:
i) Concave mirror
ii) Convex lens
by obtaining the image of a distant object.

11. Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.

12. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides.

13. Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.

14. Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed.

15. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

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