Solutions of Social Science (S.St) CBSE Sample Paper Class 9th Summative Assessment I 2016 SET A

1. Maximillian Robespierre

2. Godavari River

3. Punjab Himalaya

4. General Augusto Pinochet

5.  Multiple Cropping

6. Amarkantak Hills

7. Agriculture

8. Poland

9. Subsistence crisis is an extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood are endangered.
The two factors responsible for this in France were:
(i) Production of grains could not keep pace with demand.
(ii) Wages were not in pace with rise in prices.

10. The incident of attack by police over the protesting workers demanding rights in Russia which left about hundred workers killed and many more wounded is known as Bloody Sunday.
Its consequences were:
(i) Strike took place all over in Russia and universities close down.
(ii) Lawyers, doctors, engineers and other middle-class workers established the Union of Unions and demanded a constituent assembly.


Three Problems faced by Weimar Republic were:
• Versailles treaty: After Germany’s defeat at the end of the First World War, the republic was forced to accept the terms of peace treaty of Versailles which was a harsh and humiliating.
• Economic Crisis: Germany was forced to pay compensation of war which had to be paid in gold. Subsequently god reserves depleted and value of German mark fell. Prices of essential goods rose dramatically.
• Political defects: The Weimar Republic was weak due to inherent constitutional irregularities such as proportional representation and Article 48 (which gave the President the power to impose emergency and rule by decree).

11. The main changes observed after October Revolution in Russia were:
• Most banks and industries were nationalised in November 1917. The government took over their ownership and management.
• Land was declared social property and peasants were allowed to seize the land of the nobility.
• Old titles of aristocracy were banned. New uniforms were designed for the army and officials.


The effects of the treaty of Versailles over Germany were:
• Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of its population, 13 per cent of its territories, 75 per cent of its iron and 26 per cent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania.
• The Allied Powers demilitarised Germany to weaken its power.
• The War Guilt Clause held Germany responsible for the war and damages and Germany was forced
to pay compensation amounting to £6 billion.

12. The longitudinal divisions of Himalayas are:
The Great or inner Himalayas or the 'Himadri'
• The basic part of this Himalayas is composed of granite. 
The lesser Himalaya or 'Himachal'
• It is mainly composed of highly compressed and altered rocks.
The Shiwaliks
• It is composed of unconsolidated sediments brought down by rivers from the main Himalayan ranges.

13. River play very important part in the economy:
• They provide water for irrigation
• They are used for hydro-power generation.
• They are used for navigation and tourism.

14. India’s land routes have been important since ancient times. India’s contacts with the World through the land routes are much older than her maritime contacts.
• The various passes across the mountains in the north have provided passages to the ancient travellers.
• These routes have contributed in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient times.
• The ideas of the Upanishads and the Ramayana, the stories of Panchtantra, the Indian numerals and the decimal system could reach many parts of the world.
• The spices, muslin and other merchandise were taken from India to different countries.

15. The Brahmaputra rises in Tibet east of Mansarowar lake very close to the sources of the Indus and the Satluj.
In Tibet the river carries a smaller volume of water and less silt as it is a cold and a dry area.
It forms many riverine islands.

16. The common features between Poland and Chile under dictatorial rule were:
• The people could not choose or change their rulers.
•There was no real freedom to express one’s opinions, form political associations and organise protests and political action.

17. The apartheid system in South Africa was particularly oppressive for the blacks as they were forbidden from living in white areas.
• They could work in white areas only if they had a permit.
• All public places such as public toilets, trains, hospitals colleges were all separate for the whites and blacks.
• They could not even visit the churches where the whites worshipped.

18. Democracy is a form of government that allows people to choose their rulers.
Its two features are:
• Only leaders elected by people should rule the country, and
• People have the freedom to express views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest.

19. A healthy person play positive role in human capital formation:
• The health of a person helps him to realise his full potential.
• It reduces production loss caused by worker’s illness.
• It increases the efficiency of workers.

20. The difference between seasonal and disguised unemployment are:
• When people are not able to find jobs during some months of the year, it is called seasonal unemployment. People dependent upon agriculture usually face such kind of problem.
• When more persons are working in a job than actually required, then the situation is called disguised unemployment. For example, if in an agricultural activity requires less people but more people are engaged whose productivity is zero.

21. The conditions of France that led to revolution were:
• Social Inequality: French society in the eighteenth century was divided into three estates namely The Clergy, The nobility and third estates which comprise peasants, officials and small business. It was only third estates that pay taxes. Clergy and nobility were exempt from taxes.
• Subsistence Crisis: The population of France also increased from 23 million in 1715 to 28 million in 1789. Food grains were now in great demand. Price of bread shot up. Wages did not keep pace with rising prices. This led to subsistence crisis.
• Economic Problems: Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. France had a debt of more than 2 billion livres. To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities, the state was forced to increase taxes.
• Strong Middle Class: The middle class emerged educated and wealthy during the eighteenth century. They believed that no group in society should be given privileges by birth. Ideas of equality and freedom were put forward by philosophers which were spread among people.
 • Immediate Causes: On 5 may, 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Third estates protested against this proposal but as each estate have one vote, the king rejected this appeal. They walked out of the assembly.

22. Collectivisation was a policy to solve the problem of shortage in Soviet Russia started by Stalin. This policy take away land from peasants, and establish state-controlled large farms.
The steps taken to implement policy of collectivisation were:
• In 1928, Party members toured the grain-producing areas, supervising enforced grain collections and raiding kulaks.
• From 1929, the Party forced all peasants to cultivate in collective farms.
• The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farms.
• Peasants worked on the land and the Kolkhoz profit was shared.
• Those who resisted collectivisation were severely punished.
• Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, but treated such cultivators unsympathetically.


The Nazi propaganda effective in creating hatred for Jews because:
• The Nazi regime used language and media with care, and often to great effect. Their ideas were spread through visual images, films, radio, posters etc.
• They use chilling words. Mass killings were termed special treatment, final solution for the Jews.
• Propaganda films were made to create hatred for Jews. The most infamous film “Eternal Jew” was shown all over to the people.
• All enemies of Germans, especially the Jews were mocked, abused and called as evil. They were termed as bad-meaning foreign agents.
• Jews were called names such as rats, pests and vermins and their movements were compared to those of rodents.

23. Formation of Himalayas:
• The earth crust was divided into a number of pieces by convectional currents. 
• The Indo-Australian Plate separated from the Gondwana land and drifted towards north which resulted in the collision of the plate with the much larger Eurasian Plate. 
• Due to the collision, the sedimentary rocks which were accumulated in the geosyncline known as the Tethys were folded which resulted in the formation of mountain system of western Asia and Himalayas.
Formation Northern Plain:
• The uplift of Himalaya and settling of the northern flank of the peninsular plateau created a large basin.
• In due time, gradually the basin got filled with deposition of sediments by the rivers
• This led to creation of a flat land of extensive alluvial deposits known as northern plains of India.

24. Features of Peninsular Plateau are:
• It is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks.
• The plateau has broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills.
• This plateau consists of two broad divisions, namely, the Central Highlands and the Deccan Plateau.
• The Central Highlands are wider in the west but narrower in the east.
• The Deccan Plateau is higher in the west and slopes gently eastwards.

25. Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. In any society, people are bound to have differences of opinions and interests. These differences are particularly sharp in a country like India which has an amazing social diversity. People belong to different regions, speak different languages, practise different religions and have different castes. They look at the world very differently and have different preferences. The preferences of one group can clash with another group. This arises conflicts between them. Democracy provides the only peaceful solution to this problem. In democracy, no one is a permanent winner. No one is a permanent loser. Different groups can live with one another peacefully.

26. Palampur is well-developed village because of the following reasons:
• Palampur have facilities of transporting goods to other towns, villages and markets as it is connected with weather roads.
• It has well-developed irrigation system and frequent electricity which helps the farmers to produce crops efficiently.
• Farmers of Palampur have adopted multiple cropping. They plant three crops on a year and never leave their land idle.
• They use modern machineries such as tractors and threshers. Use of HYV seeds and chemical fertilisers is also noticed in Palampur.
• Small markets for daily need commodities are available. Computer training institute are also there to impart knowledge of modern technologies.

27. When the existing human resource is further developed by spending on making the workforce more educated and healthy, it is called human capital formation.
The role of education is human capital formation are:
• Education make human more efficient and increases labour productivity.
• It develops personality of an individual and help in taking better future decisions.
• It helps an individual in earning higher earning income which adds to the growth of economy.
• It also improves human behaviour.

28. The steps taken by government in the field of education are:
• Provisions made for providing universal access, retention and quality in elementary education with a special emphasis on girls.
• Establishment of pace setting of schools like Navodaya Vidyalaya in each district.
• Vocational streams have been developed to equip large number of high school students with occupations related to knowledge and skills.
• Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is a significant step towards providing elementary education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years by 2010
• Mid-day meal scheme has been implemented to encourage attendance and retention of children and improve their nutritional status.

29. Given in the map.

30. (a) Bordeaux 
(b) Toulouse 
(c) Nantes

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