NCERT Solutions for Class 6th: Ch 2 Components of food Science

Page No: 17


1. Name the major nutrients in our food.


The major nutrients in our food are Carbohydrates, proteins, Fats, Vitamins and minerals.

2. Name the following:

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
► Carbohydrates and fats

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
► Proteins and minerals

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
► Vitamin A

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.
► Calcium

3. Name two foods each rich in:

(a) Fats
► Mustard oil and Meat

(b) Starch
► Rice and Mango

(c) Dietary fibre
► Pulses and Potato

(d) Protein
► Gram and Milk

4. Tick (✓) the statements that are correct.

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill the nutritional requirement in our body. ( )
► (✘)

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
► (✓)

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )
► (✓)

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )
► (✘)

5. Fill in the blanks:

(a) _________ is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D.
► Rickets

(b) Deficiency of _________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
► Vitamin B1

(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as _________.
► Scurvy

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of _________ in our food.
► Vitamin A

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