NCERT Solutions for Class 7th: Ch 9 The Making Of Regional Cultures Our Pasts 2

Page No: 136

Let’s recall

1. Match the following:
Anantavarman                  Kerala                 
Jagannatha Bengal
Mahodayapuram Orissa
Lilatilakam Kangra
Mangalakavya Puri
Miniature Kerala


Anantavarman                  Orissa                 
Jagannatha Puri
Mahodayapuram Kerala
Lilatilakam Kerala
Mangalakavya Bengal
Miniature Kangra

2. What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language.


Manipravalam literally means “diamonds and corals” referring to the two languages, Sanskrit and the regional language.
Lilatilakam is written in that language.

3. Who were the major patrons of Kathak?


The Mughal emperors and their nobles, Wajid Ali Shah - the last Nawab of Awadh and the courts of Rajasthan and Lucknow were the major patrons of Kathak.

 4. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal ?


Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal:
(i) The double-roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (chauchala) structure of the thatched huts.
(ii) Four triangular roofs were placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line or a point.
(iii) Temples were usually built on a square platform.
(iv) Outer walls of many temples were decorated with paintings, ornamental tiles or terracotta tablets.

Page No: 137

Let’s discuss

5. Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes?


(i) Minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes to preserved the memories of heroes.
(ii) These stories were expected to inspire others to follow their example.
(iii) Ordinary people were also attracted by these stories which depicted dramatic situations.
(iv) People also get attracted by the range of strong emotions loyalty, friendship, love, valour, anger etc. in the poems or songss.

6. Why do we know much more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people?


(i) We know much more about the cultural practices of rulers because their achievements or works were safely preserved in the palaces for the centuries.
(ii) Also, the rulers enjoyed intense wealth and power and hired specially trained minstrels to write their achievements in poems or songs.
(iii) Life of ordinary people were busy in earning their livelihood.
(iv) Ordinary people didn't had enough money or resource to preserve their work even if they had a story or poems.

7. Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri?


conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri as:
(i) This temple gained in importance as a centre of pilgrimage, wealth, power and culture.
(ii) Its authority in social and political matters also increased.
(iii) Conquerors felt that if they conquered this temple then they would make their rule acceptable to the local people.

8. Why were temples built in Bengal?


(i) Temples were built in Bengal to demonstrate power and proclaim their diety.
(ii) Bengal witnessed a temple-building spree from the late fifteenth century which culminated in the nineteenth century.
(iii) Creation of new economic opportunities by the European trading companies.
(iv) People proclaimed their status through the construction of temples when their social and economic position improved.

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