RD Sharma Solutions Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry Exercise 14.2 Class 10 Maths
Chapter Name  RD Sharma Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry 
Book Name  RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 10 
Other Exercises 

Related Study  NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths 
Exercise 14.2 Solutions
1. Find the distance between the following pair of points :
(i) (6, 7) and (1, 5)
(ii) (a + b, b + c) and (a – b, c – b)
(iii) (a sin Î±, b cos Î±) and (a cos Î±, b sin Î±)
(iv) (a, 0) and (0, b)
Solution
We know that the distance between two points A(x_{1}, y_{1}) and B(x_{2}, y_{2}) is
2. Find the value of a when the distance between the points (3, a) and (4, 1) is √10
Solution
Distance between (3, a) and (4, 1).
3. If the points (2, 1) and (1, 2) are equidistant from the point (x, y), show that x + 3y = 0.
Solution
4. Find the values of x, y if the distances of the point (x, y) from (3, 0) as well as from (3, 0) are 4.
Solution
Distance between (x, y) and (3, 0) is
5. The length of a line segment is of 10 units and the coordinates of one endpoint are (2, 3). If the abscissa of the other end is 10, find the ordinate of the other end.
Solution
Let the ordinate of other end by y, then the distance between (2, 3) and (10, y) is
6. Show that the points (4, 1), (2, 4), (4, 0) and (2, 3) are the vertices points of a rectangle.
Solution
Let ABCD is a rectangle whose vertices are:
A(4, 1), B(2, 4), C(4, 0) and D(2, 3)
AB = CD and AD = BC
and diagonal AC = BD
ABCD is a rectangle
7. Show that the points A (1, 2), B (3, 6), C (5, 10) and D (3, 2) are the vertices of a parallelogram.
Solution
Points are A(1, 2), B(3, 6), C(5, 10) and D(3,2).
∵ AB = CD and AD = BC
∴ ABCD is a parallelogram.
8. Prove that the points A (1, 7), B (4, 2), C (1, 1) and D (4, 4) are the vertices of a square.
Solution
Vertices A (1, 7), B (4, 2), C (1,1), D (4, 4)
If these are the vertices of a square, then its diagonals and sides are equal.
∵ AB = BC = CD = DA and AC = BD
∴ ABCD is a square.
9. Prove that the points (3, 0), (6, 4) and (1, 3) are the vertices of a rightangled isosceles triangle.
Solution
Vertices of Î”ABC are A(3, 0), B(6, 4) and C(1, 3)
We see that, AB = CA and BC is the longest side.
Here, Î”ABC is an isosceles right triangle.
10. Prove that (2, 2), (2, 1) and (5, 2) are the vertices of a right angled triangle. Find the area of the triangle and the length of the hypotenuse.
Solution
Let the vertices of a triangle are A(2, 2), B(2, 1) and C(5, 2)
We see that, AB = CA and BC is the longest side and AB^{2} + CA^{2} = 5^{2} + 5^{2} = 25 + 25 = 50 = BC^{2}ABC is a right angles triangle.
11. Prove that the points (2a, 4a), (2a, 6a) and (2a + √3a , 5a) are the vertices of an equilateral triangle.
Solution
Vertices of Î”ABC are A(2a, 4a), B(2a, 6a) and C(2a+ √3a, 5a)
∵ AB = BC = CA = 2a and an equilateral triangle has three equal sides.
∴ Î”ABC is an equilateral triangle.
12. Prove that the points (2, 3), (4, 6) and (1, 3/2 )do not form a triangle.
Solution
Let the coordinates of three points are A(2, 3), B(4, 6) and C(1, 2)
∴ These points do not form a triangle.
13. The points A (2, 9), B (a, 5) and C (5, 5) are the vertices of a triangle ABC right angled at B. Find the values of a and hence the area of ∆ABC.
Solution
Given that, the points A (2, 9), B (a, 5) and C (5, 5) are the vertices of a ∆ABC right angled at B.
By Pythagoras theorem, AC² = AB² + BC² …(i)
Now by distance formula,
Here, a ≠ 5, since at a = 5, the length of BC = 0. It is not possible because the sides AB, BC and CA from a right angled triangle.
Now, the coordinates of A, B and C becomes (2, 9), (2, 5) and (5, 5) respectively.
Hence, the required area of ∆ABC is 6 sq. units.